Jueces 5

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Sagradas Escrituras (1569)         

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1 Y aquel día cantó Débora, con Barac, hijo de Abinoam, diciendo:

2 Porque ha vengado las injurias de Israel, porque el pueblo se ha ofrecido de su voluntad, load al SEÑOR.

3 Oíd, reyes; estad, oh príncipes, atentos; yo cantaré al SEÑOR, diré salmos al SEÑOR Dios de Israel.

4 Cuando saliste de Seir, oh SEÑOR, cuando te apartaste del campo de Edom, la tierra tembló, y los cielos destilaron, y las nubes gotearon aguas.

5 Los montes se derritieron delante del SEÑOR, aquel Sinaí, delante del SEÑOR Dios de Israel.

6 En los días de Samgar hijo de Anat, en los días de Jael, cesaron los caminos, y los que andaban por las sendas se apartaban por sendas torcidas.

7 Las aldeas habían cesado en Israel, habían cesado; hasta que yo Débora me levanté, me levanté madre en Israel.

8 Al escoger nuevos dioses, la guerra estaba a las puertas. ¿Se veía escudo o lanza entre cuarenta mil en Israel?

9 Mi corazón está por los príncipes de Israel, por los voluntarios en el pueblo; load al SEÑOR.

10 Vosotros los que cabalgáis en asnas blancas, los que presidís en juicio, y vosotros los que andáis por el camino, hablad.

11 A causa del estruendo de los arqueros, quitado de entre los que sacan las aguas, allí recuentan las justicias del SEÑOR, las justicias de sus aldeas en Israel. Ahora bajará el pueblo del SEÑOR a las puertas.

12 Levántate, levántate, Débora; levántate, levántate; profiere un cántico. Levántate, Barac, y lleva tus cautivos, hijo de Abinoam.

13 Ahora ha hecho que el que quedó del pueblo, señoree a los magníficos; el SEÑOR me hizo enseñorear sobre los fuertes.

14 De Efraín salió su raíz contra Amalec, tras ti vino Benjamín contra tus pueblos; de Maquir descendieron príncipes, y de Zabulón los que solían manejar punzón de escribiente.

15 Príncipes también de Isacar fueron con Débora; y también Isacar, como Barac se puso a pie en el valle. De las divisiones de Rubén son grandes los pensamientos del corazón.

16 ¿Por qué te quedaste entre las majadas, para oír los balidos de los rebaños? De las divisiones de Rubén grandes son los pensamientos del corazón.

17 Galaad se quedó al otro lado del Jordán; y Dan ¿por qué se estuvo junto a los navíos? Aser se asentó a la ribera del mar, y en sus quebraduras se quedó.

18 El pueblo de Zabulón expuso su vida a la muerte, y Neftalí en las alturas del campo.

19 Vinieron reyes y pelearon; entonces pelearon los reyes de Canaán en Taanac, junto a las aguas de Meguido, mas no llevaron ganancia alguna de dinero.

20 De los cielos pelearon; las estrellas desde sus caminos pelearon contra Sísara.

21 Los barrió el arroyo de Cisón, el antiguo arroyo, el arroyo de Cisón. Pisaste, oh alma mía, con fortaleza.

22 Los cascos de los caballos se embotaron entonces, por las pisadas, por las pisadas de sus valientes.

23 Maldecid a Meroz, dijo el ángel del SEÑOR; maldecid severamente a sus moradores, porque no vinieron en socorro al SEÑOR, en socorro al SEÑOR contra los fuertes.

24 Bendita sobre las mujeres Jael, mujer de Heber cineo; sobre las mujeres bendita sea en la tienda.

25 El pidió agua, y ella le dio leche; en tazón de nobles le presentó crema.

26 Su mano tendió a la estaca, y su diestra al mazo de trabajadores; y majó a Sísara; le quitó la cabeza; hirió, y atravesó sus sienes.

27 Cayó encorvado entre sus pies, quedó tendido; entre sus pies Cayó encorvado; donde se encorvó, allí Cayó muerto.

28 La madre de Sísara asomándose a la ventana aulla, mirando por entre las rejas, diciendo : ¿Por qué se detiene su carro, que no viene? ¿Por qué las ruedas de sus carros se tardan?

29 Las sabias mujeres de sus príncipes le respondían; y aun ella se respondía a sí misma.

30 ¿No han hallado despojos, y los están repartiendo? A cada uno una doncella, o dos; los despojos de colores para Sísara, los despojos bordados de colores; la ropa de color bordada de ambos lados, para el capitán de los que han tomado los despojos.

31 Así perezcan todos tus enemigos, oh SEÑOR; mas los que te aman, sean como el sol cuando nace en su fuerza. Y la tierra reposó cuarenta años.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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1 Corintios 2:9

Apocalipsis 12:11, 16:16

Významy biblických slov

Día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Hijo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

reyes
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

tembló
'To tremble,' as in Jeremiah 10:10, relates to the church when falsities are believed and called truths.

los cielos
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

Cielos
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

aguas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Dioses
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

guerra
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

puertas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

cuarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

corazón
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Camino
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

justicias
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

Efraín
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

raíz
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Amalec
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

Benjamín
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

príncipes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

Isacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

Pie
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

Valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

divisiones
Boundaries, mentioned in Judges 5:15, (in the common version, sheepfolds), signify knowledges and scientifics in the natural man ; and the bleatings of the flocks...

Rubén
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

oír
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Jordán
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Neftalí
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Canaán
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Meguido
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Ganancia
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

Dinero
'Money' relates to truth.

estrellas
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

Sísara
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

arroyo
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

alma
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

caballos
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ángel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

mujer
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

mujeres
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Tienda
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

agua
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Leche
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

crema
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

cabeza
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

cayó
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

pies
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

ventana
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

viene
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

lados
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Enemigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

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