Domarboken 10

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Domarboken 9   Domarboken 11 →         

1 Efter Abimelek uppstod till Israels frälsning Tola, son till Pua, son till Dodo, en man från Isaskar; och han bodde i Samir, i Efraims bergsbygd.

2 Han var domare i Israel i tjugutre år; sedan dog han och blev begraven i Samir.

3 Efter honom uppstod gileaditen Jair. Han var domare i Israel i tjugutvå år.

4 Han hade trettio söner, som plägade ridatrettio åsnor; och de hade trettio städer. Dessa kallar man ännu i dag Jairs byar, och de ligga i Gileads land.

5 Och Jair dog och blev begraven i Kamon.

6 Men Israels barn gjorde åter vad ont var i HERRENS ögon och tjänade Baalerna och Astarterna, så ock Arams, Sidons, Moabs, Ammons barns och filistéernas gudar och övergåvo HERREN och tjänade honom icke.

7 Då upptändes HERRENS vrede mot Israel, och han sålde dem i filistéernas och Ammons barns hand.

8 Och dessa plågade Israels barn och förforo våldsamt mot dem det året; i aderton år gjorde de så mot alla de israeliter som bodde på andra sidan Jordan, i amoréernas land, i Gilead.

9 Därtill gingo Ammons barn över Jordan och gåvo sig i strid också med Juda, Benjamin och Efraims hus, så att Israel kom i stor nöd.

10 ropade Israels barn till HERREN och sade: »Vi hava syndat mot dig, ty vi hava övergivit vår Gud och tjänat Baalerna

11 Men HERREN sade till Israels barn: »Har jag icke frälst eder från egyptierna, amoréerna, Ammons barn och filistéerna?

12 Likaledes bleven I förtryckta av sidonierna, amalekiterna och maoniterna; och när I ropaden till mig, frälste jag eder från deras hand.

13 Men I haven nu övergivit mig och tjänat andra gudar; därför vill jag icke mer frälsa eder.

14 Gån bort och ropen till de gudar som I haven utvalt; må de frälsa eder, om I nu ären i nöd.

15 Då sade Israels barn till HERREN: »Vi hava syndat; gör du med oss alldeles såsom dig täckes. Allenast rädda oss nu denna gång.»

16 Därefter skaffade de bort ifrån sig de främmande gudarna och tjänade HERREN. Då kunde han icke längre lida att se Israels vedermöda.

17 Och Ammons barn blevo uppbådade och lägrade sig i Gilead; men Israels barn församlade sig och lägrade sig i Mispa.

18 Då sade folket, nämligen de överste i Gilead, till varandra: »Vem vill begynna striden mot Ammons barn? Den som det vill skall bliva hövding över alla Gileads inbyggare.»

← Domarboken 9   Domarboken 11 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.

*****

This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

1 Mosebok 31:49

2 Mosebok 14:30

4 Mosebok 21:24, 35, 32:39, 41

5 Mosebok 13:6, 8, 32:38

Josua 13:26

Domarboken 2:11, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 3:13, 27, 28, 31, 4:3, 5:10, 6:1, 2, 3, 6, 8:33, 11:4, 6, 29, 12:8, 13:1

1 Samuelsboken 3:18, 7:4, 6, 12:9, 10, 13:6

1 Konungaboken 11:5

2 Konungaboken 3:13, 13:23

1 Krönikeboken 4:41

2 Krönikeboken 12:5, 15:2, 8, 21:10

Psaltaren 106:43, 45

Ordspråksboken 28:13

Jesaja 26:16, 46:7, 57:13

Jeremia 2:13, 19, 20, 28, 31:20

Hesekiel 20:39

Mika 7:18

Lukas 15:17

Významy biblických slov

efter
Enligt Swedenborg finns tid och rum inte i andlig verklighet; det är rent naturliga saker som bara finns på det fysiska planet. Det betyder att...

Abimelek
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

frälsning
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

Son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Isaskar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

bodde
'Inhabit' refers to good.

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

domare
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dog
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

trettio
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

söner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

rida
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

åsnor
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

städer
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

i dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Gileads
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Ont
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

ögon
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Baalerna
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

Moabs
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

Ammons
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

filistéernas
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

gudar
Herren är själv kärlek, uttryckt i form av visdom i sig. Kärlek är alltså Hans väsen, Hans inre. Vishet - den kärleksfulla förståelsen för hur...

vrede
Ilska är en känsla så vanligt för människor att den inte kräver någon definition. Men ett par intressanta punkter kan tas upp. 1) Herren är...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

israeliter
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

ropade
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

Gud
Herren är själv kärlek, uttryckt i form av visdom i sig. Kärlek är alltså Hans väsen, Hans inre. Vishet - den kärleksfulla förståelsen för hur...

egyptierna
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

filistéerna
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

amalekiterna
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

lägrade
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

Mispa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...


Přeložit: