Jueces 16

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Sagradas Escrituras (1569)         

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1 Y fue Sansón a Gaza, y vio allí una mujer ramera, y entró a ella.

2 Y fue dicho a los de Gaza: Sansón es venido acá. Y lo cercaron, y le pusieron espías toda aquella noche a la puerta de la ciudad; y estuvieron callados toda aquella noche, diciendo: Hasta la luz de la mañana; entonces lo mataremos.

3 Mas Sansón durmió hasta la medianoche; y a la medianoche se levantó, y tomando las puertas de la ciudad con sus dos pilares y su cerrojo, se las echó al hombro, y se fue, y se subió con ellas a la cumbre del monte que está delante de Hebrón.

4 Después de esto aconteció que se enamoró de una mujer en el valle de Sorec, la cual se llamaba Dalila.

5 Y vinieron a ella los príncipes de los filisteos, y le dijeron: Engáñale y sabe en qué consiste su fuerza tan grande, y cómo lo podríamos vencer, para que lo atemos y lo atormentemos; y cada uno de nosotros te dará mil cien siclos de plata.

6 Y Dalila dijo a Sansón: Yo te ruego que me declares en qué consiste tu fuerza tan grande, y cómo podrás ser atado para ser atormentado.

7 Y le respondió Sansón: Si me ataren con siete mimbres verdes que aún no estén enjutos, entonces me debilitaré, y seré como cualquiera de los demás hombres.

8 Y los príncipes de los filisteos le trajeron siete mimbres verdes que aún no estaban enjutos, y ella le ató con ellos.

9 Y los espías estaban escondidos en casa de ella en una cámara. Entonces ella le dijo: ¡Sansón, los filisteos sobre ti! Y él rompió los mimbres, como se rompe una cuerda de estopa cuando siente el fuego; y no se supo el secreto de su fuerza.

10 Entonces Dalila dijo a Sansón: He aquí tú me has engañado, y me has dicho mentiras: descúbreme, pues, ahora, yo te ruego, cómo podrás ser atado.

11 Y él le dijo: Si me ataren fuertemente con cuerdas nuevas, con las cuales ninguna cosa se haya hecho, yo me debilitaré, y seré como cualquiera de los demás hombres.

12 Y Dalila tomó cuerdas nuevas, y le ató con ellas, y le dijo: ¡Sansón, los filisteos sobre ti! Y los espías estaban en una cámara. Mas él rompió las cuerdas de sus brazos como un hilo.

13 Y Dalila dijo a Sansón: Hasta ahora me engañas, y tratas conmigo con mentiras. Descúbreme, pues, ahora, cómo podrás ser atado. El entonces le dijo: Si tejieres siete guedejas de mi cabeza con la tela.

14 Y ella las aseguró con la estaca, y le dijo: ¡Sansón, los filisteos sobre ti! Mas despertando él de su sueño, arrancó la estaca del telar con la tela.

15 Y ella le dijo: ¿Cómo dices: Yo te amo, pues que tu corazón no está conmigo? Ya me has engañado tres veces, y no me has descubierto aún en qué está tu gran fuerza.

16 Y aconteció que, apretándole ella cada día con sus palabras y moliéndolo, su alma fue reducida a mortal angustia.

17 Le descubrió, pues , todo su corazón, y le dijo: Nunca a mi cabeza llegó navaja; porque soy nazareo de Dios desde el vientre de mi madre. Si fuere rapado, mi fuerza se apartará de mí, y seré debilitado, y como todos los demás hombres.

18 Y viendo Dalila que él le había descubierto todo su corazón, envió a llamar a los príncipes de los filisteos, diciendo: Venid esta vez, porque él me ha descubierto todo su corazón. Y los príncipes de los filisteos vinieron a ella, trayendo en su mano el dinero.

19 Y ella hizo que él se durmiese sobre sus rodillas; y llamado un hombre, le rapó las siete guedejas de su cabeza, y comenzó a afligirlo, y su fuerza se apartó de él.

20 Y ella le dijo: ¡Sansón, los filisteos sobre ti! Y él, cuando se despertó de su sueño, dijo entre sí : Esta vez saldré como las otras, y me escaparé; no sabiendo que el SEÑOR ya se había apartado de él.

