Éxodo 34

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Spanish: Reina Valera (1909)         

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1 Y JEHOVA dijo á Moisés: Alísate dos tablas de piedra como las primeras, y escribiré sobre esas tablas las palabras que estaban en las tablas primeras que quebraste.

2 Apercíbete, pues, para mañana, y sube por la mañana al monte de Sinaí, y estáme allí sobre la cumbre del monte.

3 Y no suba hombre contigo, ni parezca alguno en todo el monte; ni ovejas ni bueyes pazcan delante del monte.

4 Y Moisés alisó dos tablas de piedra como las primeras; y levantóse por la mañana, y subió al monte de Sinaí, como le mandó Jehová, y llevó en su mano las dos tablas de piedra.

5 Y Jehová descendió en la nube, y estuvo allí con él, proclamando el nombre de Jehová.

6 Y pasando Jehová por delante de él, proclamó: Jehová, Jehová, fuerte, misericordioso, y piadoso; tardo para la ira, y grande en benignidad y verdad;

7 Que guarda la misericordia en millares, que perdona la iniquidad, la rebelión, y el pecado, y que de ningún modo justificará al malvado; que visita la iniquidad de los padres sobre los hijos y sobre los hijos de los hijos, sobre los terceros, y sobre los

8 Entonces Moisés, apresurándose, bajó la cabeza hacia el suelo y encorvóse;

9 Y dijo: Si ahora, Señor, he hallado gracia en tus ojos, vaya ahora el Señor en medio de nosotros; porque este es pueblo de dura cerviz; y perdona nuestra iniquidad y nuestro pecado, y poséenos.

10 Y él dijo: He aquí, yo hago concierto delante de todo tu pueblo: haré maravillas que no han sido hechas en toda la tierra, ni en nación alguna; y verá todo el pueblo en medio del cual estás tú, la obra de Jehová; porque ha de ser cosa terrible la que yo h

11 Guarda lo que yo te mando hoy; he aquí que yo echo de delante de tu presencia al Amorrheo, y al Cananeo, y al Hetheo, y al Pherezeo, y al Heveo, y al Jebuseo.

12 Guárdate que no hagas alianza con los moradores de la tierra donde has de entrar, porque no sean por tropezadero en medio de ti:

13 Mas derribaréis sus altares, y quebraréis sus estatuas, y talaréis sus bosques:

14 Porque no te has de inclinar á dios ajeno; que Jehová, cuyo nombre es Celoso, Dios celoso es.

15 Por tanto no harás alianza con los moradores de aquella tierra; porque fornicarán en pos de sus dioses, y sacrificarán á sus dioses, y te llamarán, y comerás de sus sacrificios;

16 O tomando de sus hijas para tus hijos, y fornicando sus hijas en pos de sus dioses, harán también fornicar á tus hijos en pos de los dioses de ellas.

17 No harás dioses de fundición para ti.

18 La fiesta de los ázimos guardarás: siete días comerás por leudar, según te he mandado, en el tiempo del mes de Abib; porque en el mes de Abib saliste de Egipto.

19 Todo lo que abre matriz, mío es; y de tu ganado todo primerizo de vaca ó de oveja que fuere macho.

20 Empero redimirás con cordero el primerizo del asno; y si no lo redimieres, le has de cortar la cabeza. Redimirás todo primogénito de tus hijos, y no serán vistos vacíos delante de mí.

21 Seis días trabajarás, mas en el séptimo día cesarás: cesarás aun en la arada y en la siega.

22 Y te harás la fiesta de las semanas á los principios de la siega del trigo: y la fiesta de la cosecha á la vuelta del año.

23 Tres veces en el año será visto todo varón tuyo delante del Señoreador Jehová, Dios de Israel.

24 Porque yo arrojaré las gentes de tu presencia, y ensancharé tu término: y ninguno codiciará tu tierra, cuando tú subieres para ser visto delante de Jehová tu Dios tres veces en el año.

25 No ofrecerás con leudo la sangre de mi sacrificio; ni quedará de la noche para la mañana el sacrificio de la fiesta de la pascua.

26 La primicia de los primeros frutos de tu tierra meterás en la casa de Jehová tu Dios. No cocerás el cabrito en la leche de su madre.

27 Y Jehová dijo á Moisés: Escribe tú estas palabras; porque conforme á estas palabras he hecho la alianza contigo y con Israel.

28 Y él estuvo allí con Jehová cuarenta días y cuarenta noches: no comió pan, ni bebió agua; y escribió en tablas las palabras de la alianza, las diez palabras.

29 Y aconteció, que descendiendo Moisés del monte Sinaí con las dos tablas del testimonio en su mano, mientras descendía del monte, no sabía él que la tez de su rostro resplandecía, después que hubo con El hablado.

30 Y miró Aarón y todos los hijos de Israel á Moisés, y he aquí la tez de su rostro era resplandeciente; y tuvieron miedo de llegarse á él.

31 Y llamólos Moisés; y Aarón y todos los príncipes de la congregación volvieron á él, y Moisés les habló.

32 Y después se llegaron todos los hijos de Israel, á los cuales mandó todas las cosas que Jehová le había dicho en el monte de Sinaí.

33 Y cuando hubo acabado Moisés de hablar con ellos, puso un velo sobre su rostro.

34 Y cuando venía Moisés delante de Jehová para hablar con él, quitábase el velo hasta que salía; y saliendo, hablaba con los hijos de Israel lo que le era mandado;

35 Y veían los hijos de Israel el rostro de Moisés, que la tez de su rostro era resplandeciente; y volvía Moisés á poner el velo sobre su rostro, hasta que entraba á hablar con El.

← Éxodo 33   Éxodo 35 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl
Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 666, 1001, 1288, 1298, 1444, 2341, 2342, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 24, 134, 529, 662

Sacred Scripture 101

Doctrine of Life 59, 61

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 209, 264, 284, 286, 314, 325


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 257, 329, 392, 412, 594, 633, ...

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Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Génesis 15:18, 21, 24:3, 27

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Word/Phrase Explanations

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

piedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

mañana
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

monte
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

hombre
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Jehová
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

nube
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

nombre
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

misericordioso
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

verdad
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

pecado
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

padres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

hijos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

suelo
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

ojos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

nosotros
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

la tierra
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

tierra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

nación
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

guarda
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

hetheo
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

entrar
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

altares
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

Hijas
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Siete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

mandado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Mes
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

abib
The Passover, and the beginning of the Exodus from Egypt, happened during the month Abib, in the Hebrew calendar. Abib signifies the beginning of a...

egipto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

abre
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

Matriz
'Matrix' signifies opening of the spiritual mind.

ganado
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

asno
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

Primogénito
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

arada
'Ploughing' denotes preparation for good to receive truths.

siega
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

trigo
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

cosecha
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

visto
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Dios
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

término
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

sangre
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Pascua
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Leche
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

escribe
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

cuarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

noches
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

comió
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

pan
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

bebió
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

agua
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

escribió
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

palabras
'Words,' as in Exodus 34:28, signify everything pertaining to doctrine.

diez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

descendiendo
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

aarón
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, one during the first part of the exodus, when he was Moses' spokesperson, and another...

miedo
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

habló
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

después
'A hind,' as mentioned in Genesis 49:21, signifies the affection of natural truth.

de Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Bible Jeopardy Game: The Tabernacle
Use the Bible Jeopardy questions to review the story of the Tabernacle.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Shining Face of Moses
Project | Ages 4 - 14

 The Ten Commandments Received, The Golden Calf
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10


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