Josué 6

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1 Pero Jericó estaba cerrada, bien cerrada, a causa de los hijos de Israel; nadie entraba, ni salía.

2 Mas el SEÑOR dijo a Josué: Mira, yo he entregado en tu mano a Jericó y a su rey, con sus varones de guerra.

3 Cercaréis pues la ciudad todos los hombres de guerra, yendo alrededor de la ciudad una vez; y esto haréis seis días.

4 Y siete sacerdotes llevarán siete trompetas de cuernos de carneros delante del arca; y al séptimo día daréis siete vueltas a la ciudad, y los sacerdotes tocarán las trompetas.

5 Y cuando tocaren prolongadamente el cuerno de carnero, así que oyereis el sonido de la trompeta, todo el pueblo gritará a gran voz, y el muro de la ciudad caerá debajo de sí; entonces el pueblo subirá cada uno en derecho de sí.

6 Y llamando Josué hijo de Nun a los sacerdotes, les dijo: Llevad el arca del pacto, y siete sacerdotes lleven siete trompetas de cuernos de carneros delante del arca del SEÑOR.

7 Y dijo al pueblo: Pasad, y cercad la ciudad; y los que están armados pasarán delante del arca del SEÑOR.

8 Y así que Josué hubo hablado al pueblo, los siete sacerdotes, llevando las siete trompetas de cuernos de carneros, pasaron delante del arca del SEÑOR, y tocaron las trompetas; y el arca del pacto del SEÑOR los seguía.

9 Y los armados iban delante de los sacerdotes que tocaban las trompetas, y la congregación iba detrás del arca, andando y tocando trompetas.

10 Y Josué mandó al pueblo, diciendo: Vosotros no daréis grita, ni se oirá vuestra voz, ni saldrá palabra de vuestra boca, hasta el día que yo os diga: Gritad; entonces daréis grita.

11 El arca pues del SEÑOR dio una vuelta alrededor de la ciudad, y volvieron luego al real, en el cual pasaron la noche.

12 Y Josué se levantó de mañana, y los sacerdotes tomaron el arca del SEÑOR.

13 Y los siete sacerdotes, llevando las siete trompetas de cuernos de carneros, fueron delante del arca del SEÑOR, andando siempre y tocando las trompetas; y los armados iban delante de ellos, y la congregación iba detrás del arca del SEÑOR, andando y tocando las trompetas.

14 Así dieron otra vuelta a la ciudad el segundo día, y volvieron al real; de esta manera hicieron por seis días.

15 Y al séptimo día se levantaron cuando subía el alba, y dieron vuelta a la ciudad de la misma manera siete veces; solamente este día dieron vuelta alrededor de ella siete veces.

16 Y cuando los sacerdotes hubieron tocado las trompetas la séptima vez, Josué dijo al pueblo: Dad grita, porque el SEÑOR os ha entregado la ciudad.

17 Mas la ciudad será anatema al SEÑOR, ella con todas las cosas que están en ella; solamente Rahab la ramera vivirá, con todos los que estuvieren en casa con ella, por cuanto escondió los mensajeros que enviamos.

18 Pero guardaos vosotros del anatema, que ni toquéis, ni toméis alguna cosa del anatema, para que no hagáis anatema el campamento de Israel, y lo turbéis.

19 Mas todo el oro, y la plata, y vasos de bronce y de hierro, sea consagrado al SEÑOR, y venga al tesoro del SEÑOR.

20 Entonces el pueblo dio grita, y los sacerdotes tocaron las trompetas; y aconteció que cuando el pueblo hubo oído el sonido de la trompeta, dio el pueblo grita con gran vocerío, y el muro cayó a plomo. El pueblo subió luego a la ciudad, cada uno derecho hacia adelante, y la tomaron.

21 Y destruyeron todo lo que había en la ciudad; hombres y mujeres, mozos y viejos, hasta los bueyes, y ovejas, y asnos, a filo de espada.

22 Mas Josué dijo a los dos varones que habían reconocido la tierra: Entrad en casa de la mujer ramera, y haced salir de allá a la mujer, y a todo lo que fuere suyo, como lo jurasteis.

