Daniel 2

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1 Y en el segundo año del reinado de Nabucodonosor, soñó Nabucodonosor sueños, y su espíritu se quebrantó, y su sueño huyó de él.

2 Y mandó el rey llamar a magos, astrólogos, encantadores, y caldeos, para que mostrasen al rey sus sueños. Los cuales vinieron, y se presentaron delante del rey.

3 Y el rey les dijo: He soñado un sueño, y mi espíritu se ha quebrantado por saber el sueño.

4 Y los caldeos hablaron al rey en siriaco: rey, para siempre vive: di el sueño a tus siervos, y mostraremos la declaración.

5 El rey respondió y dijo a los caldeos: El negocio se me fue de la memoria ; si no me mostráis el sueño y su declaración, seréis hechos pedazos, y vuestras casas serán puestas por muladares.

6 Y si me mostrareis el sueño y su declaración, recibiréis de mí dones y mercedes y gran honra; por tanto, mostradme el sueño y su declaración.

7 Respondieron la segunda vez, y dijeron: Diga el rey el sueño a sus siervos, y le mostraremos su declaración.

8 El rey respondió, y dijo: Yo conozco ciertamente que vosotros ponéis dilaciones, porque veis que el negocio se me ha ido de la memoria .

9 Si no me mostráis el sueño, una sola sentencia será de vosotros. Ciertamente preparáis respuesta mentirosa y perversa que decir delante de mí, entre tanto que se muda el tiempo; por tanto, decidme el sueño, para que yo entienda que me podéis mostrar su declaración.

10 Los caldeos respondieron delante del rey, y dijeron: No hay hombre sobre la tierra que pueda declarar el negocio del rey. Además de esto, ningún rey, príncipe, ni señor, preguntó cosa semejante a ningún mago, ni astrólogo, ni caldeo.

11 Finalmente, el negocio que el rey demanda, es singular, ni hay quien lo pueda declarar delante del rey, salvo los ángeles de Dios cuya morada no es con la carne.

12 Por esto el rey con ira y con gran enojo, mandó que matasen a todos los sabios de Babilonia.

13 Y se publicó el mandamiento y los sabios eran llevados a la muerte y buscaron a Daniel y a sus compañeros para matarlos.

14 Entonces Daniel habló avisada y prudentemente a Arioc, capitán de los de la guardia del rey, que había salido para matar a los sabios de Babilonia.

15 Habló y dijo a Arioc capitán del rey: ¿Cuál es la causa por la cual este mandamiento se publica de parte del rey tan apresuradamente? Entonces Arioc declaró el negocio a Daniel.

16 Y Daniel entró, y pidió al rey que le diese tiempo, y que él mostraría al rey la declaración.

17 Entonces Daniel se fue a su casa y declaró el negocio a Ananías, Misael, y Azarías, sus compañeros,

18 para demandar misericordias del Dios del cielo sobre este misterio, y que Daniel y sus compañeros no pereciesen con los otros sabios de Babilonia.

19 Entonces el misterio fue revelado a Daniel en visión de noche; por lo cual Daniel bendijo al Dios del cielo.

20 Y Daniel habló, y dijo: Sea bendito el nombre de Dios de siglo hasta siglo; porque suya es la sabiduría y la fortaleza.

21 Y él es el que muda los tiempos y las oportunidades; quita reyes, y pone reyes; da la sabiduría a los sabios, y la ciencia a los entendidos.

22 El revela lo profundo y lo escondido; conoce lo que está en tinieblas, y la luz mora con él.

23 A ti, oh Dios de mis padres, confieso y te alabo, que me diste sabiduría y fortaleza, y ahora me enseñaste lo que te pedimos; pues nos has enseñado el negocio del rey.

24 Después de esto Daniel entró a Arioc, al cual el rey había puesto para matar a los sabios de Babilonia; fue, y le dijo así: No mates a los sabios de Babilonia; llévame delante del rey, que yo le mostraré al rey la declaración.

25 Entonces Arioc llevó prestamente a Daniel delante del rey, y le dijo así: Un varón de los transportados de Judá he hallado, el cual declarará al rey la interpretación.

26 Respondió el rey, y dijo a Daniel, al cual llamaban Beltasar: ¿Podrás tú hacerme entender el sueño que vi, y su declaración?

