Amos 1

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1 Detta är vad som talades av Amos, en bland herdarna från Tekoa, vad han skådade angående Israel i Ussias, Juda konungs, och Jerobeams, Joas' sons, Israels konungs, tid, två år före jordbävningen.

2 Han sade: HERREN upphäver ett rytande från Sion, och från Jerusalem låter han höra sin röst. Då försänkas herdarnas betesmarker i sorg, och Karmels topp förtorkas.

3 säger HERREN: Eftersom Damaskus har trefalt förbrutit sig, ja, fyrfalt, skall jag icke rygga mitt beslut: eftersom de hava tröskat Gilead med sina tröskvagnar av järn.

4 Därför skall jag sända en eld mot Hasaels hus, och den skall förtära Ben-Hadads palatser.

5 Jag skall bryta sönder Damaskus' bommar och utrota invånarna i Bikeat-Aven och spirans bärare i Bet-Eden; och Arams folk skall bliva bortfört till Kir, säger HERREN.

6 säger HERREN: Eftersom Gasa har trefalt förbrutit sig, ja, fyrfalt, skall jag icke rygga mitt beslut: eftersom de hava fört bort allt folket såsom fångar och överlämnat dem åt Edom.

7 Därför skall jag sända en eld mot Gasas murar, och den skall förtära dess palatser.

8 Jag skall utrota invånarna i Asdod och spirans bärare i Askelon; och jag skall vända min hand mot Ekron, så att filistéernas sista kvarleva förgås, säger Herren, HERREN.

9 säger HERREN: Eftersom Tyrus har trefalt förbrutit sig, ja, fyrfalt, skall jag icke rygga mitt beslut: eftersom de hava överlämnat allt folket såsom fångar åt Edom, utan att tänka på sitt brödraförbund.

10 Därför skall jag sända en eld mot Tyrus' murar, och den skall förtära dess palatser.

11 säger HERREN: Eftersom Edom har trefalt förbrutit sig, ja, fyrfalt, skall jag icke rygga mitt beslut: eftersom han har förföljt sin broder med svärd och förkvävt all barmhärtighet, och eftersom han oupphörligt har låtit sin vrede rasa och ständigt behållit sin förgrymmelse.

12 Därför skall jag sända en eld mot Teman, och den skall förtära Bosras palatser.

13 säger HERREN: Eftersom Ammons barn hava trefalt förbrutit sig, ja, fyrfalt, skall jag icke rygga mitt beslut: eftersom de hava uppristat havande kvinnor i Gilead, när de ville utvidga sitt område.

14 Därför skall jag tända upp en eld mot Rabbas murar, och den skall förtära dess palatser, under härskri på stridens dag, under storm på ovädrets dag.

15 Och deras konung skall vandra bort i fångenskap, han själv och hans hövdingar med honom, säger HERREN.



Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

Napsal(a) Joe David

Amos was a prophet in ancient Israel during the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah. His writings/sayings date from around 760-755 BC.

In his explanations of the inner meaning of the Word, Swedenborg summarizes the meaning of Amos's prophecies in his unpublished work, "The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms". We've used that text, and references made elsewhere by Swedenborg to these verses, and then the more general system of words and their symbolism that he described, to suggest the outlines of the internal sense of these Bible chapters.

In Amos 1:1-2, the verses describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

Napsal(a) Joe David

Amos was a prophet in ancient Israel during the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah. His writings/sayings date from around 760-755 BC.

In his explanations of the inner meaning of the Word, Swedenborg summarizes the meaning of Amos's prophecies in his unpublished work, "The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms". We've used that text, and references made elsewhere by Swedenborg to these verses, and then the more general system of words and their symbolism that he described, to suggest the outlines of the internal sense of these Bible chapters.

In Amos 1:1-2, the verses describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Caelestia 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Caelestia 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 343, 612


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Hosea 1:1, 10:8, 14:1

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Sakaria 9:1, 2, 3, 5, 14:5

Malaki 1:4

Významy biblických slov

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

röst
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

säger
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Damaskus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

Gilead
Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, was a boundary of the land of Canaan, in a wide sense. In the spiritual sense, it means "the...

Järn
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

eld
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

sönder
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

Eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

Gasa
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

filistéernas
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Tyrus
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

broder
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

svärd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

vrede
Ilska är en känsla så vanligt för människor att den inte kräver någon definition. Men ett par intressanta punkter kan tas upp. 1) Herren är...

Ammons
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

havande
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

konung
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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