Jueces 13

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1 Y LOS hijos de Israel tornaron á hacer lo malo en los ojos de Jehová; y Jehová los entregó en mano de los Filisteos, por cuarenta años.

2 Y había un hombre de Sora, de la tribu de Dan, el cual se llamaba Manoa; y su mujer era estéril, que nunca había parido.

3 A esta mujer apareció el ángel de Jehová, y díjole: He aquí que tú eres estéril, y no has parido: mas concebirás y parirás un hijo.

4 Ahora, pues, mira que ahora no bebas vino, ni sidra, ni comas cosa inmunda.

5 Porque tú te harás embarazada, y parirás un hijo: y no subirá navaja sobre su cabeza, porque aquel niño será Nazareo á Dios desde el vientre, y él comenzará á salvar á Israel de mano de los Filisteos.

6 Y la mujer vino y contólo á su marido, diciendo: Un varón de Dios vino á mí, cuyo aspecto era como el aspecto de un ángel de Dios, terrible en gran manera; y no le pregunté de dónde ni quién era, ni tampoco él me dijo su nombre.

7 Y díjome: He aquí que tú concebirás, y parirás un hijo: por tanto, ahora no bebas vino, ni sidra, ni comas cosa inmunda; porque este niño desde el vientre será Nazareo á Dios hasta el día de su muerte.

8 Entonces oró Manoa á Jehová, y dijo: Ah, Señor mío, yo te ruego que aquel varón de Dios que enviaste, torne ahora á venir á nosotros, y nos enseñe lo que hayamos de hacer con el niño que ha de nacer.

9 Y Dios oyó la voz de Manoa: y el ángel de Dios volvió otra vez á la mujer, estando ella en el campo; mas su marido Manoa no estaba con ella.

10 Y la mujer corrió prontamente, y noticiólo á su marido, diciéndole: Mira que se me ha aparecido aquel varón que vino á mí el otro día.

11 Y levantóse Manoa, y siguió á su mujer; y así que llegó al varón, díjole: ¿Eres tú aquel varón que hablaste á la mujer? Y él dijo: Yo soy.

12 Entonces Manoa dijo: Cúmplase pues tu palabra. ¿Qué orden se tendrá con el niño, y qué ha de hacer?

13 Y el ángel de Jehová respondió á Manoa: La mujer se guardará de todas las cosas que yo le dije:

14 Ella no comerá cosa que proceda de vid que da vino; no beberá vino ni sidra, y no comerá cosa inmunda: ha de guardar todo lo que le mandé.

15 Entonces Manoa dijo al ángel de Jehová: Ruégote permitas que te detengamos, y aderezaremos un cabrito que poner delante de ti.

16 Y el ángel de Jehová respondió á Manoa: Aunque me detengas no comeré de tu pan: mas si quisieres hacer holocausto, sacrifícalo á Jehová. Y no sabía Manoa que aquél fuese ángel de Jehová.

17 Entonces dijo Manoa al ángel de Jehová: ¿Cómo es tu nombre, para que cuando se cumpliere tu palabra te honremos?

18 Y el ángel de Jehová respondió: ¿Por qué preguntas por mi nombre, que es oculto?

19 Y Manoa tomó un cabrito de las cabras y un presente, y sacrificólo sobre una peña á Jehová: y el ángel hizo milagro á vista de Manoa y de su mujer.

20 Porque aconteció que como la llama subía del altar hacia el cielo, el ángel de Jehová subió en la llama del altar á vista de Manoa y de su mujer, los cuales se postraron en tierra sobre sus rostros.

21 Y el ángel de Jehová no tornó á aparecer á Manoa ni á su mujer. Entonces conoció Manoa que era el ángel de Jehová.

22 Y dijo Manoa á su mujer: Ciertamente moriremos, porque á Dios hemos visto.

23 Y su mujer le respondió: Si Jehová nos quisiera matar, no tomara de nuestras manos el holocausto y el presente, ni nos hubiera mostrado todas estas cosas, ni en tal tiempo nos habría anunciado esto.

24 Y la mujer parió un hijo, y llamóle por nombre Samsón. Y el niño creció, y Jehová lo bendijo.

25 Y el espíritu de Jehová comenzó á manifestarse en él en los campamentos de Dan, entre Sora y Esthaol.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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hijos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

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ojos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Jehová
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mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Filisteos
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

cuarenta
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hombre
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

mujer
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

estéril
"Sarai was barren, she had no child" (Gen 11:30), signifies that evil and falsity were not productive.

ángel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

Hijo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

cabeza
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

niño
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Nazareo
'A Nazarite' represents the celestial self.

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

vientre
The belly (Psalms 16:4) signifies the interior understanding.

salvar
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marido
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dijo
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nombre
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Día
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señor
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nosotros
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voz
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campo
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Mira
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

palabra
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pan
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Presente
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altar
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cielo
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Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

visto
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

manos
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Samsón
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campamentos
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Dan
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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: The Birth of Samson
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Kills a Lion
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Angel of the Lord Appears to Samson’s Parents
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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