23 Y los jóvenes espías entraron, y sacaron a Rahab, y a su padre, y a su madre, y a sus hermanos, y todo lo que era suyo; y también sacaron a toda su parentela, y los pusieron fuera en el campamento de Israel.

24 Y quemaron a fuego la ciudad, y todo lo que en ella había ; solamente pusieron en el tesoro de la casa del SEÑOR el oro, y la plata, y los vasos de bronce y de hierro.

25 Mas Josué dio la vida a Rahab la ramera, y a la casa de su padre, y a todo lo que ella tenía; y habitó ella entre los israelitas hasta hoy; por cuanto escondió los mensajeros que Josué envió a reconocer a Jericó.

26 Y en aquel tiempo Josué juró diciendo: Maldito sea delante del SEÑOR el hombre que se levantare y reedificare esta ciudad de Jericó. En su primogénito eche sus cimientos, y en su menor asiente sus puertas.

27 Fue, pues, el SEÑOR con Josué, y su nombre se divulgó por toda la tierra.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josué 6      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 6: The Fall of Jericho

Here, the first conflict for Israel in Canaan presents itself: the taking of the city of Jericho, which stands directly and obstinately in the path of the Israelites, preventing them from moving forward. This conflict embodies the whole essence and scope of all the rest of the conquests in the Joshua story, which in the inner meaning is to overcome and rule the things in our lives which oppose what God wants for us.

Jericho is to be taken with a siege, and God gives Joshua a procedure to follow: You shall march round the city once a day for six days in absolute silence. Seven priests shall carry seven rams’ horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march round the city seven times, and then the priests shall blow their trumpets. All the people are to shout with a huge shout, and then the walls of the city will fall down flat. And all the people are to go up and take the city.

This is quite unlike any other siege, where walls have to be scaled and fire catapulted in to burn things, but... this is a spiritual siege. The siege of Jericho represents how we are to lay siege to, or deal effectively with, our own evils and tendencies. It is the description blueprint for the battle between good and evil, which is our battle too. (See Doctrine of Faith 50).

In the Bible, Jericho is sometimes called the ‘city of palm trees’, giving a lovely idea of it. Its name means “a place of fragrance”, or, “his (the Lord’s) sweet breath”. It sounds perfect, but this has been usurped by invaders and takers who are now in complete possession of this sweet city and who will hold on for all they're worth (Apocalypse Explained 502[11]). This is really an account of the influence of hell in human life, and especially our unregenerate lives, when we are open to whatever feels self-gratifying.

Jericho, we hear, is shut up tight. It is not going to be an easy matter – because the work of regeneration never is – but this also describes hell’s fear; it is shut up tight because of the Israelites (Heaven and Hell 543). In us, when we become aware of a better way to live and we want to follow the Lord - whose yoke is easy and whose burden is light - hell will soon hit back in some devious imperceptible way to hold on to what it has got. It is scared of losing us.

This takes us to the siege and its tactics. The march once a day around the city for six days, carrying the ark, is to see every part of our situation from every angle, and it is also to parade our worship and adoration of the Lord (by parading the ark). The time period, six days, is always to do with the work involved in our regeneration as we see evil and shun it, pray to God, stand back and determine. (Arcana Caelestia 10373)

The seventh day involves seven marches round the city, then the trumpets and the shouts. This is the culmination, the Sabbath. For us, it is the avowal that we know the Lord is now ruling our will and our life and there will be no turning back or weakness of giving in. Jericho is now taken! The command is that every living thing in the city is to be completely destroyed because we must be unrelenting against all the things in our lives that go against God.

The gold, the silver, and the vessels of brass and iron, were put into the treasury of the house of Jehovah. The "gold and silver" represent the knowledges of spiritual truth and good, and "the vessels of brass and iron" represent knowledges of natural truth and good. In the profane hands of the idolaters of Jericho, those knowledges could be tools to serve dire falsities and evils. In the house of Jehovah, they could be serviceable knowledges, applied to good ends - hence their being salvaged. (See Heaven and Hell 487)

The prostitute Rahab (who had hidden Israel’s spies and confessed the Lord’s power) and all her family are brought out and given safekeeping. For us, this is the acknowledgement of the truth that we are sinful (as she was) and that if it were not for the Lord we would plunge into who knows what. But now we know and confess the power and truth of God. And then, the Israelites burn the city with fire and Joshua pronounces a curse on anyone who ever rebuilds this city. We are to abhor evil for what it is and be faithful to the Lord our God.

