Josué 4

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1 Y cuando toda la gente hubo acabado de pasar el Jordán, el SEÑOR habló a Josué, diciendo:

2 Tomad del pueblo doce varones, de cada tribu uno,

3 y mandadles, diciendo: Tomaos de aquí del medio del Jordán, del lugar donde están firmes los pies de los sacerdotes, doce piedras, las cuales pasaréis con vosotros, y las asentaréis en el alojamiento donde habéis de tener la noche.

4 Entonces Josué llamó doce varones, los cuales él ordenó de entre los hijos de Israel, de cada tribu uno;

5 y les dijo Josué: Pasad delante del arca del SEÑOR vuestro Dios por medio del Jordán; y cada uno de vosotros tome una piedra sobre su hombro, conforme al número de las tribus de los hijos de Israel;

6 para que esto sea señal entre vosotros; y cuando vuestros hijos preguntaren a sus padres mañana, diciendo: ¿Qué os significan estas piedras?

7 Les responderéis: Que las aguas del Jordán fueron partidas delante del arca del pacto del SEÑOR cuando ella pasó el Jordán, las aguas del Jordán se partieron; y estas piedras serán por memoria a los hijos de Israel para siempre.

8 Y los hijos de Israel lo hicieron así como Josué les mandó; que levantaron doce piedras del medio del Jordán, como el SEÑOR lo había dicho a Josué, conforme al número de las tribus de los hijos de Israel, y las pasaron consigo al alojamiento, y las asentaron allí.

9 Josué también levantó doce piedras en medio del Jordán, en el lugar donde estuvieron los pies de los sacerdotes que llevaban el arca del pacto; y han estado allí hasta hoy.

10 Y los sacerdotes que llevaban el arca se pararon en medio del Jordán, hasta tanto que se acabó todo lo que el SEÑOR había mandado a Josué que hablase al pueblo, conforme a todas las cosas que Moisés había mandado a Josué; y el pueblo se dio prisa y pasó.

11 Y cuando todo el pueblo acabó de pasar, pasó también el arca del SEÑOR, y los sacerdotes, en presencia del pueblo.

12 También los hijos de Rubén y los hijos de Gad, y la media tribu de Manasés, pasaron armados delante de los hijos de Israel, según Moisés les había dicho.

13 Como cuarenta mil hombres armados a punto pasaron hacia la campiña de Jericó delante del SEÑOR a la guerra.

14 En aquel día el SEÑOR engrandeció a Josué en ojos de todo Israel; y le temieron, como habían temido a Moisés, todos los días de su vida.

15 Y el SEÑOR habló a Josué, diciendo:

16 Manda a los sacerdotes que llevan el arca del testimonio, que suban del Jordán.

17 Y Josué mandó a los sacerdotes, diciendo: Subid del Jordán.

18 Y aconteció que cuando los sacerdotes que llevaban el arca del pacto del SEÑOR, subieron del medio del Jordán, y las plantas de los pies de los sacerdotes estuvieron en seco, las aguas del Jordán se volvieron a su lugar, corriendo como antes sobre todos sus bordes.

19 Y el pueblo subió del Jordán el diez del mes primero, y asentaron el campamento en Gilgal, al lado oriental de Jericó.

20 Y Josué erigió en Gilgal las doce piedras que habían traído del Jordán.

21 Y habló a los hijos de Israel, diciendo: Cuando mañana preguntaren vuestros hijos a sus padres, y dijeren: ¿Qué os significan estas piedras?

22 Declararéis a vuestros hijos, diciendo: Israel pasó en seco por este Jordán.

23 Porque el SEÑOR vuestro Dios secó las aguas del Jordán delante de vosotros, hasta que habíais pasado, a la manera que el SEÑOR vuestro Dios lo había hecho en el mar Bermejo, al cual secó delante de nosotros hasta que pasamos;

24 para que todos los pueblos de la tierra conozcan la mano del SEÑOR, que es fuerte; para que temáis al SEÑOR vuestro Dios todos los días.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrina de Vida para la Nueva Jerusalén 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Éxodo 9:16, 11:3, 12:14, 26, 28, 14:31, 15:19, 24:4

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Josué 1:14, 17, 3:7, 12, 15, 16, 17, 4:6, 21, 5:9, 9:6, 24:11

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Významy biblických slov

Pasar
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Jordán
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

habló
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

uno
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Medio
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

pies
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

piedras
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

alojamiento
An inn' signifies a place of instruction. An inn' signifies the exterior natural level in general. This cannot be confirmed from parallel passages in the...

Noche
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

hijos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

arca
Hay tres arcas mencionadas en la Palabra, el arca de Noé, el arca de los juncos para el bebé Moisés, y el arca del pacto...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

piedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

aguas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Siempre
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mandado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

prisa
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

Rubén
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Manasés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

cuarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

guerra
La guerra en la palabra representa el combate de la tentación cuando lo que es bueno es asaltado por lo que es malo o falso....

Día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ojos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

temido
El miedo a lo desconocido y el miedo al cambio son ideas comunes, y juntas cubren un amplio espectro de los miedos que tendemos a...

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

Mes
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

primero
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Padres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

pasado
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

bermejo
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

nosotros
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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Project | Ages 4 - 10

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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