Josué 11

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1 Oyendo esto Jabín rey de Hazor, envió mensaje a Jobab rey de Madón, y al rey de Simrón, y al rey de Acsaf,

2 y a los reyes que estaban a la parte del norte en las montañas, y en el llano al mediodía de Cineret, y en los llanos, y en las regiones de Dor al occidente;

3 y al cananeo que estaba al oriente y al occidente, y al amorreo, y al heteo, y al ferezeo, y al jebuseo en las montañas, y al heveo debajo de Hermón en tierra de Mizpa.

4 Estos salieron, y con ellos todos sus ejércitos, pueblo muy grande, como la arena que está a la orilla del mar, con gran muchedumbre de caballos y carros.

5 Todos estos reyes se juntaron, y viniendo reunieron los campamentos junto a las aguas de Merom, para pelear contra Israel.

6 Mas el SEÑOR dijo a Josué: No tengas temor de ellos, que mañana a esta hora yo entregaré a todos éstos, muertos delante de Israel; a sus caballos desjarretarás, y sus carros quemarás al fuego.

7 Y vino Josué, y con él todo el pueblo de guerra, contra ellos, y dio de repente sobre ellos junto a las aguas de Merom.

8 Y los entregó el SEÑOR en mano de Israel, los cuales los hirieron y siguieron hasta Sidón la grande, y hasta las aguas calientes, y hasta el llano de Mizpa al oriente, hiriéndolos hasta que no les dejaron ninguno.

9 Y Josué hizo con ellos como el SEÑOR le había mandado: desjarretó sus caballos, y sus carros quemó al fuego.

10 Y volviendo Josué, tomó en el mismo tiempo a Hazor, e hirió a cuchillo a su rey: la cual Hazor había sido antes cabeza de todos estos reinos.

11 E hirieron a cuchillo todo cuanto en ella había vivo, destruyendo y no dejando cosa con vida; y a Hazor pusieron a fuego.

12 Asimismo tomó Josué todas las ciudades de aquellos reyes, y a todos los reyes de ellas, y los hirió a cuchillo, y los destruyó, como Moisés siervo del SEÑOR lo había mandado.

13 Pero todas las ciudades que estaban en sus colinas, no las quemó Israel, sacando sólo a Hazor, la cual quemó Josué.

14 Y los hijos de Israel tomaron para sí todos los despojos y bestias de aquellas ciudades; pero a todos los hombres hirieron a cuchillo hasta destruirlos, sin dejar alguno con vida.

15 De la manera que el SEÑOR lo había mandado a Moisés su siervo, así Moisés lo mandó a Josué; y así Josué lo hizo, sin quitar palabra de todo lo que el SEÑOR había mandado a Moisés.

16 Tomó pues Josué toda esta tierra, las montañas, y toda la región del mediodía, y toda la tierra de Gosén, y los bajos y los llanos, y la montaña de Israel y sus valles.

17 Desde el monte de Halac, que sube hasta Seir, hasta Baal-gad en la llanura del Líbano, a las raíces del monte Hermón; tomó asimismo todos sus reyes, los cuales hirió y mató.

18 Por muchos días tuvo guerra Josué con estos reyes.

19 No hubo ciudad que hiciese paz con los hijos de Israel, sacados los heveos, que moraban en Gabaón; todo lo tomaron por guerra.

20 Porque esto vino del SEÑOR, que endurecía el corazón de ellos para que resistiesen con guerra a Israel, para destruirlos, y que no les fuese hecha misericordia, antes fuesen desarraigados, como el SEÑOR lo había mandado a Moisés.

21 También en el mismo tiempo vino Josué y destruyó a los anaceos de los montes, de Hebrón, de Debir, y de Anab, y de todos los montes de Judá, y de todos los montes de Israel; Josué los destruyó a ellos y a sus ciudades.

22 Ninguno de los anaceos quedó en la tierra de los hijos de Israel; solamente quedaron en Gaza, en Gat, y en Asdod.

23 Tomó, pues, Josué toda la tierra, conforme a todo lo que el SEÑOR había dicho a Moisés; y Josué la entregó a los israelitas por herencia, conforme a sus repartimientos de sus tribus; y la tierra reposó de la guerra.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josué 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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Významy biblických slov

Rey
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

reyes
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

del Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

montañas
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Mediodía
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

heteo
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

debajo
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Mizpa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

arena
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

caballos
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Viniendo
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

aguas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Mañana
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

hora
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

fuego
El fuego, en el sentido espiritual, puede significar tanto el amor como el odio dependiendo del contexto, al igual que el fuego natural puede ser...

vino
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

guerra
La guerra en la palabra representa el combate de la tentación cuando lo que es bueno es asaltado por lo que es malo o falso....

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Cuchillo
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

cabeza
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Ciudades
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

siervo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mandado
Mandar es dar una orden de que se haga algo, y se dirige a un individuo, o a un grupo. Es un imperativo, no una...

hijos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

palabra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

montaña
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Gosén
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

monte
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

Líbano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

muchos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Ciudad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Gabaón
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

corazón
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

montes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Hebrón
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

gat
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

israelitas
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

herencia
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

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