Josué 21

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1 Y LOS principales de los padres de los Levitas vinieron á Eleazar sacerdote, y á Josué hijo de Nun, y á los principales de los padres de las tribus de los hijos de Israel;

2 Y habláronles en Silo en la tierra de Canaán, diciendo: Jehová mandó por Moisés que nos fuesen dadas villas para habitar, con sus ejidos para nuestras bestias.

3 Entonces los hijos de Israel dieron á los Levitas de sus posesiones, conforme á la palabra de Jehová, estas villas con sus ejidos.

4 Y salió la suerte por las familias de los Coathitas; y fueron dadas por suerte á los hijos de Aarón sacerdote, que eran de los Levitas, por la tribu de Judá, por la de Simeón y por la de Benjamín, trece villas.

5 Y á los otros hijos de Coath se dieron por suerte diez villas de las familias de la tribu de Ephraim, y de la tribu de Dan, y de la media tribu de Manasés;

6 Y á los hijos de Gersón, por las familias de la tribu de Issachâr, y de la tribu de Aser, y de la tribu de Nephtalí, y de la media tribu de Manasés en Basán, fueron dadas por suerte trece villas.

7 A los hijos de Merari por sus familias se dieron doce villas por la tribu de Rubén, y por la tribu de Gad, y por la tribu de Zabulón.

8 Y así dieron por suerte los hijos de Israel á los Levitas estas villas con sus ejidos, como Jehová lo había mandado por Moisés.

9 Y de la tribu de los hijos de Judá, y de la tribu de los hijos de Simeón dieron estas villas que fueron nombradas:

10 Y la primera suerte fué de los hijos de Aarón, de la familia de Coath, de los hijos de Leví;

11 A los cuales dieron Chîriath-arba, del padre de Anac, la cual es Hebrón, en el monte de Judá, con sus ejidos en sus contornos.

12 Mas el campo de aquesta ciudad y sus aldeas dieron á Caleb hijo de Jephone, por su posesión.

13 Y á los hijos de Aarón sacerdote dieron la ciudad de refugio para los homicidas, á Hebrón con sus ejidos; y á Libna con sus ejidos,

14 Y á Jattir con sus ejidos, y á Estemoa con sus ejidos,

15 A Helón con sus ejidos, y á Debir con sus ejidos,

16 A Ain con sus ejidos, á Jutta con sus ejidos, y á Beth-semes con sus ejidos; nueve villas de estas dos tribus:

17 Y de la tribu de Benjamín, á Gibeón con sus ejidos, á Geba con sus ejidos,

18 A Anathoth con sus ejidos, á Almón con sus ejidos: cuatro villas.

19 Todas las villas de los sacerdotes, hijos de Aarón, son trece con sus ejidos.

20 Mas las familias de los hijos de Coath, Levitas, los que quedaban de los hijos de Coath, recibieron por suerte villas de la tribu de Ephraim.

21 Y diéronles á Sichêm, villa de refugio para los homicidas, con sus ejidos, en el monte de Ephraim; y á Geser con sus ejidos.

22 Y á Kibsaim con sus ejidos, y á Beth-oron con sus ejidos: cuatro villas:

23 Y de la tribu de Dan á Eltheco con sus ejidos, á Gibethón con sus ejidos,

24 A Ayalón con sus ejidos, á Gath-rimmón con sus ejidos: cuatro villas:

25 Y de la media tribu de Manasés, á Taanach con sus ejidos, y á Gath-rimmón con sus ejidos: dos villas.

26 Todas las villas para el resto de las familias de los hijos de Coath fueron diez con sus ejidos.

27 A los hijos de Gersón de las familias de los Levitas, dieron la villa de refugio para los homicidas, de la media tribu de Manasés: á Gaulón en Basán con sus ejidos, y á Bosra con sus ejidos: dos villas.

28 Y de la tribu de Issachâr, á Cesión con sus ejidos, á Dabereth con sus ejidos,

29 A Jarmuth con sus ejidos, y á En-gannim con sus ejidos: cuatro villas:

30 Y de la tribu de Aser, á Miseal con sus ejidos, á Abdón con sus ejidos,

31 A Helchâth con sus ejidos, y á Rehob con sus ejidos: cuatro villas:

32 Y de la tribu de Nephtalí, la villa de refugio para los homicidas, á Cedes en Galilea con sus ejidos, á Hammoth-dor con sus ejidos, y á Cartán con sus ejidos: tres villas:

33 Todas las villas de los Gersonitas por sus familias fueron trece villas con sus ejidos.

34 Y á las familias de los hijos de Merari, Levitas que quedaban, dióseles de la tribu de Zabulón, á Jocneam con sus ejidos, Cartha con sus ejidos,

35 Dimna con sus ejidos, Naalal con sus ejidos: cuatro villas:

36 Y de la tribu de Rubén, á Beser con sus ejidos, á Jasa con sus ejidos,

37 A Cedemoth con sus ejidos, y Mephaat con sus ejidos: cuatro villas:

38 De la tribu de Gad, la villa de refugio para los homicidas, Ramoth en Galaad con sus ejidos, y Mahanaim con sus ejidos,

39 Hesbón con sus ejidos, y Jacer con sus ejidos: cuatro villas.

40 Todas las villas de los hijos de Merari por sus familias, que restaban de las familias de los Levitas, fueron por sus suertes doce villas.

41 Y todas la villas de los Levitas en medio de la posesión de los hijos de Israel, fueron cuarenta y ocho villas con sus ejidos.

42 Y estas ciudades estaban apartadas la una de la otra cada cual con sus ejidos alrededor de ellas: lo cual fué en todas estas ciudades.

43 Así dió Jehová á Israel toda la tierra que había jurado dar á sus padres; y poseyéronla, y habitaron en ella.

44 Y Jehová les dió reposo alrededor, conforme á todo lo que había jurado á sus padres: y ninguno de todos los enemigos les paró delante, sino que Jehová entregó en sus manos á todos sus enemigos.

45 No faltó palabra de todas la buenas que habló Jehová á la casa de Israel; todo se cumplió.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

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Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

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'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

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"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

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Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

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'Inhabit' refers to good.

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leví
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

padre
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Hebrón
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

monte
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Ciudad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

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Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

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Nueve
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

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