Josua 12

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1 Dessa voro de konungar i landet, som Israels barn slogo, och vilkas land de togo i besittning på andra sidan Jordan, på östra sidan, landet från bäcken Arnon ända till berget Hermon, så ock hela Hedmarken på östra sidan:

2 Sihon, amoréernas konung, som bodde i Hesbon och rådde över landet Aroer vid bäcken Arnons strand och från dalens mitt, samt över ena hälften av Gilead ända till bäcken Jabbok, som är Ammons barns gräns,

3 ävensom över Hedmarken ända upp till Kinarotsjön, på östra sidan, och ända ned till Hedmarkshavet, Salthavet, på östra sidan, åt Bet-Hajesimot till, och längre söderut till trakten nedanför Pisgas sluttningar.

4 Vidare intogo de Ogs område, konungens i Basan, vilken var en av de sista rafaéerna och bodde i Astarot och Edrei.

5 Han rådde över Hermons bergsbygd och över Salka och hela Basan ända till gesuréernas och maakatéernas område, så ock över andra hälften av Gilead, till Sihons område, konungens i Hesbon.

6 HERRENS tjänare Mose och Israels barn hade slagit dessa; och HERRENS tjänare Mose hade givit landet till besittning åt rubeniterna, gaditerna och ena hälften av Manasse stam.

7 Och följande voro de konungar i landet, som Josua och Israels barn slogo på andra sidan Jordan, på västra sidan, från Baal-Gad i Libanonsdalen ända till Halakberget, som höjer sig mot Seir. (Josua gav sedan landet till besittning åt Israels stammar, efter deras avdelningar,

8 såväl Bergsbygden, Låglandet, Hedmarken och Bergssluttningarna som ock Öknen och Sydlandet, hetiternas, amoréernas, kananéernas, perisséernas, hivéernas och jebuséernas land.)

9 De voro: konungen i Jeriko en, konungen i Ai, som ligger bredvid Betel, en,

10 konungen i Jerusalem en, konungen i Hebron en,

11 konungen i Jarmut en, konungen i Lakis en,

12 konungen i Eglon en, konungen i Geser en,

13 konungen i Debir en, konungen i Geder en,

14 konungen i Horma en, konungen i Arad en,

15 konungen i Libna en, konungen i Adullam en,

16 konungen i Mackeda en, konungen i Betel en,

17 konungen i Tappua en, konungen i Hefer en,

18 konungen i Afek en, konungen i Lassaron en,

19 konungen i Madon en, konungen i Hasor en,

20 konungen i Simron-Meron en, konungen i Aksaf en,

21 konungen i Taanak en, konungen i Megiddo en,

22 konungen i Kedes en, konungen i Jokneam vid Karmel en,

23 konungen över Dor i Nafat-Dor en, konungen över Goim vid Gilgal en,

24 konungen i Tirsa en -- tillsammans trettioen konungar.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2913, 3527, 4270

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Významy biblických slov

Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

'Inhabit' refers to good.

'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

'The Rephaim' signify people who, above all others, were in the love of self, and so most completely natural. From the persuasion of their own...

“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

När Jacob hade sin berömda dröm, om en trappa som leder till himlen, kallade han platsen "Betel", som är hebreisk för "Guds hus." Den bokstavliga...

Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

'The cave of Makkedah,' as in Joshua 10:28, signifies dire falsity originating in evil.

'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.