Josué 9

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1 Y aconteció que cuando oyeron estas cosas todos los reyes que estaban a este lado del Jordán, así en las montañas como en los llanos; y en toda la costa del gran mar delante del Líbano, los heteos, amorreos, cananeos, ferezeos, heveos, y jebuseos;

2 se juntaron a una, de un acuerdo, para pelear contra Josué e Israel.

3 Mas los moradores de Gabaón, cuando oyeron lo que Josué había hecho a Jericó y a Hai,

4 ellos usaron también de astucia; pues fueron y se fingieron embajadores, y tomaron sacos viejos sobre sus asnos, y cueros viejos de vino, rotos y remendados,

5 y zapatos viejos y recosidos en sus pies, con vestidos viejos sobre sí; y todo el pan que traían para el camino, seco y mohoso.

6 Así vinieron a Josué al campamento en Gilgal, y le dijeron a él y a los de Israel: Nosotros venimos de tierra muy lejana; haced pues ahora con Nosotros alianza.

7 Y los de Israel respondieron a los heveos: Por ventura vosotros habitáis en medio de nosotros. ¿Cómo pues podremos nosotros hacer alianza con vosotros?

8 Y ellos respondieron a Josué: Nosotros somos tus siervos. Y Josué les dijo: ¿Quién sois vosotros y de dónde venís?

9 Y ellos respondieron: Tus siervos han venido de muy lejanas tierras, por la fama del SEÑOR tu Dios; porque hemos oído su fama, y todas las cosas que hizo en Egipto,

10 y todo lo que hizo a los dos reyes de los amorreos que estaban al otro lado del Jordán; a Sehón rey de Hesbón, y a Og rey de Basán, que estaban en Astarot.

11 Por lo cual nuestros ancianos y todos los moradores de nuestra tierra nos dijeron: Tomad en vuestras manos provisión para el camino, e id al encuentro de ellos, y decidles: Nosotros somos vuestros siervos, y haced ahora con Nosotros alianza.

12 Este nuestro pan tomamos caliente de nuestras casas para el camino el día que salimos para venir a vosotros; y helo aquí ahora que está seco y mohoso.

13 Estos cueros de vino también los llenamos nuevos; helos aquí ya rotos; también estos nuestros vestidos y nuestros zapatos están ya viejos a causa de lo muy largo del camino.

14 Y los hombres de Israel tomaron de su provisión del camino, y no preguntaron a la boca del SEÑOR.

15 Y Josué hizo paz con ellos, y trató con ellos alianza que les dejaría la vida; también los príncipes de la congregación les juraron.

16 Pasados tres días después que hicieron con ellos el concierto, oyeron como eran sus vecinos, y que habitaban en medio de ellos.

17 Y salieron los hijos de Israel, y al tercer día llegaron a sus ciudades; y sus ciudades eran Gabaón, Cafira, Beerot, y Quiriat-jearim.

18 Y no los hirieron los hijos de Israel, por cuanto los príncipes de la congregación les habían jurado por el SEÑOR el Dios de Israel. Y toda la congregación murmuraba contra los príncipes.

19 Mas todos los príncipes respondieron a toda la congregación: Nosotros les hemos jurado por el SEÑOR Dios de Israel; por tanto, ahora no les podemos tocar.

20 Esto haremos con ellos: les dejaremos vivir, para que no venga ira sobre nosotros a causa del juramento que les hemos hecho.

21 Y los príncipes les dijeron: Vivan; mas sean leñadores y aguadores para toda la congregación, como los príncipes les han dicho.

22 Y llamándolos Josué, les habló diciendo: ¿Por qué nos habéis engañado, diciendo, Habitamos muy lejos de vosotros; una vez que moráis en medio de nosotros?

23 Vosotros pues ahora sois malditos, y no faltará de vosotros siervo, y quien corte la leña y saque el agua para la casa de mi Dios.

24 Y ellos respondieron a Josué, y dijeron: Como fue dado a entender a tus siervos, que el SEÑOR tu Dios había mandado a Moisés su siervo que os había de dar la tierra, y que había de destruir todos los moradores de la tierra delante de vosotros, por esto temimos en gran manera de vosotros por nuestras vidas, e hicimos esto.

25 Ahora pues, henos aquí en tu mano; lo que te pareciere bueno y recto hacer de nosotros, hazlo.

26 Y él lo hizo así; que los libró de la mano de los hijos de Israel, para que no los matasen.

27 Y Josué los constituyó aquel día por leñadores y aguadores para la congregación y para el altar del SEÑOR, en el lugar que él escogiese; lo que son hasta hoy.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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Významy biblických slov

reyes
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Jordán
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

montañas
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

costa
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Líbano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

heteos
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Gabaón
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Hai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

sacos
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

asnos
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

Zapatos
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

pies
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

vestidos
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

pan
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

Camino
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

seco
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

campamento
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

nosotros
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

siervos
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Tierras
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

Egipto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Rey
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hesbón
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Ancianos
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

manos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Día
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Largo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

después
Según Swedenborg, el tiempo y el espacio no existen en la realidad espiritual; son cosas puramente naturales que sólo existen en el plano físico. Esto...

hijos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Ciudades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

jurado
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

juramento
'To sware' is a binding.

habló
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

siervo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

agua
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mandado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

dar
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

bueno
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

altar
El primer altar mencionado en la Palabra fue construido por Noé después de salir del arca. En ese altar, sacrificó animales limpios al Señor. Las...

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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