27 Daniel respondió delante del rey, y dijo: El misterio que el rey demanda, ni sabios, ni astrólogos, ni magos, ni adivinos lo pueden enseñar al rey.

28 Mas hay un Dios en los cielos, el cual revela los misterios, y él ha hecho saber al rey Nabucodonosor lo que ha de acontecer al cabo de días. Tu sueño, y las visiones de tu cabeza sobre tu cama, es esto:

29 Tú, oh rey, en tu cama, te subieron tus pensamientos por saber lo que había de ser en lo por venir; y el que revela los misterios te mostró lo que ha de ser.

30 Y a mí me ha sido revelado este misterio, no por sabiduría que en mí haya, más que en todos los vivientes, sino para que yo notifique al rey la declaración, y que entendieses los pensamientos de tu corazón.

31 Tú, oh rey, veías, y he aquí una gran imagen. Esta imagen, que era muy grande, y cuya gloria era muy sublime, estaba en pie delante de ti, y su aspecto era terrible.

32 La cabeza de esta imagen era de fino oro; sus pechos y sus brazos, de plata; su vientre y sus muslos, de bronce;

33 sus piernas de hierro; sus pies, en parte de hierro, y en parte de barro cocido.

34 Estabas mirando, hasta que una piedra fue cortada, no con manos, la cual hirió a la imagen en sus pies de hierro y de barro cocido, y los desmenuzó.

35 Entonces fue también desmenuzado el hierro, el barro cocido, el bronce, la plata y el oro, y se tornaron como tamo de las eras del verano; y los levantó el viento, y nunca más se les halló lugar. Mas la piedra que hirió a la imagen, fue hecha un gran monte, que llenó toda la tierra.

36 Este es el sueño; la declaración de él diremos también en presencia del rey.

37 Tú, oh rey, eres rey de reyes; porque el Dios del cielo te ha dado el reino, la potencia y la fortaleza, y la majestad.

38 Y todo lo que habitan hijos de hombres, bestias del campo, y aves del cielo, él ha entregado en tu mano, y te ha hecho enseñorear sobre todo ello; tú eres aquella cabeza de oro.

39 Y después de ti se levantará otro reino menor que tú; y otro tercer reino de bronce, el cual se enseñoreará de toda la tierra.

40 Y el cuarto reino será fuerte como hierro; y como el hierro desmenuza y doma todas las cosas, y como el hierro que quebranta todas estas cosas, desmenuzará y quebrantará.

41 Y lo que viste de los pies y los dedos, en parte de barro cocido de alfarero, y en parte de hierro, el reino será diviso; y habrá en él algo de fortaleza de hierro, de la manera que viste el hierro mezclado con el tiesto de barro.

42 Y los dedos de los pies en parte de hierro, y en parte de barro cocido, en parte el reino será fuerte, y en parte será frágil.

43 En cuanto a aquello que viste, el hierro mezclado con tiesto de barro, se mezclarán con simiente humana, mas no se pegarán el uno con el otro, como el hierro no se mezcla con el tiesto.

44 Y en los días de estos reyes, el Dios del cielo levantará un Reino que eternalmente no se corromperá; y no será dejado a otro pueblo este reino; el cual desmenuzará y consumirá todos estos reinos, y él permanecerá para siempre.

45 De la manera que viste que del monte fue cortada una piedra, que no con manos, desmenuzó al hierro, al bronce, al tiesto, a la plata, y al oro; el Dios grande mostró al rey lo que ha de acontecer en lo por venir: y el sueño es verdadero, y fiel su declaración.

46 Entonces el rey Nabucodonosor cayó sobre su rostro, y se humilló ante Daniel, y mandó que le sacrificasen presentes y perfumes.

47 El rey habló a Daniel, y dijo: Ciertamente que el Dios vuestro Dios es Dios de dioses, y el Señor de los reyes, y el descubridor de los misterios, pues pudiste revelar este misterio.

48 Entonces el rey magnificó a Daniel, y le dio muchos y grandes dones, y lo puso por gobernador de toda la provincia de Babilonia, y por príncipe de los gobernadores sobre todos los sabios de Babilonia.

