Miqueas 1

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1 PALABRA de Jehová que fué á Miqueas de Morasti en días de Jotham, Achâz, y Ezechîas, reyes de Judá: lo que vió sobre Samaria y Jerusalem.

2 Oid, pueblos todos: está atenta, tierra, y todo lo que en ella hay: y el Señor Jehová, el Señor desde su santo templo sea testigo contra vosotros.

3 Porque he aquí, Jehová sale de su lugar, y descenderá, y hollará sobre las alturas de la tierra.

4 Y debajo de él se derretirán los montes, y los valles se hendirán como la cera delante del fuego, como las aguas que corren por un precipicio.

5 Todo esto por la rebelión de Jacob, y por los pecados de la casa de Israel. ¿Cuál es la rebelión de Jacob? ¿no es Samaria? ¿Y cuáles son los excelsos de Judá? ¿no es Jerusalem?

6 Pondré pues á Samaria en majanos de heredad, en tierra de viñas; y derramaré sus piedras por el valle, y descubriré sus fundamentos.

7 Y todas sus estatuas serán despedazadas, y todos sus dones serán quemados en fuego, y asolaré todos sus ídolos; porque de dones de rameras los juntó, y á dones de rameras volverán.

8 Por tanto lamentaré y aullaré, y andaré despojado y desnudo; haré gemido como de chacales, y lamento como de avestruces.

9 Porque su llaga es dolorosa, que llegó hasta Judá; llegó hasta la puerta de mi pueblo, hasta Jerusalem.

10 No lo digáis en Gath, ni lloréis mucho: revuélcate en el polvo de Beth-le-aphrah.

11 Pásate desnuda con vergüenza, oh moradora de Saphir: la moradora de Saanán no salió al llanto de Beth-esel: tomará de vosotros su tardanza.

12 Porque la moradora de Maroth tuvo dolor por el bien; por cuanto el mal descendió de Jehová hasta la puerta de Jerusalem.

13 Unce al carro dromedarios, oh moradora de Lachîs, que fuiste principio de pecado á la hija de Sión; porque en ti se inventaron las rebeliones de Israel.

14 Por tanto, tú darás dones á Moreseth-gath: las casas de Achzib serán en mentira á los reyes de Israel.

15 Aun te traeré heredero, oh moradora de Maresah: la gloria de Israel vendrá hasta Adullam.

16 Mésate y trasquílate por los hijos de tus delicias: ensancha tu calva como águila; porque fueron trasportados de ti.


Exploring the Meaning of Miqueas 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 215


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1311, 2327, 2606, 2851, 2921, 3901, 4816, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 459, 537, 543, 612

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 35

Doctrine of Life 79


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 405, 587, 695, 714, 724, 850, ...

Sobre La Palabra 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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palabra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Jehová
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

reyes
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

santo
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

Templo
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

testigo
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

debajo
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

valles
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

fuego
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

pecados
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

viñas
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

piedras
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

rameras
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

despojado
As in Micah 1:8, 'to be stripped' signifies being without goods, and 'to be naked' signifies being without truths.

desnudo
Clothing in general represents day-to-day knowledge about spiritual things, held in the memory so it can be used for the goodness of life. For someone...

gemido
To howl' signifies grief caused by vastation.

Puerta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

Polvo
'Powder' or 'dust' refers to love of self and the world.

vergüenza
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mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

descendió
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

pecado
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

hija
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Heredero
'An heir,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:1, signifies the good that comes from truth. 'To become an heir, or to inherit,' signifies eternal life in...

hijos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

calva
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

Águila
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.


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