Domarboken 16

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1 Och Simson gick till Gasa; där fick han se en sköka och gick in till henne.

2 När då gasiterna fingo höra att Simson hade kommit dit, omringade de platsen och lågo i försåt för honom hela natten vid stadsporten. Men hela natten höllo de sig stilla; de tänkte: »Vi vilja vänta till i morgon, när det bliver dager; då skola vi dräpa honom.»

3 Och Simson låg där intill midnatt; men vid midnattstiden stod han upp och grep tag i stadsportens dörrar och i de båda dörrposterna och ryckte loss dem jämte bommen, och lade alltsammans på sina axlar och bar upp det till toppen på det berg som ligger gent emot Hebron.

4 Därefter fattade han kärlek till en kvinna som hette Delila, vid bäcken Sorek.

5 Då kommo filistéernas hövdingar upp till henne och sade till henne: »Locka honom till att uppenbara för dig varav det beror att han är så stark, och huru vi skola bliva honom övermäktiga, så att vi kunna binda honom och kuva honom; vi vilja då giva dig ett tusen ett hundra siklar silver var.»

6 Då sade Delila till Simson: »Säg mig varav det beror att du är så stark, och huru man skulle kunna binda och kuva dig.»

7 Simson svarade henne: »Om man bunde mig med sju friska sensträngar, som icke hade hunnit torka, så bleve jag svag och vore såsom en vanlig människa.»

8 Då buro filistéernas hövdingar till henne sju friska sensträngar, som icke hade hunnit torka; och hon band honom med dem.

9 Men hon hade lagt folk i försåt i den inre kammaren. Sedan ropade hon till honom: »Filistéerna äro över dig, Simson!» Då slet han sönder sensträngarna så lätt som en blångarnssnodd slites sönder, när den kommer intill elden. Alltså hade man ingenting fått veta om hans styrka.

10 Då sade Delila till Simson: »Du har ju bedragit mig och ljugit för mig. Men säg mig nu huru man skulle kunna binda dig.»

11 Han svarade henne: »Om man bunde mig med nya tåg, som ännu icke hade blivit begagnade till något, så bleve jag svag och vore såsom en vanlig människa.»

12 Då tog Delila nya tåg och band honom med dem och ropade så till honom: »Filistéerna äro över dig, Simson!»; och folk låg i försåt i den inre kammaren. Men han slet tågen av sina armar, såsom hade det varit trådar.

13 Då sade Delila till Simson: »Hittills har du bedragit mig och ljugit för mig; säg mig nu huru man skulle kunna binda dig.» Han svarade henne: »Jo, om du vävde in de sju flätorna på mitt huvud i ränningen till din väv.»

14 Hon slog alltså fast dem med pluggen och ropade sedan till honom: »Filistéerna äro över dig, Simson!» När han då vaknade upp ur sömnen, ryckte han loss vävpluggen jämte ränningen till väven.

15 Då sade hon till honom: »Huru kan du säga att du har mig kär, du som icke är uppriktig mot mig? Tre gånger har du nu bedragit mig och icke velat säga mig varpå det beror att du är så stark.»

16 Då hon nu dag efter dag hårt ansatte honom med denna sin begäran och plågade honom därmed, blev han så otålig att han kunde ,

17 och yppade så för henne hela sin hemlighet och sade till henne: »Ingen rakkniv har kommit på mitt huvud, ty jag är en Guds nasir allt ifrån min moders liv. Därför, om man rakar håret av mig, viker min styrka ifrån mig, så att jag bliver svag och är såsom alla andra människor.»

18 Då nu Delila insåg att han hade yppat för henne hela sin hemlighet, sände hon bud och kallade till sig filistéernas hövdingar; hon lät säga: »Kommen hitupp ännu en gång, ty han har nu yppat för mig hela sin hemlighet.» Då kommo filistéernas hövdingar ditupp till henne och förde med sig penningarna.

19 Nu lagade hon så, att han somnade in på hennes knän; och sedan hon hade kallat till sig en man som på hennes befallning skar av de sju flätorna på hans huvud, begynte hon att få makt över honom, och hans styrka vek ifrån honom.