49 Y Daniel solicitó del rey, y él puso sobre los negocios de la provincia de Babilonia a Sadrac, Mesac, y Abed-nego; y Daniel estaba a la puerta del rey.

  
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Daniel Interprets Nebuchadnezzar's Dream      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Andrew M. T. Dibb

In the second chapter of the Book of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon has a dream that troubles him. Daniel, inspired by God, is the only person who is able to interpret it. It's a powerful story in the literal sense, and its spiritual sense goes deep; it describes a step that we each need to take if we want to make spiritual progress.

The literal text sets the story in the "second year", which refers to a state of conflict that comes before regeneration. Generally, "two" means a union, and specifically the marriage of good and truth. But in this story, the marriage is between evil and falsity. Nebuchadnezzar is still on the throne of Babylon: the falsities from selfish love seek to establish dominion over every sphere of life.

So, in the second year, "Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was so troubled that his sleep left him." Dreams are one of the ways the Lord revealed the Word to the ancients. It is not surprising to find Nebuchadnezzar greatly disturbed by a dream, to the point that "his sleep left him." Sleep, when dreams occur, depicts a state of obscurity. In Nebuchadnezzar's case, the obscurity arose because he represents false thoughts resulting from a selfish lust for power. Selfishness obscures the truth because it makes it impossible to focus outside of the self.

Nebuchadnezzar represents falsity from selfishness and the desire to dominate and control others. When this is in charge, people become manipulative, insisting that everything serve their own ends. They are willing to twist any truth, even destroy it, to justify their actions. The danger in this state is its attraction; it can invade the mind and establish an empire.

This is our state before regeneration. However, Divine Providence mandates that in order to remove this, we must become conscious of our Nebuchadnezzar states. This may be difficult because reflection requires perspective, which starts out obscured — asleep. Nebuchadnezzar, unable to remember or interpret his dream, commanded his magicians, astrologers, sorcerers and Chaldeans to ease his mind.

When the wise men were unable, the king began killing them. In the internal sense, "to kill," means to turn truths into falsities. Daniel and his companions were to be included in the slaughter, but they were different from the other wise men, who represented falsity based on abuse or misuse of truth grounded in selfishness. Daniel and his friends served the Lord.

Daniel's name had been changed to 'Belteshazzar,' symbolizing the perversion of truth by love of self. Yet in this verse, they sought 'Daniel' and his companions to kill them. This shows a human quality hidden from daily life. If Nebuchadnezzar represents blind selfishness, to save us, the Lord must keep truth hidden from the flow of selfish thought. When his hidden name is used, Daniel represents this hidden thought, protected and ready for use against selfishness.

In chapter one, Daniel rejects Nebuchadnezzar by refusing to eat his food. Once again, he stands against the king who reveals his evil in his willingness to kill when displeased. Nebuchadnezzar is the epitome of self-worship, Daniel is the true worshiper of the Lord.

Daniel and his friends sought "mercies from the God of heaven concerning this secret." Despite their position as 'wise men,' they humbled themselves to the Lord. This is a picture of the submission necessary for conscience to direct the unruly external self.

Daniel was given insight into the fallen human, the decline caused by selfishness. People faced with these insights often run and hide. Yet without self-knowledge, people cannot make any spiritual progress. By blessing the Lord, Daniel recognizes that only His divine power can help people put evils into order. Without this, spiritual life is over.

This gratitude embodies a New Church principle: all goodness and truth are from the Lord alone. Any insight people have into the nature of evils must come from the Him. Evil is blind to itself, but truth shows it for what it is. By thanking the Lord for insight, people can face their evils.

Before he can be killed, Daniel requests an audience with the king. Outward behaviors can be aligned with good or evil, and so Arioch, captain of the guard, acts on Daniel's request in spite of Nebuchadnezzar's orders. His words to the king show how useful things can ally themselves to the truth. So Arioch advocates for Daniel.

In his entreaty, Arioch emphasizes Daniel's heritage: "a man of the captives of Judah." This may have cast the king's mind back to his campaign in Judah, or even to the young man prepared for his service, filled with wisdom and glowing with physical health. In the internal sense, 'Judah' represents the church with a person, initially through truths. So Arioch identifies Daniel as truth from the Word. Nebuchadnezzar knew Daniel by his Babylonian name of Belteshazzar: when people in falsity are presented with truth, they view it as mere information for their own use. This is why an adulterer sees no difference between adultery and marriage, or a liar no distinction between truth and falsity.

