Éxodo 23

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Spanish: Sagradas Escrituras (1569)         

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1 No admitirás falso rumor. No te concertarás con el impío para ser testigo falso.

2 No seguirás a los muchos para mal hacer; ni responderás en pleito acostándote tras los muchos para hacer tuerto;

3 ni al pobre honrarás en su causa.

4 Si encontrares el buey de tu enemigo o su asno extraviado, vuelve a llevárselo.

5 Si vieres el asno del que te aborrece caído debajo de su carga, ¿le dejarás entonces desamparado? Sin falta ayudarás con él a levantarlo.

6 No pervertirás el derecho de tu mendigo en su pleito.

7 De palabra de mentira te alejarás, y no matarás al inocente y justo; porque yo no justificaré al impío.

8 No recibirás presente; porque el presente ciega a los que ven, y pervierte las palabras de los justos.

9 Y no angustiarás al extranjero; pues vosotros sabéis cómo se halla el alma del extranjero, ya que extranjeros fuisteis en la tierra de Egipto.

10 Seis años sembrarás tu tierra, y allegarás su renta;

11 mas el séptimo la dejarás libre y la soltarás, para que coman los pobres de tu pueblo; y de lo que quedare comerán las bestias del campo; así harás de tu viña y de tu olivar.

12 Seis días harás tus hechos, y al séptimo día reposarás, a fin que descanse tu buey y tu asno, y tome refrigerio el hijo de tu sierva, y el extranjero.

13 Y en todo lo que os he dicho seréis avisados. Y nombre de otros dioses no mentaréis, ni se oirá en vuestra boca.

14 Tres veces en el año me celebraréis fiesta.

15 La fiesta de los ázimos guardarás: Siete días comerás los panes sin levadura, como yo te mandé, en el tiempo del mes de Abib; porque en él saliste de Egipto; y ninguno comparecerá vacío delante de mí.

16 También la fiesta de la cosecha de los primeros frutos de tus labores que hubieres sembrado en el campo; y la fiesta de la cosecha a la salida del año, cuando habrás recogido tus labores del campo.

17 Tres veces en el año comparecerá todo varón tuyo delante del Señor DIOS.

18 No sacrificarás sobre pan leudado la sangre de mi sacrificio, ni el sebo de mi cordero quedará de la noche hasta la mañana.

19 Las primicias de los primeros frutos de tu tierra traerás a la Casa del SEÑOR tu Dios. No guisarás el cabrito con la leche de su madre.

20 He aquí yo envío el Angel delante de ti para que te guarde en el camino, y te introduzca en el lugar que yo he preparado.

21 Guárdate delante de él, y oye su voz; no le seas rebelde; porque él no perdonará vuestra rebelión; porque mi Nombre está en él.

22 Pero si en verdad oyeres su voz, e hicieres todo lo que yo te dijere, seré enemigo a tus enemigos, y afligiré a los que te afligieren.

23 Porque mi Angel irá delante de ti, y te introducirá a la tierra del amorreo, y del heteo, y del ferezeo, y del cananeo, y del heveo, y del jebuseo, a los cuales yo haré cortar.

24 No te inclinarás a sus dioses, ni los servirás, ni harás como ellos hacen; antes los destruirás del todo, y quebrantarás del todo sus imágenes.

25 Mas al SEÑOR vuestro Dios serviréis, y él bendecirá tu pan y tus aguas; y yo quitaré toda enfermedad de en medio de ti.

26 No habrá mujer que aborte, ni estéril en tu tierra; y yo cumpliré el número de tus días.

27 Yo enviaré mi terror delante de ti, y consternaré a todo pueblo donde tú entrares, y te daré la cerviz de todos tus enemigos.

28 Yo enviaré la avispa delante de ti, que eche fuera al heveo, y al cananeo, y al heteo, de delante de ti.

29 No los echaré de delante de ti en un año, para que no quede la tierra desierta, y se aumenten contra ti las bestias del campo.

30 Poco a poco los echaré de delante de ti, hasta que te multipliques y tomes la tierra por heredad.

31 Y yo pondré tu término desde el mar Bermejo hasta el mar de Palestina, y desde el desierto hasta el río; porque pondré en vuestras manos los moradores de la tierra, y los echarás de delante de ti.

32 No harás alianza con ellos, ni con sus dioses.

33 En tu tierra no habitarán, para que por ventura no te hagan pecar contra mí sirviendo a sus dioses; porque te será de tropiezo.

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Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 737, 1001, 1444, 1736, 1754, 1925, 2342, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 44, 81, 344, 444, 567, 578, 623, ...

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 299


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 130, 313, 329, 388, 412, 518, 650, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

impío
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

testigo
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

muchos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

asno
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

debajo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

carga
A burden (Jer. 17:4) signifies that which is from the proprium of man.

mentira
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

justo
'To justify,' as in Isaiah 5:3, 11, signifies saving by means of divine good.

palabras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

justos
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

extranjero
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

alma
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

la tierra
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

tierra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

egipto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

olivar
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Hijo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

nombre
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Siete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Mes
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

Abib
The Passover, and the beginning of the Exodus from Egypt, happened during the month Abib, in the Hebrew calendar. Abib signifies the beginning of a...

cosecha
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sangre
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

sebo
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

Mañana
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Dios
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

leche
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

camino
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

oye
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

voz
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

enemigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

heteo
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Imágenes
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

pan
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

enfermedad
'The sickness prior to death means a movement towards regeneration, so the next stage towards it. A person is by nature in a state of...

estéril
"Sarai was barren, she had no child" (Gen 11:30), signifies that evil and falsity were not productive.

término
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

bermejo
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

desierto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

río
'Rivers' signify truths in abundance serving the rational self, and so, the understanding, for the purpose of doctrine and life. 'Rivers' or 'floods' signify temptations....

manos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Feast of Ingathering
Color the pictures of the Children of Israel celebrating this feast, then attach the pictures together to display.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Memory Verse: Our Guardian Angels
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Quotes: The Lord's Fruitful Harvest
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Thanking the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Significance of Thanksgiving
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Feasts
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18


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