Josué 17

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Sagradas Escrituras (1569)         

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1 Y tuvo también suerte la tribu de Manasés, porque fue primogénito de José. Maquir, primogénito de Manasés, y padre de Galaad, el cual fue hombre de guerra, tuvo a Galaad y a Basán.

2 Tuvieron también suerte los otros hijos de Manasés conforme a sus familias: los hijos de Abiezer, y los hijos de Helec, y los hijos de Asriel, y los hijos de Siquem, y los hijos de Hefer, y los hijos de Semida; éstos fueron los hijos varones de Manasés hijo de José, por sus familias.

3 Pero Zelofehad, hijo de Hefer, hijo de Galaad, hijo de Maquir, hijo de Manasés, no tuvo hijos, sino hijas, los nombres de las cuales son éstos: Maala, Noa, Hogla, Milca, y Tirsa.

4 Estas vinieron delante de Eleazar sacerdote, y de Josué hijo de Nun, y de los príncipes, y dijeron: El SEÑOR mandó a Moisés que nos diese herencia entre nuestros hermanos. Y él les dio herencia entre los hermanos del padre de ellas, conforme al dicho del SEÑOR.

5 Y cayeron a Manasés diez suertes a más de la tierra de Galaad y de Basán, que está al otro lado del Jordán;

6 porque las hijas de Manasés poseyeron herencia entre sus hijos; y la tierra de Galaad fue de los otros hijos de Manasés.

7 Y fue el término de Manasés desde Aser hasta Micmetat, la cual está delante de Siquem; y va este término a la mano derecha, a los que habitan en En-Tapúa.

8 Y la tierra de Tapúa fue de Manasés; pero la Tapúa que está junto al término de Manasés, es de los hijos de Efraín.

9 Y desciende este término al arroyo de Caná, hacia el mediodía del arroyo. Estas ciudades de Efraín están entre las ciudades de Manasés; y el término de Manasés es desde el norte del mismo arroyo, y sus salidas son al mar.

10 Efraín al mediodía, y Manasés al norte, y el mar es su término; y se encuentran con Aser a la parte del norte, y con Isacar al oriente.

11 Tuvo también Manasés en Isacar y en Aser a Bet-seán y sus aldeas, e Ibleam y sus aldeas, y los moradores de Dor y sus aldeas, y los moradores de Endor y sus aldeas, y los moradores de Taanac y sus aldeas, y los moradores de Meguido y sus aldeas; tres provincias.

12 Mas los hijos de Manasés no pudieron echar a los de aquellas ciudades; antes el cananeo quiso habitar en la tierra.

13 Pero cuando los hijos de Israel tomaron fuerzas, hicieron tributario al cananeo, mas no lo echaron.

14 Y los hijos de José hablaron a Josué, diciendo: ¿Por qué me has dado por heredad una sola suerte y una sola parte, siendo yo un pueblo tan grande y que el SEÑOR me ha así bendecido hasta ahora?

15 Y Josué les respondió: Si eres pueblo tan grande, sube tú al monte, y corta para ti allí en la tierra del ferezeo y de los gigantes, pues que el monte de Efraín es angosto para ti.

16 Y los hijos de José dijeron: No nos bastará a nosotros este monte; y todos los cananeos que habitan la tierra de la campiña, tienen carros herrados; los que están en Bet-seán y en sus aldeas, y los que están en el valle de Jezreel.

17 Entonces Josué respondió a la casa de José, a Efraín y Manasés, diciendo: Tú eres gran pueblo, y tienes gran fuerza; no tendrás una sola suerte;

18 mas aquel monte será tuyo; que bosque es, y tú lo cortarás, y serán tuyos sus términos; porque tú echarás al cananeo, aunque tenga carros herrados, y aunque sea fuerte.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Manasés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Primogénito
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

José
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

hombre
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

guerra
La guerra en la palabra representa el combate de la tentación cuando lo que es bueno es asaltado por lo que es malo o falso....

hijos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Hijo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Familias
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Hijas
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

nombres
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

herencia
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

hermanos
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

diez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Jordán
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

término
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Siquem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Efraín
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

arroyo
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Mediodía
'South' denotes truth in light.

Ciudades
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

del Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Isacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

Meguido
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Habitar
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

monte
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Gigantes
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

nosotros
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

bosque
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

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