Domarboken 14

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1 När Simson en gång gick ned till Timna, fick han där i Timna se en kvinna, en av filistéernas döttrar.

2 Och när han kom upp därifrån, omtalade han det för sin fader och moder och sade: »Jag har i Timna sett en kvinna, en av filistéernas döttrar; henne mån I nu skaffa mig till hustru

3 Hans fader och moder sade till honom: »Finnes då ingen kvinna bland dina bröders döttrar och i hela mitt folk, eftersom du vill gå bort för att skaffa dig en hustru från de oomskurna filistéernaSimson sade till sin fader: »Skaffa mig denna, ty hon behagar mig.»

4 Men hans fader och moder visste icke att detta kom från HERREN, som sökte sak med filistéerna. På den tiden rådde nämligen filistéerna över Israel.

5 Och Simson gick med sin fader och moder ned till Timna; men just som de hade hunnit fram till vingårdarna vid Timna, kom ett ungt lejon rytande emot honom.

6 Då föll HERRENS Ande över honom, och han slet sönder lejonet, såsom hade han slitit sönder en killing, fastän han icke hade någonting i sin hand; men han talade icke om för sin fader och moder vad han hade gjort.

7 När han så kom ditned, talade han med kvinnan; och hon behagade Simson.

8 En tid därefter vände han tillbaka för att hämta henne och vek då av vägen för att se på det döda lejonet; då fick han i lejonets kropp se en bisvärm med honung.

9 Och han skrapade ut honungen i sina händer och åt därav, medan han gick, han kom så till sin fader och moder och gav dem, och de åto. Men han talade icke om för dem att det var ur lejonets kropp han hade skrapat honungen.

10 När nu hans fader kom ned till kvinnan, gjorde Simson där ett gästabud, ty så plägade de unga männen göra.

11 Och när de fingo se honom, skaffade de trettio bröllopssvenner, som skulle vara hos honom.

12 Till dem sade Simson: »Jag vill förelägga eder en gåta; om I under de sju gästabudsdagarna sägen mig lösningen på den och gissen rätt, så skall jag giva eder trettio fina linneskjortor och trettio högtidsdräkter.

13 Men om I icke kunnen säga mig lösningen, så skolen I giva mig trettio fina linneskjortor och trettio högtidsdräkter.» De sade till honom: »Förelägg oss din gåta, låt oss höra den.»

14 Då sade han till dem: »Från storätaren utgick ätbart, från den grymme kom sötma.» Men under tre dagar kunde de icke lösa gåtan.

15 På sjunde dagen sade de då till Simsons hustru: »Locka din man till att säga oss lösningen på gåtan; eljest skola vi bränna upp dig och din faders hus i eld. Icke haven I väl bjudit oss hit för att utarma oss

16 Då låg Simsons hustru över honom med gråt och sade: »Du hatar mig allenast och älskar mig alls icke; du har förelagt mina landsmän en gåta, men mig har du icke sagt lösningen på den.» Han svarade henne: »Icke ens åt min fader eller min moder har jag sagt lösningen; skulle jag då säga den åt dig?»

17 Men hon låg över honom med gråt under de sju dagar de höllo gästabudet. Och på sjunde dagen sade han henne lösningen, eftersom hon så hårt ansatte honom; sedan sade hon lösningen på gåtan åt sina landsmän.

18 Innan solen gick ned på sjunde dagen, gåvo honom alltså männen i staden det svaret: »Vad är sötare än honung, och vad är grymmare än ett lejon?» Men han sade till dem: »Haden I icke plöjt med min kviga, så haden I icke gissat min gåta.»

19 Och HERRENS Ande kom över honom, och han gick ned till Askelon och slog där ihjäl trettio män och tog deras kläder och gav högtidsdräkterna åt dem som hade sagt lösningen på gåtan. Och hans vrede upptändes, och han vände tillbaka upp till sin faders hus.

20 Då blev Simsons hustru given åt den av hans bröllopssvenner, som han hade haft till sin särskilda följesven.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 14: Samson’s Philistine wife.

At the time of Samson, the Philistines were fiercely oppressing Israel. The Philistines lived on the coast, and they may well have come from overseas. They lived in the region for about 600 years, and the Old Testament refers to many later conflicts with the Philistines.

One day, Samson saw a young Philistine woman in Timnath, and he asked his parents to get her for his wife. They asked why he did not choose an Israelite woman, but he insisted on marrying the woman he saw in Timnath, so they all went to meet her. On the way, Samson was attacked by a lion, and he tore it apart with his bare hands. After some time, when he passed by the same place, there was a swarm of bees and honey inside the lion’s carcass. He ate some of the honey, and even brought some of it to his parents, but he did not tell them where it came from.

The woman pleased Samson, and he arranged a feast to which thirty companions were invited. At the feast, Samson told them a riddle: “Out of the eater came something to eat, out of the strong came something sweet.” He said that if they solved the riddle in the seven days of the feast, he would give them thirty linen sheets and thirty changes of clothing. If not, they were to give him the same. They could not solve the riddle for three days, so they convinced Samson’s wife to beg him for the answer. At the end of seven days, the men answered Samson’s riddle, and he was furious.

Then the Lord’s spirit came upon Samson, and he killed thirty Philistine men from Ashkelon, took their garments, and gave these to the thirty men at the feast. His wife was given to his companion.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the powerful Philistines is believing faith is all-important, and does not require charity or good works in life — a fundamental spiritual error. This way of thinking is called ‘faith alone’ spirituality, and it can take many forms. The proximity of the Philistines to Israel is also significant, as it suggests that the temptation to prefer faith without considering charity is never far away (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 200[3]).

The pursuit of a Philistine wife reflects the alluring nature of faith without charity, an easy, complacent spirituality. The young lion represents the force of faith alone to hold us in its grip. The honey stands for the spiritual sweetness following regeneration, as we use our faith to expand our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5620[1]).

Samson’s riddle stands for the puzzling nature of the Word’s teachings to those living by faith alone. The number thirty stands for what is whole, in this instance, the completely opposing nature of faith alone and true spiritual living. The linen sheets and changes of clothing mean taking up a genuine spiritual life which involves repentance, living the by the Word, and acknowledging the Lord. Linen is the material of a priest’s robes, and stands for the highest spiritual truths (Arcana Caelestia 5319[7]).

This end of this story shows us that faith alone doubles back on itself, and leads to a completely external understanding of the Lord. This is seen in taking garments from the thirty dead Philistines and giving them to the Philistines from the feast. Samson’s wife, who was given to his Philistine companion, stands for the complete divide between faith alone and love for the Lord. Samson’s apparent anger is really the zeal of protecting the nature of true spiritual life, which comes from the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 365).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4855, 9836


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 619

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Významy biblických slov

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'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

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'Timnath' denotes state of consultation regarding the good of the church.

Se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

kvinna
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

filistéernas
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

döttrar
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

fader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

moder
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sett
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

hustru
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

oomskurna
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

filistéerna
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

visste
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

tiden
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

lejon
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

hand
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vände
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

tillbaka
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bisvärm
A bee (Isa. 7:19) signifies ratiocinations of falsity.

Honung
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

honungen
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

åt
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

gästabud
There are two kinds of feasts mentioned in the Bible. Some were held to commemorate specific, one-time events, such as the feast Abraham held to...

trettio
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

sju
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

säga
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

höra
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

tre
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

dagar
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hus
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eld
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hatar
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älskar
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sjunde
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staden
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

slog
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män
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vrede
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