20 Därefter ropade hon: »Filistéerna äro över dig, Simson!» När han då vaknade upp ur sömnen, tänkte han: »Jag gör mig väl fri, nu såsom de förra gångerna, och skakar mig lös»; ty han visste icke att HERREN hade vikit ifrån honom.

21 Men filistéerna grepo honom och stucko ut ögonen på honom. Därefter förde de honom ned till Gasa och bundo honom med kopparfjättrar, och han måste mala i fängelset.

22 Men hans huvudhår begynte åter växa ut, sedan det hade blivit avrakat.

23 Och filistéernas hövdingar församlade sig för att anställa en stor offerfest åt sin gud Dagon och göra sig glada, ty de sade: »Vår gud har givit vår fiende Simson i vår hand

24 Och när folket såg honom, lovade de likaledes sin gud och sade: »Vår gud har givit vår fiende i vår hand honom som förödde vårt land och slog så många av oss ihjäl.»

25 Då nu deras hjärtan hade blivit glada, sade de: »Låt hämta Simson, för att han må förlusta oss.» Och Simson blev hämtad ur fängelset och måste vara dem till förlustelse. Och de hade ställt honom mellan pelarna.

26 Men Simson sade till den gosse som höll honom vid handen: »Släpp mig och låt mig komma intill pelarna som huset vilar på, så att jag får luta mig mot dem.»

27 Och huset var fullt med män och kvinnor, och filistéernas alla hövdingar voro där; och på taket voro vid pass tre tusen män och kvinnor, som sågo på, huru Simson förlustade dem.

28 Men Simson ropade till HERREN och sade: »Herre, Herre, tänk på mig och styrk mig allenast denna gång, o Gud, så att jag får taga hämndfilistéerna för ett av mina båda ögon

29 Därefter fattade Simson i de båda mittelpelare som huset vilade på, och tog fast tag mot dem; han fattade i den ena med högra handen och i den andra med vänstra.

30 Och Simson sade: »Må jag nu själv med filistéerna.» Sedan böjde han sig framåt med sådan kraft, att huset föll omkull över hövdingarna och allt folket som fanns där. Och de som han så dödade vid sin död voro flera än de som han hade dödat, medan han levde.

31 Och hans bröder och hela hans familj kommo ditned och togo honom upp med sig och begrovo honom mellan Sorga och Estaol, i hans fader Manoas grav. Han hade då i tjugu år varit domare i Israel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Caelestia 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Caelestia 5247, 9836

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 49

True Christian Religion 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

Simson
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

Gasa
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

Se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Sköka
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

natten
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

morgon
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

dräpa
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Midnatt
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

dörrar
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

axlar
'The shoulder' signifies all power. 'The shoulder,' as in Ezekiel 29:7, signifies the power or faculty of understanding truth. 'To dwell between his shoulders,' as...

bar
Bars, as in Lamentations 2:9, signify doctrinals

berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

kärlek
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

kvinna
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

filistéernas
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

binda
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

hundra
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

silver
'Money' relates to truth.

sju
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

filistéerna
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

huvud
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

sömnen
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

säga
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

kär
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

tre
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

tre gånger
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Guds
Herren är själv kärlek, uttryckt i form av visdom i sig. Kärlek är alltså Hans väsen, Hans inre. Vishet - den kärleksfulla förståelsen för hur...

nasir
'A Nazarite' represents the celestial self.

moders
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

sände
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

knän
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

visste
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

mala
‘To grind’ is to collect and learn the things that are serviceable to faith.

Växa
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

stor
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

Gud
Herren är själv kärlek, uttryckt i form av visdom i sig. Kärlek är alltså Hans väsen, Hans inre. Vishet - den kärleksfulla förståelsen för hur...

Dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

fiende
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

hjärtan
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

män
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

kvinnor
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

taket
The roof of a house is its highest point, and the part most exposed to the sun. So it makes sense that in the Bible,...

herre
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Hämnd
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

ett
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

ögon
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

andra
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

föll
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

Död
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

bröder
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

fader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Grav
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

tjugu
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

domare
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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