Josué 18

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1 Y toda la congregación de los hijos de Israel se juntó en Silo, y asentaron allí el Tabernáculo del Testimonio, después que la tierra les fue sujeta.

2 Mas habían quedado en los hijos de Israel siete tribus, a las cuales aún no habían partido su posesión.

3 Y Josué dijo a los hijos de Israel: ¿Hasta cuándo seréis negligentes para venir a poseer la tierra que os ha dado el SEÑOR el Dios de vuestros padres?

4 Señalad tres varones de cada tribu, para que yo los envíe, y que ellos se levanten, y anden la tierra, y la dibujen conforme a sus heredades, y se tornen a mí.

5 Y la repartirán en siete partes; y Judá estará en su término al mediodía, y los de la casa de José estarán en el suyo al norte.

6 Vosotros, pues, dibujaréis la tierra en siete partes, y me traeréis la descripción aquí, y yo os echaré las suertes aquí delante del SEÑOR nuestro Dios.

7 Pero los levitas ninguna parte tienen entre vosotros; porque el sacerdocio del SEÑOR es la heredad de ellos; Gad también y Rubén, y la media tribu de Manasés, ya han recibido su heredad del otro lado del Jordán al oriente, la cual les dio Moisés siervo del SEÑOR.

8 Levantándose pues aquellos varones, fueron; y mandó Josué a los que iban para dibujar la tierra, diciéndoles: Id, recorred la tierra, y dibujadla, y tornad a mí, para que yo os eche las suertes aquí delante del SEÑOR en Silo.

9 Fueron pues aquellos varones y pasearon la tierra, dibujándola por ciudades en siete partes en un libro, y tornaron a Josué al campo en Silo.

10 Y Josué les echó las suertes delante del SEÑOR en Silo; y allí repartió Josué la tierra a los hijos de Israel por sus porciones.

11 Y subió la suerte de la tribu de los hijos de Benjamín por sus familias; y salió el término de su suerte entre los hijos de Judá y los hijos de José.

12 Y fue el término de ellos al lado del norte desde el Jordán; y sube aquel término al lado de Jericó al norte; sube después al monte hacia el occidente, y viene a salir al desierto de Bet-avén;

13 y de allí pasa aquel término a Luz, por el lado de Luz (ésta es Bet-el) hacia el mediodía. Y desciende este término de Atarot-adar al monte que está al mediodía de Bet-horón la de abajo.

14 Y torna este término, y da vuelta al lado del mar, al mediodía hasta el monte que está delante de Bet-horón al mediodía; y viene a salir a Quiriat-baal, que es Quiriat-jearim, ciudad de los hijos de Judá. Este es el lado del occidente.

15 Y el lado del mediodía es desde el cabo de Quiriat-jearim, y sale el término al occidente, y sale a la fuente de las aguas de Neftoa;

16 y desciende este término al cabo del monte que está delante del valle del hijo de Hinom, que está en la campiña de los gigantes hacia el norte; desciende luego al valle de Hinom, al lado del jebuseo al mediodía, y de allí desciende a la fuente de Rogel;

17 y del norte torna y sale a En-semes, y de allí sale a Gelilot, que está delante de la subida de Adumín, y descendía a la piedra de Bohán, hijo de Rubén;

18 y pasa al lado que está delante de la campiña del norte, y desciende a los llanos;

19 y torna a pasar este término por el lado de Bet-hogla hacia el norte, y viene a salir el término a la lengua del mar Salado al norte, al cabo del Jordán al mediodía. Este es el término de hacia el mediodía.

20 Y el Jordán acaba este término al lado del oriente. Esta es la heredad de los hijos de Benjamín por sus términos alrededor, conforme a sus familias.

21 Las ciudades de la tribu de los hijos de Benjamín, por sus familias, fueron Jericó, Bet-hogla, y el valle de Casis,

22 Bet-arabá, Zemaraim, y Bet-el;

23 y Avim, y Pará, y Ofra,

24 y Quefar-haamoni, Ofni, y Geba; doce ciudades con sus aldeas:

25 Gabaón, Ramá, Beerot,

26 y Mizpa, Cafira, y Mozah,

27 Requem, Irpeel y Tarala,

28 y Zela, Elef, Jebús, que es Jerusalén, Gabaa, y Quiriat; catorce ciudades con sus aldeas. Esta es la heredad de los hijos de Benjamín, conforme a sus familias.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Génesis 28:19, 35:24

Números 32:22

Josué 1:6, 6:1, 9:3, 17, 12:6, 13:1, 14, 16, 17, 14:2, 5, 15:1, 5, 8, 12, 16:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 18:13, 22, 19:29, 51, 21:2, 17, 22:19, 23:4

Jueces 1:16, 21, 11:34, 18:9, 31, 19:10, 12, 13, 20:1, 21:12

1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 7:5, 6, 16, 10:26, 13:3, 17

2 Samuel 2:9, 4:2, 5:25, 21:14, 23:31

1 Reyes 15:17, 22

2 Reyes 23:8, 25:23

1 Crónicas 8:28, 29, 24:5

2 Crónicas 13:4

Esdras 2:26

Nehemías 11:1, 31, 33

Salmos 78:60

Isaías 10:29

Jeremías 6:1, 7:12, 31:15, 40:6

Ezequiel 48:23, 29

Miqueas 1:10

Hechos 7:45, 13:19

Hebreos 4:8, 11

Významy biblických slov

congregación
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

hijos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

tabernáculo
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Siete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

Padres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

término
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Mediodía
'South' denotes truth in light.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

José
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

suertes
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Sacerdocio
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Rubén
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Manasés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Jordán
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

siervo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Ciudades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Benjamín
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Familias
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

del Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

monte
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Desierto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

bet-el
Cuando Jacob tuvo su famoso sueño, de una escalera que lleva al cielo, llamó al lugar "Betel", que en hebreo significa "la casa de Dios"....

abajo
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Ciudad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Fuente
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Hijo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Gigantes
'The Rephaim' signify people who, above all others, were in the love of self, and so most completely natural. From the persuasion of their own...

hacia el norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

piedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Pasar
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

lengua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

salado
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

Gabaón
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

ramá
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

Jerusalén
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Gabaa
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

Catorce
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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