Jeremías 49

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Spanish: Reina Valera (1909)         

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1 DE los hijos de Ammón. Así ha dicho Jehová: ¿No tiene hijos Israel? ¿No tiene heredero? ¿Por qué tomó como por heredad el rey de ellos á Gad, y su pueblo habitó en sus ciudades?

2 Por tanto, he aquí vienen días, ha dicho Jehová, en que haré oir en Rabba de los hijos de Ammón clamor de guerra; y será puesta en montón de asolamiento, y sus ciudades serán puestas á fuego, é Israel tomará por heredad á los que los tomaron á ellos, ha d

3 Aulla, oh Hesbón, porque destruída es Hai; clamad, hijas de Rabba, vestíos de sacos, endechad, y rodead por los vallados, porque el rey de ellos fué en cautiverio, sus sacerdotes y sus príncipes juntamente.

4 ¿Por qué te glorías de los valles? Tu valle se deshizo, oh hija contumaz, la que confía en sus tesoros, la que dice: ¿Quién vendrá contra mí?

5 He aquí yo traigo sobre ti espanto, dice el Señor Jehová de los ejércitos, de todos tus alrededores; y seréis lanzados cada uno en derechura de su rostro, y no habrá quien recoja al errante.

6 Y después de esto haré tornar la cautividad de los hijos de Ammón, dice Jehová.

7 De Edom. Así ha dicho Jehová de los ejércitos: ¿No hay más sabiduría en Temán? ¿ha perecido el consejo en los sabios? ¿corrompióse su sabiduría?

8 Huid, volveos, escondeos en simas para estar, oh moradores de Dedán; porque el quebrantamiento de Esaú traeré sobre él, al tiempo que lo tengo de visitar.

9 Si vendimiadores vinieran contra ti, ¿no dejarán rebuscos? Si ladrones de noche, tomarán lo que hubieren menester.

10 Mas yo desnudaré á Esaú, descubriré sus escondrijos, y no podrá esconderse: será destruída su simiente, y sus hermanos, y sus vecinos; y no será.

11 Deja tus huérfanos, yo los criaré; y en mí se confiarán tus viudas.

12 Porque así ha dicho Jehová: He aquí que los que no estaban condenados á beber del cáliz, beberán ciertamente; ¿y serás tú absuelto del todo? No serás absuelto, sino que de cierto beberás.

13 Porque por mí he jurado, dice Jehová, que en asolamiento, en oprobio, en soledad, y en maldición, será Bosra; y todas su ciudades serán en asolamientos perpetuos.

14 La fama oí, que de Jehová había sido enviado mensajero á las gentes, diciendo: Juntaos, y venid contra ella, y levantaos á la batalla.

15 Porque he aquí que pequeño te he puesto entre las gentes, menospreciado entre los hombres.

16 Tu arrogancia te engañó, y la soberbia de tu corazón, tú que habitas en cavernas de peñas, que tienes la altura del monte: aunque alces como águila tu nido, de allí te haré descender, dice Jehová.

17 Y será Edom en asolamiento: todo aquel que pasare por ella se espantará, y silbará sobre todas sus plagas.

18 Como el trastornamiento de Sodoma y de Gomorra, y de sus ciudades vecinas, dice Jehová, no morará allí nadie, ni la habitará hijo de hombre.

19 He aquí que como león subirá de la hinchazón del Jordán contra la bella y robusta; porque muy pronto harélo correr de sobre ella, y al que fuere escogido la encargaré; porque ¿quién es semejante á mí? ¿y quién me emplazará? ¿y quién será aquel pastor que

20 Por tanto, oíd el consejo de Jehová, que ha acordado sobre Edom; y sus pensamientos, que ha resuelto sobre los moradores de Temán. Ciertamente los más pequeños del hato los arrastrarán, y destruirán sus moradas con ellos.

21 Del estruendo de la caída de ellos la tierra tembló, y el grito de su voz se oyó en el mar Bermejo.

22 He aquí que como águila subirá y volará, y extenderá sus alas sobre Bosra: y el corazón de los valientes de Edom será en aquel día como el corazón de mujer en angustias.

23 Acerca de Damasco. Confundióse Hamath, y Arphad, porque oyeron malas nuevas: derritiéronse en aguas de desmayo, no pueden sosegarse.

24 Desmayóse Damasco, volvióse para huir, y tomóle temblor: angustia y dolores le tomaron, como de mujer que está de parto.

25 Cómo dejaron á la ciudad de alabanza, ciudad de mi gozo!

26 Por tanto, sus mancebos caerán en sus plazas, y todos los hombres de guerra morirán en aquel día, ha dicho Jehová de los ejércitos.

27 Y haré encender fuego en el muro de Damasco, y consumirá las casas de Ben-hadad.

28 De Cedar y de los reinos de Hasor, los cuales hirió Nabucodonosor rey de Babilonia. Así ha dicho Jehová: Levantaos, subid contra Cedar, y destruid los hijos de oriente.