Daniel is the conscience, which can be thought of as guilt or sorrow for actions. But at it's core, conscience is guidance by the truths of the Word. For truths to guide us, we must recognize their Divine authority and origin: none of the wise men, astrologers, magicians, or soothsayers could tell and interpret the king's dream.

In the sense of the letter, Daniel could begin because he established that the dream was from God, and thus interpreted by God. Daniel was simply a mouthpiece. For us, the self-awareness needed to move us from selfishness to charity comes from the Lord. Only He can direct our lives, but leaves us in freedom to accept that direction or not.

Daniel described Nebuchadnezzar's dream: the great image, with a head of gold, chest and arms of silver, belly and thighs of bronze, legs of iron, and feet partly of iron and partly of clay. Even in the literal sense of the story one sees the steady decline from precious to base to valueless.

Many scholars describe this dream in political terms. They claim it describes successive nations or rulers in the earth, from the Babylonians, to the Greeks, the Romans, and so on. However, the Word deals with spiritual, not worldly things. In one sense, this dream speaks of the different spiritual eras that have existed in this world. This is called the "internal historical" sense. On this level, Nebuchadnezzar's dream describes the rise and fall of the ancient churches to the present. This exposition focuses on a deeper level: the regenerative series, or how the Word tells of each individual's spiritual life.

Nebuchadnezzar's dream symbolizes allowing selfishness to dictate our thoughts and beliefs. Babylon is a state of great selfishness, the opposite of loving the Lord. This is the origin of all evils, going hand in hand with falsity, which twists and perverts the truth, making it a slave to our desires. The dream describes how this state gains mastery of the human mind. It begins before selfishness gains a toehold in our thoughts, and ends in the destruction of our very humanity.

The vision begins with the head because it is the highest part of a human being. But the key to this head is that it is gold, symbolizing love to the Lord. The chest and arms are physically lower than the head, and silver is less valuable than gold. The chest and arms represent the rational parts of the mind. Silver represents truths derived from the goodness within. This change from loving the Lord to thinking from truth marks a change in focus: good embraces all, opening us up to each other in a life of mutual love and charity. Truth, on the other hand, is more open to abuse: ideas of truth have been the cause of many wars and conflicts. Truth is used to hurt as often as to nurture goodness. It is a double edged sword.

At the next level, the decline becomes more obvious: from the head to the chest to the belly and thighs – half way down the body. From gold to silver to bronze, precious metal turns to base. The belly and thighs normally depict the good of loving the Lord and the neighbor, called charity. Here, however, it is twisted into the opposite sense: disregard for others, and one's own interpretation of truth. To the person in this state, these things appear good. So the belly and thighs were made of bronze, an alloy that can be polished until it gleams like gold, but it is not, nor ever can be transmuted.

So we are brought to the lower parts of the body: the legs of iron. In place of truth, falsity takes charge. This is depicted by the iron, which merely looks like silver. The legs are followed by the outer extreme of spiritual life: the feet. The feet are the lowest part of our body. Feet correspond to the outmost of our lives, which should be the expression of the Lord's goodness and truth through us. Instead, the feet of the statue are a weak spot: a mixture of iron and clay. In this image, we see the entire devolution of selfishness – carried into our very action – a life devoid of real goodness or truth, only a false image.

At the climax of the dream, a stone strikes the image and breaks it to pieces. This shows us our true character and the power of truth to bring us back from the brink of disaster. The stone was cut without hands: it is not of human origin. Here the Divine truth contrasts with the king’s practice of consulting his wise men and magicians, who represent selfish human thought. Divine truth leads to all goodness when used the way the Lord intends. Detached from human rationalizing, the truth liberates.

This freedom is the new vision of truth: the stone grows into a mountain. "A mountain" symbolizes love – a new love from truth, that replaces the selfishness and the desire for control. The mountain filling the earth symbolizes the way this new truth and love become the center and focus of our lives. We are created anew by the Lord's truth.

