Domarboken 17

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1917 års bibelöversättning         

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1 I Efraims bergsbygd levde en man som hette Mika.

2 Denne sade till sin moder: »De ett tusen ett hundra silversiklar som blevo dig fråntagna, och för vilkas skull du uttalade en förbannelse, som jag själv hörde, se, de penningarna finnas hos mig. Det var jag som tog dem.» Då sade hans moder: »Välsignad vare du, min son, av HERREN

3 Så gav han de ett tusen ett hundra silversiklarna tillbaka åt sin moder. Men hans moder sade: »Härmed helgar jag dessa penningar åt HERREN och lämnar dem åt min son, för att han må låta göra en skuren och en gjuten gudabild. Här lämnar jag dem nu tillbaka åt dig.»

4 Men han gav penningarna tillbaka åt sin moder. Då tog hans moder två hundra siklar silver och gav dem åt en guldsmed, och denne gjorde därav en skuren och en gjuten gudabild, vilka sedan ställdes in i Mikas hus.

5 Mannen Mika hade så ett gudahus; han lät ock göra en efod och husgudar och insatte genom handfyllning en av sina söner till präst åt sig.

6 På den tiden fanns ingen konung i Israel; var och en gjorde vad honom behagade.

7 I Bet-Lehem i Juda levde då en ung man av Juda släkt; han var levit och bodde där såsom främling.

8 Denne man vandrade bort ifrån sin stad, Bet-Lehem i Juda, för att se om han funne någon annan ort där han kunde bo; och under sin färd kom han till Efraims bergsbygd, fram till Mikas hus.

9 Då frågade Mika honom: »Varifrån kommer du?» Han svarade honom: »Jag är en levit från Bet-Lehem i Juda, och jag är nu stadd på vandring, för att se om jag finner någon annan ort där jag kan bo.»

10 Mika sade till honom: »Stanna kvar hos mig, och bliv fader och präst åt mig, så skall jag årligen giva dig tio siklar silver och vad kläder du behöver, och därtill din föda.» Då följde leviten med honom.

11 Och leviten gick in på att stanna hos mannen, och denne behandlade den unge mannen såsom sin son.

12 Och Mika insatte leviten genom handfyllning, så att den unge mannen blev präst åt honom; och han var sedan kvar i Mikas hus.

13 Och Mika sade: »Nu vet jag att HERREN skall göra mig gott, eftersom jag har fått leviten till präst.»

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Story of Micah’s Idols

In this chapter, the story moves from the various judges of Israel to an anecdote that illustrates the overall worsening spiritual situation in the land. The people turn from the Lord and do more and more wrong among themselves. The last verse of the book of Judges is very telling, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” The same words come in the present chapter, in Judges 17:6.

In this story, a man named Micah (not to be confused with the prophet Micah) took a lot of silver money from his mother. He confesses that he did this, and returns the money to her. She says, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” She finds a silversmith to melt down the silver money to make an idol which gets set up in their house. One of Micah’s sons is then appointed as the priest to serve this idol.

The spiritual meaning of this is that an idol of any kind is a falsifying of our own worship and sense of the Lord. An idol is a ‘thing’ in a ‘place’, vested with power, whereas our worship and sense of the Lord is that he is fully everywhere and in everything. (Arcana Caelestia 3479, 3732) The essence of idolatry is that it emphasises external forms with no attention to the place and purpose of internal forms and realities. Our ‘idols’ can be whatever we love or desire or feel is important to us, over and above the Lord.

The story then shifts to a wandering Levite, a priest of Israel, who came from Bethlehem in Judah, and is looking for any place to stay. Israel had appointed six cities for Levites to live in, but this Levite is a wanderer. He eventually meets Micah, who takes him into his house and makes him a paid priest. Micah feels important because of this development.

This part of the story depicts the decline of Israel from its worship of the Lord to a state of allowing anything to be done if it seems right in someone’s eyes. The Levite is a trained priest, trained in the law of Moses, someone who should know the commandments of the Lord and also their prohibitions. This Levite is ‘looking for a place to go to’ which describes his apparent falling away from true priesthood. (See the description in Apocalypse Explained 444, about the Levites, and in Doctrine of Life 39 about priests.)

As well as indicating the extent of the spiritual fall of Israel into idolatry and wrong practices, this chapter representatively describes our own scope for moving away from a genuine worship of the Lord into a worship of ourselves and of the world, and the change that comes within us in doing this. It often changes very gradually and inexorably so that it is imperceptible even to ourselves. This is a danger, and the reason for our self-examination and vigilant care.

The name Micah means, “Who is like Jehovah God?” which is an ironical name for someone who turns away from God to substitute an idol made from silver money, in a completely false worship. In genuine repentance, we may ask, “Who is like Jehovah God?” implying that no one is like God, including ourselves, because we are all involved in wrong feelings, thinking and actions, and we know our need of and dependence on the Lord. (Apocalypse Revealed 531)

It is important to note the mother’s first words, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” saying this for his confession and return of the money. She begins her part in the story with the truest of statements, i.e. that the Lord wants to bless us, even while she may just be glad to have all her money back.

“Silver” in the Word can mean truths, truths of faith and truth of good, but in an opposite sense, when used dishonestly, it means falsities. (Arcana Caelestia 1551)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Caelestia 2598


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Caelestia 3704, 4111

Heaven and Hell 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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Významy biblických slov

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

moder
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

hundra
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

välsignad
Herren är perfekt kärlek uttryckt som perfekt visdom. Han skapade oss så att han kunde älska oss, kunna ge oss vår egen kärlek och visdom...

Son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

tillbaka
Det finns många fall i Bibeln som beskriver människor som vänder sig tillbaka, ser tillbaka eller går tillbaka. I de flesta fall är det ett...

penningar
'Money' relates to truth.

Göra
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

silver
'Money' relates to truth.

guldsmed
A founder, as in Jeremiah 10:9, signifies the same as a workman – in this case, people who create false ideas and evils from their...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

ett
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

husgudar
There are three universal kinds of idolatry; the first is grounded in self-love, the second in the love of the world, and the third in...

söner
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

konung
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Bet-Lehem
Det finns en stark relation mellan Ephrath och Betlehem i Bibeln; de kan vara två olika namn för samma stad, eller det är möjligt att...

Lehem
Det finns en stark relation mellan Ephrath och Betlehem i Bibeln; de kan vara två olika namn för samma stad, eller det är möjligt att...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

ung
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

kommer
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

fader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

tio
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Kläder
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

vet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Micah’s Idols
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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