Éxodo 13

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Spanish: Reina Valera (1909)         

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1 Y JEHOVA habló á Moisés, diciendo:

2 Santifícame todo primogénito, cualquiera que abre matriz entre los hijos de Israel, así de los hombres como de los animales: mío es.

3 Y Moisés dijo al pueblo: Tened memoria de aqueste día, en el cual habéis salido de Egipto, de la casa de servidumbre; pues Jehová os ha sacado de aquí con mano fuerte; por tanto, no comeréis leudado.

4 Vosotros salís hoy en el mes de Abib.

5 Y cuando Jehová te hubiere metido en la tierra del Cananeo, y del Hetheo, y del Amorrheo, y del Hebeo, y del Jebuseo, la cual juró á tus padres que te daría, tierra que destila leche y miel, harás esta servicio en aqueste mes.

6 Siete días comerás por leudar, y el séptimo día será fiesta á Jehová.

7 Por los siete días se comerán los panes sin levadura; y no se verá contigo leudado, ni levadura en todo tu término.

8 Y contarás en aquel día á tu hijo, diciendo: Hácese esto con motivo de lo que Jehová hizo conmigo cuando me sacó de Egipto.

9 Y serte ha como una señal sobre tu mano, y como una memoria delante de tus ojos, para que la ley de Jehová esté en tu boca; por cuanto con mano fuerte te sacó Jehová de Egipto.

10 Por tanto, tú guardarás este rito en su tiempo de año en año.

11 Y cuando Jehová te hubiere metido en la tierra del Cananeo, como te ha jurado á ti y á tus padres, y cuando te la hubiere dado,

12 Harás pasar á Jehová todo lo que abriere la matriz, asimismo todo primerizo que abriere la matriz de tus animales: los machos serán de Jehová.

13 Mas todo primogénito de asno redimirás con un cordero; y si no lo redimieres, le degollarás: asimismo redimirás todo humano primogénito de tus hijos.

14 Y cuando mañana te preguntare tu hijo, diciendo: ¿Qué es esto? decirle has: Jehová nos sacó con mano fuerte de Egipto, de casa de servidumbre;

15 Y endureciéndose Faraón en no dejarnos ir, Jehová mató en la tierra de Egipto á todo primogénito, desde el primogénito humano hasta el primogénito de la bestia: y por esta causa yo sacrifico á Jehová todo primogénito macho, y redimo todo primogénito de mi

16 Serte ha, pues, como una señal sobre tu mano, y por una memoria delante de tus ojos; ya que Jehová nos sacó de Egipto con mano fuerte.

17 Y luego que Faraón dejó ir al pueblo, Dios no los llevó por el camino de la tierra de los Filisteos, que estaba cerca; porque dijo Dios: Que quizá no se arrepienta el pueblo cuando vieren la guerra, y se vuelvan á Egipto:

18 Mas hizo Dios al pueblo que rodease por el camino del desierto del mar Bermejo. Y subieron los hijos de Israel de Egipto armados.

19 Tomó también consigo Moisés los huesos de José, el cual había juramentado á los hijos de Israel, diciendo: Dios ciertamente os visitará, y haréis subir mis huesos de aquí con vosotros.

20 Y partidos de Succoth, asentaron campo en Etham, á la entrada del desierto.

21 Y Jehová iba delante de ellos de día en una columna de nube, para guiarlos por el camino; y de noche en una columna de fuego para alumbrarles; á fin de que anduviesen de día y de noche.

22 Nunca se partió de delante del pueblo la columna de nube de día, ni de noche la columna de fuego.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8038, 8039, 8040, 8041, 8042, 8043, 8044, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 352, 2342, 2913, 2916, 3325, 4925, 7989

Apocalypse Revealed 17, 468


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 28, 427, 504, 594, 659, 710, 725

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Vysvětlení slova/fráze

habló
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Primogénito
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

abre
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

matriz
'Matrix' signifies opening of the spiritual mind.

hijos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

animales
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

memoria
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Egipto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Jehová
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Mes
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

abib
The Passover, and the beginning of the Exodus from Egypt, happened during the month Abib, in the Hebrew calendar. Abib signifies the beginning of a...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

hetheo
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

juró
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

padres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Leche
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

miel
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

Servicio
'Service' denotes everything beneath, which is subordinate and obeys, and so, truth being derived from good, and ministering to good.

Siete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

séptimo
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Levadura
Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

término
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

hijo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ojos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

jurado
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

dado
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Pasar
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

asno
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

Faraón
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

bestia
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

camino
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

filisteos
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

guerra
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

Desierto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

bermejo
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

huesos
Bones are strong and supportive, providing a framework for our bodies and making motion and action possible. They are also the least "alive" part of...

José
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Succoth
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

columna
A pillar of a cloud by day,' and 'a pillar of fire by night,' as in Exodus 8:21, signifies a state of illustration which is...

nube
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

noche
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

fuego
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

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