1 Samuel 5

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1 Y los filisteos, tomada el arca de Dios, la trajeron desde Eben-ezer a Asdod.

2 Y tomaron los filisteos el arca de Dios, y la metieron en la casa de Dagón, y la pusieron junto a Dagón.

3 Y el siguiente día los de Asdod se levantaron de mañana, y he aquí Dagón postrado en tierra delante del arca del SEÑOR; y tomaron a Dagón, y lo volvieron a su lugar.

4 Y volviéndose a levantar de mañana el siguiente día, he aquí que Dagón había caído postrado en tierra delante del arca del SEÑOR; y la cabeza de Dagón, y las dos palmas de sus manos estaban cortadas sobre el umbral, habiéndole quedado a Dagón el tronco solamente.

5 Por esta causa los sacerdotes de Dagón, y todos los que en el templo de Dagón entran, no pisan el umbral de Dagón en Asdod, hasta hoy.

6 Pero se agravó la mano del SEÑOR sobre los de Asdod, y los destruyó, y los hirió con hemorroides en Asdod y en todos sus términos.

7 Y viendo esto los de Asdod, dijeron: No quede con nosotros el arca del Dios de Israel, porque su mano es dura sobre nosotros, y sobre nuestro Dios Dagón.

8 Enviaron, pues, a juntar a sí todos los príncipes de los filisteos, y dijeron: ¿Qué haremos del arca del Dios de Israel? Y ellos respondieron: Pásese el arca del Dios de Israel a Gat. Y pasaron allá el arca del Dios de Israel.

9 Y aconteció que cuando la hubieron pasado, la mano del SEÑOR fue contra la ciudad con gran quebrantamiento; e hirió a los hombres de aquella ciudad desde el chico hasta el grande, que se llenaron de hemorroides.

10 Entonces enviaron el arca de Dios a Ecrón. Y cuando el arca de Dios vino a Ecrón, los ecronitas dieron voces diciendo: Han pasado a mí el arca del Dios de Israel por matarme a mí y a mi pueblo.

11 Y enviaron a juntar todos los príncipes de los filisteos, diciendo: Despachad el arca del Dios de Israel, y vuélvase a su lugar, y no me mate a mí ni a mi pueblo; porque había quebrantamiento de muerte en toda la ciudad, y la mano de Dios se había allí agravado.

12 Y los que no morían, eran heridos de hemorroides; y el clamor de la ciudad subía al cielo.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Doctrina de las Sagradas Escrituras 23


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrina de Vida para la Nueva Jerusalén 59

Doctrina de la Fe 52

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 71, 284, 614, 630, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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Éxodo 10:7

Deuteronomio 28:27

Josué 11:22, 13:3, 15:11

Jueces 16:23

1 Samuel 4:1, 8, 6:2, 20, 17:52

1 Reyes 18:26

1 Crónicas 7:21, 10:10

Salmos 97:7, 115:7

Isaías 20:1, 46:7

Jeremías 10:11, 14, 15

Amós 6:2

Významy biblických slov

Filisteos
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

arca
Hay tres arcas mencionadas en la Palabra, el arca de Noé, el arca de los juncos para el bebé Moisés, y el arca del pacto...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Dagón
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

se levantaron
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Mañana
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

caído
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

cabeza
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

manos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Hemorroides
'Hemorrhoids' signify truth defiled by evil of life.

términos
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

viendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

nosotros
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gat
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

Ciudad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

vino
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

pueblo
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

cielo
Los cielos son cosas celestiales y espirituales. Por consiguiente, son cosas íntimas, tanto del reino del Señor en el cielo como en la tierra. Esto...

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