Jueces 14

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1 Y descendiendo Sansón a Timnat, vio en Timnat a una mujer de las hijas de los filisteos.

2 Y subió, y lo declaró a su padre y a su madre, diciendo: Yo he visto en Timnat una mujer de las hijas de los filisteos; os ruego que me la toméis por mujer.

3 Y su padre y su madre le dijeron: ¿No hay mujer entre las hijas de tus hermanos, ni en todo mi pueblo, para que vayas tú a tomar mujer de los filisteos incircuncisos? Y Sansón respondió a su padre: Tómamela por mujer , porque ésta agradó a mis ojos.

4 Mas su padre y su madre no sabían que esto venía del SEÑOR, y que él buscaba ocasión contra los filisteos; porque en aquel tiempo los filisteos dominaban sobre Israel.

5 Y Sansón descendió con su padre y con su madre a Timnat; y cuando llegaron a las viñas de Timnat, he aquí un cachorro de león que venía bramando hacia él.

6 Y el Espíritu del SEÑOR cayó sobre él, y lo despedazó como quien despedaza un cabrito, sin tener nada en su mano; y no dio a entender a su padre ni a su madre lo que había hecho.

7 Vino pues, y habló a la mujer que había agradado a Sansón.

8 Y volviendo después de algunos días para tomarla, se apartó del camino para ver el cuerpo muerto del león, y he aquí en el cuerpo del león un enjambre de abejas, y un panal de miel.

9 Y tomándolo en sus manos, se fue comiéndolo por el camino; y cuando llegó a su padre y a su madre, les dio también a ellos que comiesen; mas no les descubrió que había tomado aquella miel del cuerpo muerto del león.

10 Vino, pues , su padre a la mujer, y Sansón hizo allí banquete; porque así solían hacer los jóvenes.

11 Y cuando ellos le vieron, tomaron treinta compañeros que estuviesen con él;

12 a los cuales Sansón dijo: Yo os propondré ahora un enigma, el cual si en los siete días del banquete vosotros me declarareis y descubriereis, yo os daré treinta sábanas y treinta mudas de vestidos.

13 Mas si no me lo supiereis declarar, vosotros me daréis las treinta sábanas y las treinta mudas de vestidos. Y ellos respondieron: Propon tu enigma, y lo oiremos.

14 Entonces les dijo: Del devorador salió comida, y del fuerte salió dulzura. Y ellos no pudieron declararle el enigma en tres días.

15 Y al séptimo día dijeron a la mujer de Sansón: Induce a tu marido a que nos declare este enigma, para que no te quememos a ti y a la casa de tu padre. ¿Nos habéis llamado aquí para despojarnos?

16 Y lloró la mujer de Sansón delante de él, y dijo: Solamente me aborreces y no me amas, pues que no me declaras el enigma que propusiste a los hijos de mi pueblo. Y él respondió: He aquí que ni a mi padre ni a mi madre lo he declarado; y ¿te lo había de declarar a ti?

17 Y ella lloró delante de él los siete días que ellos tuvieron banquete; mas al séptimo día él se lo declaró, porque le constriñó a ello ; y ella lo declaró a los hijos de su pueblo.

18 Y al séptimo día, antes que el sol se pusiese, los de la ciudad le dijeron: ¿Qué cosa hay más dulce que la miel? ¿Y qué cosa hay más fuerte que el león? Y él les respondió: Si no araseis con mi novilla, nunca hubierais descubierto mi enigma.

19 Y el Espíritu del SEÑOR cayó sobre él, y descendió a Ascalón, e hirió a treinta hombres de ellos; y tomando sus despojos, dio las mudas de vestidos a los que habían explicado el enigma; y encendido en enojo se fue a casa de su padre.

20 Y la mujer de Sansón fue dada a su compañero, con el cual él antes se acompañaba.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 14: Samson’s Philistine wife.

At the time of Samson, the Philistines were fiercely oppressing Israel. The Philistines lived on the coast, and they may well have come from overseas. They lived in the region for about 600 years, and the Old Testament refers to many later conflicts with the Philistines.

One day, Samson saw a young Philistine woman in Timnath, and he asked his parents to get her for his wife. They asked why he did not choose an Israelite woman, but he insisted on marrying the woman he saw in Timnath, so they all went to meet her. On the way, Samson was attacked by a lion, and he tore it apart with his bare hands. After some time, when he passed by the same place, there was a swarm of bees and honey inside the lion’s carcass. He ate some of the honey, and even brought some of it to his parents, but he did not tell them where it came from.

The woman pleased Samson, and he arranged a feast to which thirty companions were invited. At the feast, Samson told them a riddle: “Out of the eater came something to eat, out of the strong came something sweet.” He said that if they solved the riddle in the seven days of the feast, he would give them thirty linen sheets and thirty changes of clothing. If not, they were to give him the same. They could not solve the riddle for three days, so they convinced Samson’s wife to beg him for the answer. At the end of seven days, the men answered Samson’s riddle, and he was furious.

Then the Lord’s spirit came upon Samson, and he killed thirty Philistine men from Ashkelon, took their garments, and gave these to the thirty men at the feast. His wife was given to his companion.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the powerful Philistines is believing faith is all-important, and does not require charity or good works in life — a fundamental spiritual error. This way of thinking is called ‘faith alone’ spirituality, and it can take many forms. The proximity of the Philistines to Israel is also significant, as it suggests that the temptation to prefer faith without considering charity is never far away (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 200[3]).

The pursuit of a Philistine wife reflects the alluring nature of faith without charity, an easy, complacent spirituality. The young lion represents the force of faith alone to hold us in its grip. The honey stands for the spiritual sweetness following regeneration, as we use our faith to expand our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5620[1]).

Samson’s riddle stands for the puzzling nature of the Word’s teachings to those living by faith alone. The number thirty stands for what is whole, in this instance, the completely opposing nature of faith alone and true spiritual living. The linen sheets and changes of clothing mean taking up a genuine spiritual life which involves repentance, living the by the Word, and acknowledging the Lord. Linen is the material of a priest’s robes, and stands for the highest spiritual truths (Arcana Caelestia 5319[7]).

This end of this story shows us that faith alone doubles back on itself, and leads to a completely external understanding of the Lord. This is seen in taking garments from the thirty dead Philistines and giving them to the Philistines from the feast. Samson’s wife, who was given to his Philistine companion, stands for the complete divide between faith alone and love for the Lord. Samson’s apparent anger is really the zeal of protecting the nature of true spiritual life, which comes from the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 365).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4855, 9836


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 619

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Významy biblických slov

descendiendo
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Sansón
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

timnat
'Timnath' denotes state of consultation regarding the good of the church.

mujer
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Hijas
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Filisteos
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

visto
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

hermanos
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

incircuncisos
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

ojos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

descendió
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

viñas
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

león
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Camino
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

ver
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

abejas
A bee (Isa. 7:19) signifies ratiocinations of falsity.

panal
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

Miel
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

banquete
There are two kinds of feasts mentioned in the Bible. Some were held to commemorate specific, one-time events, such as the feast Abraham held to...

treinta
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Siete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

vestidos
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

declarar
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Día
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

marido
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

llamado
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

hijos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

declarado
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

séptimo
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Ciudad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

hombres
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

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Project | Ages 4 - 10

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Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Activity | Ages over 18

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Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

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Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
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