The story of the destruction of Jericho is then the pattern for all our resistance and resolve in seeing and overcoming evil, while confessing, as we do this, that the battle is the Lord’s. (Charity 166)

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 6      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 6: The Fall of Jericho

Here, the first conflict for Israel in Canaan presents itself: the taking of the city of Jericho, which stands directly and obstinately in the path of the Israelites, preventing them from moving forward. This conflict embodies the whole essence and scope of all the rest of the conquests in the Joshua story, which in the inner meaning is to overcome and rule the things in our lives which oppose what God wants for us.

Jericho is to be taken with a siege, and God gives Joshua a procedure to follow: You shall march round the city once a day for six days in absolute silence. Seven priests shall carry seven rams’ horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march round the city seven times, and then the priests shall blow their trumpets. All the people are to shout with a huge shout, and then the walls of the city will fall down flat. And all the people are to go up and take the city.

This is quite unlike any other siege, where walls have to be scaled and fire catapulted in to burn things, but... this is a spiritual siege. The siege of Jericho represents how we are to lay siege to, or deal effectively with, our own evils and tendencies. It is the description blueprint for the battle between good and evil, which is our battle too. (See Doctrine of Faith 50).

In the Bible, Jericho is sometimes called the ‘city of palm trees’, giving a lovely idea of it. Its name means “a place of fragrance”, or, “his (the Lord’s) sweet breath”. It sounds perfect, but this has been usurped by invaders and takers who are now in complete possession of this sweet city and who will hold on for all they're worth (Apocalypse Explained 502[11]). This is really an account of the influence of hell in human life, and especially our unregenerate lives, when we are open to whatever feels self-gratifying.

Jericho, we hear, is shut up tight. It is not going to be an easy matter – because the work of regeneration never is – but this also describes hell’s fear; it is shut up tight because of the Israelites (Heaven and Hell 543). In us, when we become aware of a better way to live and we want to follow the Lord - whose yoke is easy and whose burden is light - hell will soon hit back in some devious imperceptible way to hold on to what it has got. It is scared of losing us.

This takes us to the siege and its tactics. The march once a day around the city for six days, carrying the ark, is to see every part of our situation from every angle, and it is also to parade our worship and adoration of the Lord (by parading the ark). The time period, six days, is always to do with the work involved in our regeneration as we see evil and shun it, pray to God, stand back and determine. (Arcana Caelestia 10373)

The seventh day involves seven marches round the city, then the trumpets and the shouts. This is the culmination, the Sabbath. For us, it is the avowal that we know the Lord is now ruling our will and our life and there will be no turning back or weakness of giving in. Jericho is now taken! The command is that every living thing in the city is to be completely destroyed because we must be unrelenting against all the things in our lives that go against God.

The gold, the silver, and the vessels of brass and iron, were put into the treasury of the house of Jehovah. The "gold and silver" represent the knowledges of spiritual truth and good, and "the vessels of brass and iron" represent knowledges of natural truth and good. In the profane hands of the idolaters of Jericho, those knowledges could be tools to serve dire falsities and evils. In the house of Jehovah, they could be serviceable knowledges, applied to good ends - hence their being salvaged. (See Heaven and Hell 487)

The prostitute Rahab (who had hidden Israel’s spies and confessed the Lord’s power) and all her family are brought out and given safekeeping. For us, this is the acknowledgement of the truth that we are sinful (as she was) and that if it were not for the Lord we would plunge into who knows what. But now we know and confess the power and truth of God. And then, the Israelites burn the city with fire and Joshua pronounces a curse on anyone who ever rebuilds this city. We are to abhor evil for what it is and be faithful to the Lord our God.