29 Sus tiendas y su ganados tomarán: sus cortinas, y todos sus vasos, y sus camellos, tomarán para sí; y llamarán contra ellos miedo alrededor.

30 Huid, trasponeos muy lejos, meteos en simas para estar, oh moradores de Hasor, dice Jehová; porque tomó consejo contra vosotros Nabucodonosor rey de Babilonia, y contra vosotros ha formado designio.

31 Levantaos, subid á gente pacífica, que vive confiadamente, dice Jehová, que ni tienen puertas ni cerrojos, que viven solitarios.

32 Y serán sus camellos por presa, y la multitud de sus ganados por despojo; y esparcirélos por todos vientos, echados hasta el postrer rincón; y de todos sus lados les traeré su ruina, dice Jehová.

33 Y Hasor será morada de chacales, soledad para siempre: ninguno morará allí, ni la habitará hijo de hombre.

34 Palabra de Jehová que fué á Jeremías profeta acerca de Elam, en el principio del reinado de Sedechîas rey de Judá, diciendo:

35 Así ha dicho Jehová de los ejércitos: He aquí que yo quiebro el arco de Elam, principio de su fortaleza.

36 Y traeré sobre Elam los cuatro vientos de los cuatro puntos del cielo, y aventarélos á todos estos vientos; ni habrá gente adonde no vengan extranjeros de Elam.

37 Y haré que Elam se intimide delante de sus enemigos, y delante de los que buscan su alma; y traeré sobre ellos mal, y el furor de mi enojo, dice Jehová; y enviaré en pos de ellos espada hasta que los acabe.

38 Y pondré mi silla en Elam, y destruiré de allí rey y príncipe, dice Jehová.

39 Mas acontecerá en lo postrero de los días, que haré tornar la cautividad de Elam, dice Jehová.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 115


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 139, 382, 390, 414, 583, 1172, 1228, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 20, 166, 208, 299, 331, 338, 343, ...

The Lord 4, 14, 53

The Last Judgment 61

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 158, 689


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 63, 195, 237, 280, 357, 400, ...

Invitación a la Nueva Iglesia 35

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 51

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ammón
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Jehová
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Heredero
'An heir,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:1, signifies the good that comes from truth. 'To become an heir, or to inherit,' signifies eternal life in...

rey
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

pueblo
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

habitó
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

rabba
Rabbath

fuego
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

aulla
To howl' signifies grief caused by vastation.

Hesbón
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

hai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

sacos
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

hija
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

tesoros
'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

seÑor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ejércitos
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

después
'A hind,' as mentioned in Genesis 49:21, signifies the affection of natural truth.

cautividad
Captivity and spoil (Daniel 11:33) signifies the deprivation of every truth and good.

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

Dedán
Dedan (Gen. 10) signifies the knowledges of celestial things of an inferior order, such as consist in ritual observances. Dedan, in Jer. 49:8 signifies rituals...

esaú
Esau (Gen. 28:5, etc.) signifies the truth of good in the natural principle. Esau (Gen. 32:3) signifies celestial good in the natural principle.

visitar
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

noche
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

simiente
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

hermanos
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

huérfanos
'Orphans' signify people who are in a state of innocence and charity, and desire to know and to do what is good but are not...

jurado
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

maldición
The Lord is love itself, and his love for us never wavers and never changes. What does waver and change is the degree to which...

Bosra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

batalla
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

corazón
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

águila
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

nido
To make a nest,' as in Jeremiah 48:28, when related to a bird, signifies the same thing as 'to dwell,' which is fulfilling the duties...

descender
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Plagas
'Plagues' signify evils of love, and falsities of faith. 'The plagues of Egypt' signify the falsities and lust which cause the church to perish. In...

Sodoma
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

hijo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

hombre
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

león
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

Jordán
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

pastor
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

pensamientos
There are thoughts from perception, from conscience, and from a lack of conscience. Thoughts from perception are only possible in the celestial, that is, people...

la tierra
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

tierra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

tembló
'To tremble,' as in Jeremiah 10:10, relates to the church when falsities are believed and called truths.

voz
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

bermejo
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

alas
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mujer
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Damasco
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

huir
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Babilonia
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

cortinas
Curtains (Exod. 26) signify the interior truths of faith, which are of the new intellectual principle. Curtains and cords (Jer. 4:20, and 10:20), signify spiritual...

vasos
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

camellos
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

puertas
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

lados
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Siempre
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

palabra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Jeremías
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

profeta
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Elam
Elam, mentioned in Isaiah 21:1, signifies faith originating in charity, consequently, the internal church. Elam, in Jeremiah 49:34, (Jer. 49:34), signifies the falsification of doctrine....

el principio
In the Word, "beginning" doesn't just mean the beginning of something in time. In the inner sense, it means the initial phase of a spiritual...

judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

cuatro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

del cielo
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

cielo
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

enemigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

alma
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Príncipe
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.


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