Jueces 15

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1 Y aconteció después de algunos días, que en el tiempo de la siega del trigo, Sansón visitó a su mujer con un cabrito, diciendo: Entraré a mi mujer a la cámara. Mas el padre de ella no lo dejó entrar.

2 Y dijo el padre de ella: Me persuadí que la aborrecías, y la di a tu compañero. Mas su hermana menor, ¿no es más hermosa que ella? Tómala, pues, en su lugar.

3 Y Sansón les respondió: Yo seré sin culpa esta vez para con los filisteos, si mal les hiciere.

4 Y fue Sansón y cogió trescientas zorras, y tomando teas, y trabando aquéllas por la cola, puso entre cada dos colas una tea.

5 Después , encendiendo las teas, echó las zorras en los sembrados de los filisteos, y quemó las mieses amontonadas y en pie, viñas y olivares.

6 Y dijeron los filisteos: ¿Quién hizo esto? Y les fue dicho: Sansón, el yerno del timnateo, porque le quitó su mujer y la dio a su compañero. Y vinieron los filisteos, y quemaron a fuego a ella y a su padre.

7 Entonces Sansón les dijo: ¿Así lo habíais de hacer? Mas yo me vengaré de vosotros, y después cesaré.

8 Y los hirió pierna y muslo con gran mortandad; y descendió, y asentó en la cueva de la peña de Etam.

9 Y los filisteos subieron y pusieron campamento en Judá, y se tendieron por Lehi.

10 Y los varones de Judá les dijeron: ¿Por qué habéis subido contra nosotros? Y ellos respondieron: A prender a Sansón hemos subido, para hacerle como él nos ha hecho.

11 Y vinieron tres mil hombres de Judá a la cueva de la peña de Etam, y dijeron a Sansón: ¿No sabes que los filisteos dominan sobre nosotros? ¿Por qué nos has hecho esto? Y él les respondió: Yo les he hecho como ellos me hicieron.

12 Ellos entonces le dijeron: Nosotros hemos venido para prenderte, y entregarte en mano de los filisteos. Y Sansón les respondió: Juradme que vosotros no me mataréis.

13 Y ellos le respondieron, diciendo: No; solamente te prenderemos, y te entregaremos en sus manos; mas no te mataremos. Entonces le ataron con dos cuerdas nuevas, y le hicieron venir de la peña.

14 Y cuando vino hasta Lehi, los filisteos le salieron a recibir con alarido; y el espíritu del SEÑOR cayó sobre él, y las cuerdas que estaban en sus brazos se volvieron como lino quemado con fuego, y las ataduras se cayeron de sus manos.

15 Y hallando a mano una quijada de asno aún fresca, extendió la mano y la tomó, e hirió con ella a mil hombres.

16 Entonces Sansón dijo: Con la quijada de un asno, un montón, dos montones; con la quijada de un asno herí mil varones.

17 Y acabando de hablar, echó de su mano la quijada, y llamó a aquel lugar Ramat-lehi (echamiento de la quijada ).

18 Y teniendo gran sed, clamó luego al SEÑOR, y dijo: Tú has dado esta gran salud por mano de tu siervo; ¿y moriré yo ahora de sed, y caeré en mano de los incircuncisos?

19 Entonces quebró Dios una muela que estaba en la quijada, y salieron de allí aguas, y bebió, y recobró su espíritu, y vivió. Por tanto llamó su nombre de aquel lugar , En-hacore (fuente del que llama ), el cual está en Lehi, hasta hoy.

20 Y juzgó a Israel en los días de los filisteos veinte años.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 15: Samson defeats the Philistines.

At the beginning of this chapter, we learn that the one who gave Samson’s wife to another man was his father-in-law, who thought that Samson truly hated her. He then offered Samson her younger sister instead, saying, “Is she not better? Take her.”

Samson, enraged, took three-hundred foxes and tied them tail-to-tail in pairs, with a lit torch between them. He then released them in the Philistines’ standing grain, vineyards and olive groves to burn up their crops, as revenge for the loss of his wife. In retaliation, the Philistines went and burned her and her father. In a final act of vengeance, Samson killed very many of the Philistines, then went to dwell in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

The Philistines went to Judah, stating their intent to arrest Samson, and the men of Judah passed on the message to him. Samson made the Judeans promise not to kill him themselves, but only to bind him with two new ropes before giving him to the Philistines as a prisoner.

When the Philistines came, Samson broke apart the ropes, and killed a thousand of them with the jawbone of a donkey. Then he threw the jawbone away, and complained to the Lord that he was thirsty. The Lord answered his cry for help by splitting the ground where the jawbone fell, so that Samson could drink the water that flowed from it.

The final verse of this chapter tells us that Samson judged Israel twenty years.


Samson’s marriage to a Philistine woman speaks to the appealing, or even enticing, nature of ‘faith alone’ spirituality, represented by the Philistines. We must stay on our guard, to ensure that we are not caught up in thinking that faith alone will save us. The father offers Samson his wife’s younger sister, saying she is even better, but Samson had already learned to be wary by that point.

The foxes, tied together with their tails lit on fire, vividly describes the twisted and destructive nature of faith alone, and the way it consumes our potential to lead a fruitful life. The Word often depicts the state of a nation or religion through a story illustrating its true nature (True Christian Religion 130)

The cycle of revenge between Samson and the Philistines represents our personal struggles during temptation and our wish to regenerate. Our whole effort during regeneration is to resist sins that might lure us in, and to maintain our intention to live the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 83[6]). The men of Judah who bind Samson represent our love for the Lord and for everything of the Lord, although this seems contradictory on a surface level. In this case, being ‘bound up’ means to be bound in our commitment to the Lord, so that we are restrained from doing evil (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 577[4]).

Samson stands for the power of the Word acting in our lives to assert what is true, to protect what must be upheld, and to defend against evils. He uses the jawbone of a donkey because a jawbone allows us to eat food (spiritually, nourishment from the Word), and also to proclaim the Lord’s truths. This gives us the power to expose and reject the belief that spirituality consists of faith alone (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 9049[6]).


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3519, 4871, 9836

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