Josué 15

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Sagradas Escrituras (1569)         

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1 Y fue la suerte de la tribu de los hijos de Judá, por sus familias, junto al término de Edom, del desierto de Zin al mediodía, al lado del sur.

2 Y su término de la parte del mediodía fue desde la costa del mar Salado, desde la lengua que mira hacia el mediodía;

3 y salía hacia el mediodía a la subida de Acrabim, pasando hasta Zin; y subiendo por el mediodía hasta Cades-barnea, pasaba a Hezrón, y subiendo por Adar daba vuelta a Carca;

4 de allí pasaba a Asmón, y salía al arroyo de Egipto; y sale este término al occidente. Este pues os será el término del mediodía.

5 El término del oriente es el mar Salado hasta el fin del Jordán. Y el término de la parte del norte, desde la lengua del mar, desde el fin del Jordán;

6 y sube este término por Bet-hogla, y pasa del norte a Bet-arabá, y de aquí sube este término a la piedra de Bohán, hijo de Rubén.

7 Y torna a subir este término a Debir desde el valle de Acor; y al norte mira sobre Gilgal, que está delante de la subida de Adumín, la cual está al mediodía del arroyo; y pasa este término a las aguas de En-semes, y sale a la fuente de Rogel;

8 y sube este término por el valle del hijo de Hinom al lado del jebuseo al mediodía; ésta es Jerusalén. Luego sube este término por la cumbre del monte que está delante del valle de Hinom hacia el occidente, el cual está al cabo del valle de los gigantes al norte;

9 y rodea este término desde la cumbre del monte hasta la fuente de las aguas de Neftoa, y sale a la ciudades del monte de Efrón, rodeando luego el mismo término a Baala, la cual es Quiriat-jearim.

10 Después torna este término desde Baala hacia el occidente al monte de Seir; y pasa al lado del monte de Jearim hacia el norte, ésta es Quesalón, y desciende a Bet-semes, y pasa a Timna.

11 Sale luego este término al lado de Ecrón hacia el norte; y rodea el mismo término a Sicrón, y pasa por el monte de Baala, y sale a Jabneel; y sale este término al mar.

12 El término del occidente es el mar grande. Este pues , es el término de los hijos de Judá en derredor, por sus familias.

13 Mas a Caleb, hijo de Jefone, dio parte entre los hijos de Judá, conforme al mandamiento del SEÑOR a Josué; esto es , a Quiriat-arba, del padre de Anac, que es Hebrón.

14 Y Caleb echó de allí tres hijos de Anac, a Sesai, Ahimán, y Talmai, hijos de Anac.

15 De aquí subió a los que moraban en Debir; y el nombre de Debir era antes Quiriat-sefer.

16 Y dijo Caleb: Al que hiriere a Quiriat-sefer, y la tomare, yo le daré a mi hija Acsa por mujer.

17 Y la tomó Otoniel, hijo de Cenaz, hermano de Caleb; y él le dio por mujer a su hija Acsa.

18 Y aconteció que cuando la llevaba, él la persuadió que pidiese a su padre tierras para labrar. Ella entonces se apeó del asno. Y Caleb le dijo: ¿Qué tienes?

19 Y ella respondió: Dame una bendición; pues que me has dado tierra de secadal, dame también fuentes de aguas. El entonces le dio las fuentes de arriba, y las de abajo.

20 Esta pues es la herencia de la tribu de los hijos de Judá por sus familias.

21 Y fueron las ciudades del término de la tribu de los hijos de Judá hacia el término de Edom al mediodía: Cabseel, y Edar, y Jagur,

22 y Cina, y Dimona, y Adada,

23 y Cedes, y Hazor, e Itnán,

24 Zif, y Telem, Bealot,

25 y Hazor-hadata, y Queriot-hezrón, que es Hazor,

26 Amam, y Sema, y Molada,

27 y Hazar-gada, y Hesmón, y Bet-pelet,

28 y Hazar-sual, Beerseba, y Bizotia,

29 Baala, e Iim, y Esem,

30 y Eltolad, y Quesil, y Horma,

31 y Siclag, y Madmana, Sansana,

32 y Lebaot, Silhim, y Aín, y Rimón; en todas veintinueve ciudades con sus aldeas.