21 Mas los filisteos echaron mano de él, y le sacaron los ojos, y le llevaron a Gaza; y le ataron con cadenas de hierro, para que moliese en la cárcel.

22 Y el cabello de su cabeza comenzó a crecer, después que fue rapado.

23 Entonces los príncipes de los filisteos se juntaron para ofrecer un gran sacrificio a Dagón su dios, y para alegrarse; y dijeron: Nuestro dios entregó en nuestras manos a Sansón nuestro enemigo.

24 Y viéndolo el pueblo, loaron a su dios, diciendo: Nuestro dios entregó en nuestras manos a nuestro enemigo, y al destruidor de nuestra tierra, el cual había dado muerte a muchos de nosotros.

25 Y aconteció que, yéndose alegrando el corazón de ellos, dijeron: Llamad a Sansón, para que nos haga reir. Y llamaron a Sansón de la cárcel, y sirvió de diversión delante de ellos; y lo pusieron entre las columnas.

26 Y Sansón dijo al joven que le guiaba de la mano: Acércame, y hazme tentar las columnas sobre que se sustenta la casa, para que me apoye sobre ellas.

27 Y la casa estaba llena de hombres y mujeres; y todos los príncipes de los filisteos estaban allí; y sobre el techo había como tres mil hombres y mujeres, que estaban mirando el escarnio de Sansón.

28 Entonces clamó Sansón al SEÑOR, y dijo: SEÑOR DIOS, acuérdate ahora de mí, y esfuérzame ahora solamente esta vez, oh DIOS, para que de una vez tome venganza de los filisteos, por mis dos ojos.

29 Asió luego Sansón las dos columnas del medio sobre las cuales se sustentaba la casa, y estribó en ellas, la una con la mano derecha, y la otra con la izquierda;

30 y dijo Sansón: Muera yo con los filisteos. Y estribando con esfuerzo, cayó la casa sobre los príncipes, y sobre todo el pueblo que estaba en ella. Y fueron muchos más los que de ellos mató en su muerte, que los que había muerto en su vida.

31 Y descendieron sus hermanos y toda la casa de su padre, y le tomaron, y le llevaron, y le sepultaron entre Zora y Estaol, en el sepulcro de su padre Manoa. Y él juzgó a Israel veinte años.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5247, 9836

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 49

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

Sansón
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

mujer
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Ramera
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

Noche
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Puerta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Ciudad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Luz
4 de noviembre de 1879: Thomas Edison registró una patente para una bombilla de larga duración. 5 de noviembre de 1879: La bombilla fue universalmente...

Mañana
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

Medianoche
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

puertas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

hombro
'The shoulder' signifies all power. 'The shoulder,' as in Ezekiel 29:7, signifies the power or faculty of understanding truth. 'To dwell between his shoulders,' as...

monte
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Hebrón
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

después
Según Swedenborg, el tiempo y el espacio no existen en la realidad espiritual; son cosas puramente naturales que sólo existen en el plano físico. Esto...

Filisteos
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

nosotros
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

cien
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

plata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Siete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

casa
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

fuego
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

engañado
The spiritual meaning of being deceitful is pretty close to the literal meaning: According to the Writings it means using false thinking and logic to...

mentiras
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

brazos
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

cabeza
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

corazón
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

tres veces
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

palabras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

alma
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Nazareo
'A Nazarite' represents the celestial self.

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

vientre
'Womb,' as in Genesis 49:25, signifies the conjunction of good and truth. The term 'belly' is used where truths are being discussed, and the term...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

viendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Dinero
'Money' relates to truth.

rodillas
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

llamado
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

hombre
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ojos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Hierro
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

cabello
The hair is the very outermost part of the body, and "hair" in the Bible represents the outermost expression of whatever the body represents. In...

a
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Crecer
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Dagón
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

manos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

enemigo
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

joven
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

llena
There are two ways something can be filled: It can be filled with something bad against the wishes of its owner, or it can be...

hombres
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

mujeres
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

techo
'A house-top,' as mentioned in Matthew 24:13, signifies the superior state of a person, and consequently, his state as to good.

Venganza
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

Medio
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

cayó
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

muchos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Muerto
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

hermanos
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

veinte
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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