Deuteronomio 5

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1 Y llamó Moisés a todo Israel, y les dijo: Oye, Israel, los estatutos y derechos que yo pronuncio hoy en vuestros oídos; y aprendedlos, y los guardaréis, para ponerlos por obra.

2 el SEÑOR nuestro Dios hizo pacto con nosotros en Horeb.

3 No con nuestros padres hizo el SEÑOR este pacto, sino con nosotros todos los que estamos aquí hoy vivos.

4 Cara a Cara habló el SEÑOR con vosotros en el monte de en medio del fuego.

5 (Yo estaba entonces entre el SEÑOR y vosotros, para denunciaros la palabra del SEÑOR; porque vosotros tuvisteis temor del fuego, y no subisteis al monte), diciendo él :

6 Yo soy el SEÑOR tu Dios, que te saqué de tierra de Egipto, de casa de siervos.

7 No tendrás dioses extraños delante de mí.

8 No harás para ti escultura, ni imagen alguna de cosa que está arriba en los cielos, o abajo en la tierra, o en las aguas debajo de la tierra.

9 No te inclinarás a ellas ni les servirás; porque yo soy el SEÑOR tu Dios, fuerte, celoso, que visito la iniquidad de los padres sobre los hijos hasta la tercera y cuarta generación de los que me aborrecen,

10 y que hago misericordia a millares, a los que me aman, y guardan mis mandamientos.

11 No tomarás en vano el nombre del SEÑOR tu Dios; porque el SEÑOR no dará por inocente al que tomare en vano su nombre.

12 Guardarás el día del sábado para santificarlo, como el SEÑOR tu Dios te ha mandado.

13 Seis días trabajarás y harás toda tu obra;

14 y el séptimo, es sábado al SEÑOR tu Dios; ninguna obra harás tú, ni tu hijo, ni tu hija, ni tu siervo, ni tu sierva, ni tu buey, ni tu asno, ni ningún animal tuyo, ni tu peregrino que está dentro de tus puertas; para que descanse tu siervo y tu sierva como tú.

15 Y acuérdate que fuiste siervo en tierra de Egipto, y que el SEÑOR tu Dios te sacó de allá con mano fuerte y brazo extendido; por lo cual el SEÑOR tu Dios te ha mandado que guardes el día del sábado.

16 Honra a tu padre y a tu madre, como el SEÑOR tu Dios te ha mandado, para que sean prolongados tus días, y para que te vaya bien sobre la tierra que el SEÑOR tu Dios te da.

17 No matarás.

18 No adulterarás.

19 No hurtarás.

20 No dirás falso testimonio contra tu prójimo.

21 No codiciarás la mujer de tu prójimo, ni codiciarás la casa de tu prójimo, ni su tierra, ni su siervo, ni su sierva, ni su buey, ni su asno, ni ninguna cosa que sea de tu prójimo.

22 Estas palabras habló el SEÑOR a toda vuestra congregación en el monte, de en medio del fuego, de la nube y de la oscuridad, a gran voz; y no añadió más. Y las escribió en dos tablas de piedra, las cuales me dio a mí.

23 Y aconteció, que cuando vosotros oísteis la voz de en medio de las tinieblas, y visteis al monte que ardía en fuego, llegasteis a mí todos los príncipes de vuestras tribus, y vuestros ancianos;

24 y dijisteis: He aquí, el SEÑOR nuestro Dios nos ha mostrado su gloria y su grandeza, y hemos oído su voz de en medio del fuego; hoy hemos visto que el SEÑOR habla al hombre, y éste vive.

25 Ahora pues, ¿por qué moriremos? Que este gran fuego nos consumirá; si volvemos a oír la voz del SEÑOR nuestro Dios, moriremos.

26 Porque, ¿qué es toda carne, para que oiga la voz del Dios viviente que habla de en medio del fuego, como nosotros la oímos , y viva?

27 Llega tú, y oye todas las cosas que dijere el SEÑOR nuestro Dios; y tú nos dirás todo lo que el SEÑOR nuestro Dios te dijere, y nosotros oiremos y haremos.

28 Y oyó el SEÑOR la voz de vuestras palabras, cuando me hablabais; y me dijo el SEÑOR: He oído la voz de las palabras de este pueblo, que ellos te han hablado; han presentado bien todo lo que han dicho.

29 ¡Quién diese que tuviesen tal corazón, que me temiesen, y guardasen todos los días todos mis mandamientos, para que a ellos y a sus hijos les fuese bien para siempre!

30 Ve, diles: Volveos a vuestras tiendas.

31 Y tú estáte aquí conmigo, para que te diga todos los mandamientos, y estatutos, y derechos que tú les enseñarás que los hagan en la tierra que yo les doy para que la hereden.

32 Guardad, pues, que hagáis como el SEÑOR vuestro Dios os ha mandado; no os apartéis a diestra ni a siniestra.

33 En todo camino que el SEÑOR vuestro Dios os ha mandado andaréis, para que viváis, y os vaya bien, y tengáis largos días en la tierra que habéis de heredar.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 5      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-5. The keeping the commandments and obeying the Divine will as given in the Word is the covenant to conjoin the soul with heaven.

Verses 6-21. The Ten Commandments, which are a summary of the Divine Law (For the full explanation of the Ten Commandments see Arcana Coelestia 8863-8912. It is perhaps scarcely necessary to state here that the fact of the moral commands containing a spiritual sense does not mean any weakening of the literal sense.)

Verses 22-29. The perception of the perfections of the Divine Being; and the utter discordance of its desires and thoughts therewith, alarms the soul.

Verses 30-33. Instruction that if the soul leads a good life as far as it can, it receives a perception of truth accommodated to its state which leads it on by degrees.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 448, 488, 1298, 1861, 2009, 2575, 2826, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 81, 216, 527, 529

Doctrine of Life 59, 60

True Christian Religion 284, 285, 291, 301, 305, 325


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 102, 412, 504, 532, 587, 594, 608, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 35, 43

The White Horse - Appendix 1

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Významy biblických slov

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

oye
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

estatutos
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

nosotros
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Padres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

cara
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

habló
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

monte
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Medio
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

fuego
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

palabra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Egipto
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

siervos
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Dioses
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

Imagen
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

los cielos
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

Cielos
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

abajo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

aguas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

debajo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

iniquidad
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

hijos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

misericordia
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

nombre
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sábado
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

mandado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Hijo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

hija
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

siervo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

asno
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

animal
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

peregrino
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

puertas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

brazo
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

da
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mujer
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

palabras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

congregación
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

Nube
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

voz
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

escribió
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

piedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

en medio de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

tinieblas
"Oscuridad" es un estado sin luz. La "luz" es la verdad del Señor, así que la "oscuridad" representa un estado en el que falta la...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Ancianos
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

visto
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

habla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

oír
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

hablado
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Siempre
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

Camino
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

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 Quotes: Love Me and Keep My Commandments
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Importance of the Ten Commandments
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Lord’s Prayer
Worship Talk | Ages over 18


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