Josué 12

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Reina Valera (1909)         

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1 ESTOS son los reyes de la tierra que los hijos de Israel hirieron, y cuya tierra poseyeron de la otra parte del Jordán al nacimiento del sol, desde el arroyo de Arnón hasta el monte Hermón, y toda la llanura oriental:

2 Sehón rey de los Amorrheos, que habitaba en Hesbón, y señoreaba desde Aroer, que está á la ribera del arroyo de Arnón, y desde en medio del arroyo, y la mitad de Galaad, hasta el arroyo Jaboc, el término de los hijos de Ammón;

3 Y desde la campiña hasta la mar de Cinneroth, al oriente; y hasta la mar de la llanura, el mar Salado, al oriente, por el camino de Beth-jesimoth; y desde el mediodía debajo de las vertientes del Pisga.

4 Y los términos de Og rey de Basán, que había quedado de los Rapheos, el cual habitaba en Astaroth y en Edrei,

5 Y señoreaba en el monte de Hermón, y en Salca, y en todo Basán hasta los términos de Gessuri y de Maachâti, y la mitad de Galaad, término de Sehón rey de Hesbón.

6 A estos hirieron Moisés siervo de Jehová y los hijos de Israel; y Moisés siervo de Jehová dió aquella tierra en posesión á los Rubenitas, Gaditas, y á la media tribu de Manasés.

7 Y estos son los reyes de la tierra que hirió Josué con los hijos de Israel, de esta parte del Jordán al occidente, desde Baal-gad en el llano del Líbano hasta el monte de Halac que sube á Seir; la cual tierra dió Josué en posesión á las tribus de Israel,

8 En montes y en valles, en llanos y en vertientes, al desierto y al mediodía; el Hetheo, y el Amorrheo, y el Cananeo, y el Pherezeo, y el Heveo, y el Jebuseo.

9 El rey de Jericó, uno: el rey de Hai, que está al lado de Beth-el, otro:

10 El rey de Jerusalem, otro: el rey de Hebrón, otro:

11 El rey de Jarmuth, otro: el rey de Lachîs, otro:

12 El rey de Eglón, otro: el rey de Gezer, otro:

13 El rey de Debir, otro: el rey de Geder, otro:

14 El rey de Horma, otro: el rey de Arad, otro:

15 El rey de Libna, otro: el rey de Adullam, otro:

16 El rey de Maceda, otro: el rey de Beth-el, otro:

17 El rey de Tappua, otro: el rey de Hepher, otro:

18 El rey de Aphec, otro: el rey de Lasarón, otro:

19 El rey de Madón, otro: el rey de Hasor, otro:

20 El rey de Simrom-meron, otro: el rey de Achsaph, otro:

21 El rey de Taanach, otro: el rey de Megiddo, otro:

22 El rey de Chêdes, otro: el rey de Jocneam de Carmel, otro:

23 El rey de Dor, de la provincia de Dor, otro; el rey de Gentes en Gilgal, otro:

24 El rey de Tirsa, otro: treinta y un reyes en todo.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2913, 3527, 4270

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Významy biblických slov

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la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

de israel
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'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

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'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

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'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

'South' denotes truth in light.

'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

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Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Cuando Jacob tuvo su famoso sueño, de una escalera que lleva al cielo, llamó al lugar "Betel", que en hebreo significa "la casa de Dios"....

Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

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