Jueces 7

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Reina Valera (1909)         

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1 LEVANTANDOSE pues de mañana Jerobaal, el cual es Gedeón, y todo el pueblo que estaba con él, asentaron el campo junto á la fuente de Harod: y tenía el campo de los Madianitas al norte, de la otra parte del collado de More, en el valle.

2 Y Jehová dijo á Gedeón: El pueblo que está contigo es mucho para que yo dé á los Madianitas en su mano: porque no se alabe Israel contra mí, diciendo: Mi mano me ha salvado.

3 Haz pues ahora pregonar, que lo oiga el pueblo, diciendo: El que teme y se estremece, madrugue y vuélvase desde el monte de Galaad. Y volviéronse de los del pueblo veintidós mil: y quedaron diez mil.

4 Y Jehová dijo á Gedeón: Aun es mucho el pueblo; llévalos á las aguas, y allí yo te los probaré; y del que yo te dijere: Vaya este contigo, vaya contigo: mas de cualquiera que yo te dijere: Este no vaya contigo, el tal no vaya.

5 Entonces llevó el pueblo á las aguas: y Jehová dijo á Gedeón: Cualquiera que lamiere las aguas con su lengua como lame el perro, aquél pondrás aparte; asimismo cualquiera que se doblare sobre sus rodillas para beber.

6 Y fué el número de los que lamieron las aguas, llegándola con la mano á la boca, trescientos hombres: y todo el resto del pueblo se dobló sobre sus rodillas para beber las aguas.

7 Entonces Jehová dijo á Gedeón: Con estos trescientos hombres que lamieron el agua os salvaré, y entregaré á los Madianitas en tus manos: y váyase toda la gente cada uno á su lugar.

8 Y tomada provisión para el pueblo en sus manos, y sus bocinas, envió á todos los Israelitas cada uno á su tienda, y retuvo á aquellos trescientos hombres: y tenía el campo de Madián abajo en el valle.

9 Y aconteció que aquella noche Jehová le dijo: Levántate, y desciende al campo; porque yo lo he entregado en tus manos.

10 Y si tienes temor de descender, baja tú con Phara tu criado al campo,

11 Y oirás lo que hablan; y entonces tus manos se esforzarán, y descenderás al campo. Y él descendió con Phara su criado al principio de la gente de armas que estaba en el campo.

12 Y Madián, y Amalec, y todos los orientales, estaban tendidos en el valle como langostas en muchedumbre, y sus camellos eran innumerables, como la arena que está á la ribera de la mar en multitud.

13 Y luego que llegó Gedeón, he aquí que un hombre estaba contando á su compañero un sueño, diciendo: He aquí yo soñé un sueño: que veía un pan de cebada que rodaba hasta el campo de Madián, y llegaba á las tiendas, y las hería de tal manera que caían, y las

14 Y su compañero respondió, y dijo: Esto no es otra cosa sino la espada de Gedeón hijo de Joas, varón de Israel: Dios ha entregado en sus manos á los Madianitas con todo el campo.

15 Y como Gedeón oyó la historia del sueño y su interpretación, adoró; y vuelto al campo de Israel, dijo: Levantaos, que Jehová ha entregado el campo de Madián en vuestras manos.

16 Y repartiendo los trescientos hombres en tres escuadrones, dió á cada uno de ellos bocinas en sus manos, y cántaros vacíos con teas ardiendo dentro de los cántaros.

17 Y díjoles: Miradme á mí, y haced como yo hiciere; he aquí que cuando yo llegare al principio del campo, como yo hiciere, así haréis vosotros.

18 Yo tocaré la bocina y todos los que estarán conmigo; y vosotros tocaréis entonces las bocinas alrededor de todo el campo, y diréis: ­Por Jehová y Gedeón!

19 Llegó pues Gedeón, y los cien hombres que llevaba consigo, al principio del campo, á la entrada de la vela del medio, cuando acababan de renovar las centinelas; y tocaron las bocinas, y quebraron los cántaros que llevaban en sus manos:

20 Y los tres escuadrones tocaron las bocinas, y quebrando los cántaros tomaron en las manos izquierdas las teas, y en las derechas los cuernos con que tañian, y dieron grita: ­La espada de Jehová y de Gedeón!

21 Y estuviéronse en sus lugares en derredor del campo: y todo el campo fué alborotado, y huyeron gritando.

22 Mas los trescientos tocaban las bocinas: y Jehová puso la espada de cada uno contra su compañero en todo el campo. Y el ejército huyó hasta Beth-sitta, hacia Cerera, y hasta el término de Abel-mehola en Tabbat.

23 Y juntándose los de Israel, de Nephtalí, y de Aser, y de todo Manasés, siguieron á los Madianitas.

24 Gedeón también envió mensajeros á todo el monte de Ephraim, diciendo: Descended al encuentro de los Madianitas, y tomadles las aguas hasta Beth-bara y el Jordán. Y juntos todos los hombres de Ephraim, tomaron las aguas de Beth-bara y el Jordán.

25 Y tomaron dos príncipes de los Madianitas, Oreb y Zeeb: y mataron á Oreb en la peña de Oreb, y á Zeeb lo mataron en el lagar de Zeeb: y después que siguieron á los Madianitas, trajeron las cabezas de Oreb y de Zeeb á Gedeón de la otra parte del Jordán.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Salmos 33:16, 83:10, 12

Proverbios 16:2

Isaías 9:3, 10:13, 26

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Hechos 18:9

1 Corintios 1:29

Významy biblických slov

Madianitas
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Jehová
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mucho
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

salvado
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

monte
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

diez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

aguas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

lengua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

Perro
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

rodillas
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

hombres
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

manos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

israelitas
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Tienda
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

Madián
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

abajo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Noche
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

descender
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

descendió
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Amalec
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

Langostas
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

camellos
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

arena
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

hombre
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

compañero
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

Sueño
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

pan
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Hijo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

cien
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Entrada
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

cuernos
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

huyó
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Manasés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

mensajeros
'A messenger' signifies communication.

Ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Jordán
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

príncipes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

cabezas
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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