Josua 15

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1917 års bibelöversättning         

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1 Juda barns stam fick, efter sina släkter, sin lott söderut intill Edoms gräns, intill öknen Sin, längst ned i söder.

2 Och deras södra gräns begynte vid ändan av Salthavet, vid dess sydligaste vik,

3 gick vidare söder om Skorpionhöjden och fram till Sin, drog sig så upp söder om Kades-Barnea, gick därefter framom Hesron och drog sig upp till Addar samt böjde sig sedan mot Karka.

4 Vidare gick den fram till Asmon och därifrån ut till Egyptens bäck; sedan gick gränsen ut vid havet. »Detta», sade han, »skall vara eder gräns i söder

5 Gränsen i öster var Salthavet ända till Jordans utlopp. Och gränsen på norra sidan begynte vid den vik av detta hav, där Jordan har sitt utlopp.

6 Därifrån drog sig gränsen upp mot Bet-Hogla och gick fram norr om Bet-Haaraba; vidare drog sig gränsen upp till Bohans, Rubens sons, sten.

7 Därefter drog sig gränsen upp till Debir från Akors dal i nordlig riktning mot det Gilgal som ligger mitt emot Adummimshöjden, söder om bäcken; sedan gick gränsen fram till Semeskällans vatten och så ut till Rogelskällan.

8 Vidare drog sig gränsen uppåt Hinnoms sons dal, söder om Jebus' höjd, det är Jerusalem; därefter drog sig gränsen upp till toppen av det berg som ligger gent emot Hinnomsdalen, västerut, i norra ändan av Refaimsdalen.

9 Och från toppen av detta berg drog sig gränsen fram till Neftoavattnets källa och vidare till städerna i Efrons bergsbygd; sedan drog sig gränsen till Baala, det är Kirjat-Jearim.

10 Och från Baala böjde sig gränsen åt väster mot Seirs bergsbygd och gick fram till Jearims bergshöjd, det är Kesalon, norr om denna, och gick så ned till Bet-Semes och framom Timna.

11 Vidare gick gränsen till Ekrons höjd, norrut; därefter drog sig gränsen till Sickeron, gick så framom berget Baala och därifrån ut till Jabneel; sedan gick gränsen ut vid havet.

12 Och gränsen i väster följde Stora havet; det utgjorde gränsen. Dessa voro Juda barns gränser runt omkring, efter deras släkter.

13 Men åt Kaleb, Jefunnes son, gavs, efter HERRENS befallning till Josua, en särskild del bland Juda barn, nämligen Arbas, Anaks faders, stad, det är Hebron.

14 Och Kaleb fördrev därifrån Anaks tre söner, Sesai, Ahiman och Talmai, Anaks avkomlingar.

15 Därifrån drog han upp mot Debirs invånare. Men Debir hette fordom Kirjat-Sefer.

16 Och Kaleb sade: ȁt den som angriper Kirjat-Sefer och intager det vill jag giva min dotter Aksa till hustru

17 När då Otniel, son till Kenas, Kalebs broder, intog det, gav han honom sin dotter Aksa till hustru.

18 Och när hon kom till honom, intalade hon honom att begära ett stycke åkermark av hennes fader; och hon steg hastigt ned från åsnan. Då sade Kaleb till henne: »Vad önskar du?»

19 Hon sade: »Giv mig en avskedsskänk; eftersom du har gift bort mig till det torra Sydlandet, må du giva mig vattenkällor.» Då gav han henne Illiotkällorna och Tatiotkällorna.

20 Detta var nu Juda barns stams arvedel, efter deras släkter.

21 Och de städer som lågo ytterst i Juda barns stam, mot Edoms gräns, i Sydlandet, voro: Kabseel, Eder, Jagur,

22 Kina, Dimona, Adada,

23 Kedes, Hasor och Jitnan,

24 Sif, Telem, Bealot,

25 Hasor-Hadatta, Keriot, Hesron, det är Hasor,

26 Amam, Sema, Molada,

27 Hasar-Gadda, Hesmon, Bet-Pelet,

28 Hasar-Sual, Beer-Seba och Bisjotja,

29 Baala, Ijim, Esem,

30 Eltolad, Kesil, Horma,

31 Siklag, Madmanna, Sansanna,

32 Lebaot, Silhim, Ain och Rimmon -- tillsammans tjugunio städer med sina byar.

33 I Låglandet: Estaol, Sorga, Asna,

34 Sanoa och En-Gannim, Tappua och Enam,

35 Jarmut och Adullam, Soko och Aseka,

36 Saaraim, Aditaim, Gedera och Gederotaim -- fjorton städer med sina byar;

37 Senan, Hadasa, Migdal-Gad,

38 Dilean, Mispe, Jokteel,

39 Lakis, Boskat, Eglon,

40 Kabbon, Lamas, Kitlis,

41 Gederot, Bet-Dagon, Naama och Mackeda -- sexton städer med sina byar;

42 Libna, Eter, Asan,

43 Jifta, Asna, Nesib,

44 Kegila, Aksib och Maresa -- nio städer med sina byar;

45 Ekron med underlydande städer och byar;

46 från Ekron till havet allt vad som ligger på sidan om Asdod samt dithörande byar;

47 vidare Asdod med underlydande städer och byar, Gasa med underlydande städer och byar ända till Egyptens bäck och fram till Stora havet, som utgjorde gränsen.

48 Och i Bergsbygden: Samir, Jattir, Soko,

49 Danna, Kirjat-Sanna, det är Debir,

50 Anab, Estemo, Anim,

51 Gosen, Holon och Gilo -- elva städer med sina byar;

52 Arab, Ruma, Esean,

53 Janum, Bet-Tappua, Afeka,

54 Humta, Kirjat-Arba, det är Hebron, och Sior -- nio städer med sina byar;

55 Maon, Karmel, Sif, Juta,

56 Jisreel, Jokdeam och Sanoa,

57 Kain, Gibea och Timna -- tio städer med sina byar;

58 Halhul, Bet-Sur, Gedor,

59 Maarat, Bet-Anot och Eltekon -- sex städer med sina byar;

60 Kirjat-Baal, det är Kirjat-Jearim, och Rabba -- två städer med sina byar;

61 I Öknen: Bet-Haaraba, Middin, Sekaka,

62 Nibsan, Ir-Hammela och En-Gedi -- sex städer med sina byar.

63 Men jebuséerna, som bodde i Jerusalem, kunde Juda barn icke fördriva; därför bodde ock jebuséerna kvar bland Juda barn i Jerusalem, såsom de göra ännu i dag.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Caelestia 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Významy biblických slov

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

söder
'South' denotes truth in light.

söderut
'South' denotes truth in light.

Edoms
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

gräns
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

öknen
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Egyptens
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

bäck
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

havet
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

hav
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Norr
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

sten
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

nordlig
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

vatten
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Efrons
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

Seirs
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Timna
'Thimnath,' as in Genesis 38:12, signifies a state of consultatoin for the church.

norrut
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

gränser
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

söner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

invånare
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

dotter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

hustru
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Kalebs
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

broder
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

fader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

arvedel
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

städer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

byar
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

Fjorton
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

Naama
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

Mackeda
'The cave of Makkedah,' as in Joshua 10:28, signifies dire falsity originating in evil.

Nio
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

Gasa
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

Gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

Karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

kain
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

Gibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

tio
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

sex
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

två
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

bodde
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

i dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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