Having described the dream in great detail, Daniel then explains its meaning. He begins with what seems like an affirmation of Nebuchadnezzar; the Lord gave us our love of self! He ordained that we should feel life as our own and have no sense of His life flowing into us. This allows us to act according to our reason, and respond to the Lord in freedom. Selfishness is the abuse of this gift from the Lord, and the kingdom changes its meaning from truth to falsity.

Nebuchadnezzar clearly confuses Daniel with the Lord, and ascribes the power to interpret dreams to him. But the reality of selfishness becomes clear when contrasted with the ideals of conscience. If selfishness cannot reflect upon itself, it needs to be confronted with truth – and truth shows the true nature of evil and convicts it.

Nebuchadnezzar promoted Daniel and his three friends to positions of power. He recognized their God as the God of gods, the Lord of kings. But he continues to recognize the previous gods who served Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar may have elevated the Lord above Marduk, the Babylonian god, but he was neither willing nor prepared to jettison his customary deity.

Spiritual life must begin somewhere, and this interaction between Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel symbolizes the beginning. There is still a great distance to travel before we are truly born again. The old selfish side will reassert itself, new arguments and battles will rage. Yet the promise of Nebuchadnezzar's dream is still with us.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 173


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 426, 1298, 1326, 1361, 1422, 1551, 1837, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 211, 538, 567, 664, 717, 775, 781, ...

Conjugial Love 73, 78, 79, 81

Divine Providence 328

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 42, 48

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 117

El Juicio Final 54

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 156, 275, 609, 625, 754, 761, 788


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 70, 176, 237, 411, 577, 650, 662, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 2, 37

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 37

Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Génesis 40:8, 12, 18, 41:8, 14, 26, 28, 41, 43

Éxodo 7:11

Números 12:6

Deuteronomio 10:17, 29:28

Josué 22:22

1 Samuel 6:2

2 Samuel 7:13, 16

1 Reyes 1:31

2 Reyes 5:15

1 Crónicas 29:10

Esdras 1:2, 6:11

Nehemías 9:5

Ester 1:13, 3:2

Trabajo 12:13, 18, 22

Salmos 2:6, 9, 96:4, 113:2, 136:26, 139:12, 147:5

Proverbios 2:6, 16:14

Eclesiastés 8:1

Isaías 28:16, 36:11, 47:12, 13

Jeremías 25:1, 27:5, 6, 33:3

Ezequiel 26:7

Daniel 1:6, 17, 2:6, 31, 36, 37, 48, 3:1, 9, 12, 29, 30, 4:2, 3, 4, 6, 14, 18, 19, 22, 5:7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 16, 18, 28, 6:7, 27, 7:4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15, 23, ...

Hageo 2:22

Mateo 3:2, 21:44

Lucas 1:33, 20:18

Hechos 3:12, 10:25, 14:13

Romanos 11:33

1 Timoteo 6:15, 16

Hebreos 12:27

Santiago 1:5

Apocalipsis 1, 11:15, 12:8, 17:14, 19:15

Významy biblických slov

segundo
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Sueño
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

Sueños
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

Rey
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Caldeos
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

soñado
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

saber
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Siempre
It is hard for us to conceive this, but time does not exist in spiritual reality. Time is an aspect of physical reality that no...

declaración
'Interpretations,' as in Genesis 40:22, signify prediction.

decir
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mostrar
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

Daniel
The book of Daniel follows after Ezekiel in the Old Testament. Daniel was a prophet during the early part of the captivity of the Jews...

del cielo
El "aire" en la Biblia representa el pensamiento, pero de una manera muy general - más como nuestra capacidad de percibir ideas y la forma...

cielo
Los cielos son cosas celestiales y espirituales. Por consiguiente, son cosas íntimas, tanto del reino del Señor en el cielo como en la tierra. Esto...

interpretación
'Interpretations,' as in Genesis 40:22, signify prediction.

astrólogos
'Soothsayers' were people who studied natural magic.

adivinos
'Soothsayers' were people who studied natural magic.

Nabucodonosor
Nebuchadnezzar was a powerful king of the Babylonian empire. His fiery furnace and his dreams of the great tree and of the great statue are...

Imagen
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

Mezcla
'To mix' signifies falsifying truth and profaning it.

Gobernadores
‘Governors,’ as in Genesis 41:34, signify common or general things, because they govern over particular things. ‘Governors of Israel,’ as in Judges 5:9, signify the...

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