The story of the destruction of Jericho is then the pattern for all our resistance and resolve in seeing and overcoming evil, while confessing, as we do this, that the battle is the Lord’s. (Charity 166)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 728, 2799, 2838, 2973, 5955, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 397, 529

Doctrina de Vida para la Nueva Jerusalén 59

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 55, 458, 502, 700

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Deuteronomio 2:34, 7:2, 26, 13:16, 17, 23:10

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Jueces 1:25, 7:22

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2 Reyes 2:4, 5:10, 14

1 Crónicas 14:17, 18:11

2 Crónicas 13:15, 20:22

Ester 9:4

Sofonías 1:16

Hebreos 11:30, 31

Významy biblických slov

Jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

hijos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Josué
Josué se menciona por primera vez en el Éxodo 17, donde se le dice que seleccione hombres para luchar por los hijos de Israel contra...

Mira
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Rey
La mente humana se compone de dos partes, una voluntad y un entendimiento, sede de los amores y afectos, y una sede de la sabiduría...

Ciudad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

guerra
La guerra en la palabra representa el combate de la tentación cuando lo que es bueno es asaltado por lo que es malo o falso....

alrededor
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Siete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

trompetas
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

cuernos
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

arca
Hay tres arcas mencionadas en la Palabra, el arca de Noé, el arca de los juncos para el bebé Moisés, y el arca del pacto...

séptimo
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Día
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

cuerno
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

trompeta
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

pueblo
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

voz
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

Hijo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hablado
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

detrás
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

grita
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

palabra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Mañana
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

se levantaron
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

siete veces
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Ramera
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

mensajeros
'A messenger' signifies communication.

campamento
Los campamentos en la Biblia representan el orden espiritual: el conjunto de deseos de bien de una persona (o de una comunidad eclesiástica) y de...

oro
El oro significa el bien, y así como el oro era el metal más precioso conocido por la humanidad antigua, también representa el bien de...

plata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

vasos
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

de bronce
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

bronce
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

Hierro
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

tesoro
'Treasure,' as in Matthew 13:44, signifies divine truth in the Word.

cayó
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

hombres
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

mujeres
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

asnos
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

mujer
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

jóvenes
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

espías
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

padre
Padre en la Palabra significa lo más interior, y en las cosas que siguen el orden del Señor, significa lo que es bueno. En el...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

hermanos
Hay dos formas de utilizar "hermano" en la Biblia, formas que todavía se reflejan en el lenguaje moderno. Una denota una relación sanguínea real; la...

fuego
El fuego, en el sentido espiritual, puede significar tanto el amor como el odio dependiendo del contexto, al igual que el fuego natural puede ser...

casa
Muchos pueblos eran nómadas en los tiempos bíblicos, especialmente en los del Antiguo Testamento, y vivían en tiendas que podían ser golpeadas, trasladadas y levantadas...

habitó
Muchos pueblos eran nómadas en los tiempos bíblicos, especialmente en los del Antiguo Testamento, y vivían en tiendas que podían ser golpeadas, trasladadas y levantadas...

israelitas
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

juró
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

hombre
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Primogénito
Cuando la Biblia habla de generaciones u orden de nacimiento, el significado interno tiene que ver con la progresión de los estados espirituales y su...

Cimientos
A foundation signifies truth on which heaven and the church, and its doctrines are founded.

puertas
En un sentido general, las puertas en la Biblia representan los deseos iniciales del bien y los conceptos de la verdad que introducen a las...

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 Battle of Jericho Review Questions
Use words from a word bank to complete sentences about the battle of Jericho.
Activity | All Ages

 Build a Diorama of the City of Jericho
Use pipecleaners and paper to make a model of the city of Jericho, the first city Israel conquered in the conquest of Canaan.
Project | All Ages

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Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Walls of Jericho
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Conquest of Jericho
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Destruction of Jericho
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Destruction of Jericho
The destruction of Jericho shows us that the voice of the Lord is powerful and that He can help us fight our battles as well. Sample from the Jacob's Ladder Program, Level 4, for ages 9-10.
Religion Lesson | Ages 9 - 10

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Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Taking of Jericho
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Walls of Jericho
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Walls of Jericho
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Walls Tumble Down
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Why Was Joshua a Hero?
Read clues from Deuteronomy and Joshua to discover why Joshua was a hero.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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