33 En las llanuras, Estaol, y Zora, y Asena,

34 y Zanoa, y En-ganim, Tapúa, y Enam,

35 Jarmut, y Adulam, Soco, y Azeca,

36 y Saaraim, y Aditaim, y Gedera, y Gederotaim; catorce ciudades con sus aldeas.

37 Zenán, y Hadasa, y Migdal-gad,

38 y Dileán, y Mizpa, y Jocteel,

39 Laquis, y Boscat, y Eglón,

40 y Cabón, y Lahmam, y Quitlis,

41 y Gederot, Bet-dagón, y Naama, y Maceda; dieciséis ciudades con sus aldeas.

42 Libna, y Eter, y Asán,

43 y Jifta, y Asena, y Nezib,

44 y Keila, y Aczib, y Maresa; nueve ciudades con sus aldeas.

45 Ecrón con sus villas y sus aldeas.

46 Desde Ecrón hasta el mar, todas las que están a la costa de Asdod con sus aldeas.

47 Asdod con sus villas y sus aldeas; Gaza con sus villas y sus aldeas hasta el río de Egipto, y la gran mar con sus términos.

48 Y en las montañas, Samir, y Jatir, y Soco,

49 y Dana, y Quiriat-sana, que es Debir,

50 y Anab, y Estemoa, y Anim,

51 y Gosén, y Holón, y Gilo; once ciudades con sus aldeas.

52 Arab, y Duma, y Esán,

53 y Janum, y Bet-tapúa, y Afeca,

54 y Humta, y Quiriat-arba, que es Hebrón, y Sior; nueve ciudades con sus aldeas.

55 Maón, Carmel, y Zif, y Juta,

56 Jezreel, Jocdeam, y Zanoa,

57 Caín, Gabaa, y Timna; diez ciudades con sus aldeas.

58 Halhul, y Bet-sur, y Gedor,

59 y Maarat, y Bet-anot, y Eltecón; seis ciudades con sus aldeas.

60 Quiriat-baal, que es Quiriat-jearim, y Rabá; dos ciudades con sus aldeas.

61 En el desierto, Bet-arabá, Midín, y Secaca,

62 y Nibsán, y la Ciudad de la Sal, y Engadi; seis ciudades con sus aldeas.

63 Mas a los jebuseos que habitaban en Jerusalén, los hijos de Judá no los pudieron desarraigar; antes quedó el jebuseo en Jerusalén con los hijos de Judá, hasta hoy.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Génesis 13:18, 21:31, 24:64, 35:23

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1 Samuel 4:1, 5:8, 10, 6:9, 12, 21, 7:14, 15:4, 12, 17:1, 25, 52, 22:1, 23:1, 14, 24, 24:1, 25:23, 43, 27:6, 30:27, 28, 30, 31

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Isaías 17:5, 27:12

Jeremías 7:31, 19:2

Ezequiel 48:7

Miqueas 1:14, 15

Zacarías 14:10

Významy biblických slov

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

hijos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Familias
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

término
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

Desierto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Mediodía
'South' denotes truth in light.

del Sur
'South' denotes truth in light.

sur
'South' denotes truth in light.

costa
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

salado
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

lengua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

arroyo
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Egipto
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Jordán
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

del Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

piedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Hijo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Rubén
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

aguas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Jerusalén
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

monte
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Gigantes
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

Fuente
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

Ciudades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

hacia el norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Hebrón
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

nombre
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hija
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

mujer
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Hermano
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

asno
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

herencia
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Catorce
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

Naama
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

Nueve
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

río
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

términos
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

montañas
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Gosén
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

Carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Caín
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

Gabaa
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

diez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Ciudad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

sal
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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