Deuteronomio 5

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1 Y LLAMO Moisés á todo Israel, y díjoles: Oye, Israel, los estatutos y derechos que yo pronuncio hoy en vuestros oídos: y aprendedlos, y guardadlos, para ponerlos por obra.

2 Jehová nuestro Dios hizo pacto con nosotros en Horeb.

3 No con nuestros padres hizo Jehová este pacto, sino con nosotros todos los que estamos aquí hoy vivos.

4 Cara á Cara habló Jehová con vosotros en el monte de en medio del fuego,

5 (Yo estaba entonces entre Jehová y vosotros, para denunciaros la palabra de Jehová; porque vosotros tuvisteis temor del fuego, y no subisteis al monte;) diciendo:

6 Yo soy Jehová tu Dios, que te saqué de tierra de Egipto, de casa de siervos.

7 No tendrás dioses extraños delante de mí.

8 No harás para ti escultura, ni imagen alguna de cosa que está arriba en los cielos, ó abajo en la tierra, ó en las aguas debajo de la tierra:

9 No te inclinarás á ellas ni les servirás: porque yo soy Jehová tu Dios, fuerte, celoso, que visito la iniquidad de los padres sobre los hijos, y sobre los terceros, y sobre los cuartos, á los que me aborrecen,

10 Y que hago misericordia á millares á los que me aman, y guardan mis mandamientos.

11 No tomarás en vano el nombre de Jehová tu Dios; porque Jehová no dará por inocente al que tomare en vano su nombre.

12 Guardarás el día del reposo para santificarlo, como Jehová tu Dios te ha mandado.

13 Seis días trabajarás y harás toda tu obra:

14 Mas el séptimo es reposo á Jehová tu Dios: ninguna obra harás tú, ni tu hijo, ni tu hija, ni tu siervo, ni tu sierva, ni tu buey, ni tu asno, ni ningún animal tuyo, ni tu peregrino que está dentro de tus puertas: porque descanse tu siervo y tu sierva como

15 Y acuérdate que fuiste siervo en tierra de Egipto, y que Jehová tu Dios te sacó de allá con mano fuerte y brazo extendido: por lo cual Jehová tu Dios te ha mandado que guardes el día del reposo.

16 Honra á tu padre y á tu madre, como Jehová tu Dios te ha mandado, para que sean prolongados tus días, y para que te vaya bien sobre la tierra que Jehová tu Dios te da.

17 No matarás.

18 No adulterarás.

19 No hurtarás.

20 No dirás falso testimonio contra tu prójimo.

21 No codiciarás la mujer de tu prójimo, ni desearás la casa de tu prójimo, ni su tierra, ni su siervo, ni su sierva, ni su buey, ni su asno, ni ninguna cosa que sea de tu prójimo.

22 Estas palabras habló Jehová á toda vuestra congregación en el monte, de en medio del fuego, de la nube y de la oscuridad, á gran voz: y no añadió más. Y escribiólas en dos tablas de piedra, las cuales me dió á mí.

23 Y aconteció, que como vosotros oisteis la voz de en medio de las tinieblas, y visteis al monte que ardía en fuego, llegasteis á mí todos los príncipes de vuestras tribus, y vuestros ancianos;

24 Y dijisteis: He aquí, Jehová nuestro Dios nos ha mostrado su gloria y su grandeza, y hemos oído su voz de en medio del fuego: hoy hemos visto que Jehová habla al hombre, y éste vive.

25 Ahora pues, ¿por qué moriremos? que este gran fuego nos consumirá: si tornáremos á oir la voz de Jehová nuestro Dios, moriremos.

26 Porque, ¿qué es toda carne, para que oiga la voz del Dios viviente que habla de en medio del fuego, como nosotros la oímos, y viva?

27 Llega tú, y oye todas las cosas que dijere Jehová nuestro Dios; y tú nos dirás todo lo que Jehová nuestro Dios te dijere, y nosotros oiremos y haremos.

28 Y oyó Jehová la voz de vuestras palabras, cuando me hablabais; y díjome Jehová: He oído la voz de las palabras de este pueblo, que ellos te han hablado: bien está todo lo que han dicho.

29 Quién diera que tuviesen tal corazón, que me temiesen, y guardasen todos los días todos mis mandamientos, para que á ellos y á sus hijos les fuese bien para siempre!

30 Ve, diles: Volveos á vuestras tiendas.

31 Y tú estáte aquí conmigo, y te diré todos los mandamientos, y estatutos, y derechos que les has de enseñar, a fin que los pongan ahora por obra en la tierra que yo les doy para poseerla.

32 Mirad, pues, que hagáis como Jehová vuestro Dios os ha mandado: no os apartéis á diestra ni á siniestra;

33 Andad en todo camino que Jehová vuestro Dios os ha mandado, para que viváis, y os vaya bien, y tengáis largos días en la tierra que habéis de poseer.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 5      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-5. The keeping the commandments and obeying the Divine will as given in the Word is the covenant to conjoin the soul with heaven.

Verses 6-21. The Ten Commandments, which are a summary of the Divine Law (For the full explanation of the Ten Commandments see Arcana Coelestia 8863-8912. It is perhaps scarcely necessary to state here that the fact of the moral commands containing a spiritual sense does not mean any weakening of the literal sense.)

Verses 22-29. The perception of the perfections of the Divine Being; and the utter discordance of its desires and thoughts therewith, alarms the soul.

Verses 30-33. Instruction that if the soul leads a good life as far as it can, it receives a perception of truth accommodated to its state which leads it on by degrees.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 448, 488, 1298, 1861, 2009, 2575, 2826, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 81, 216, 527, 529

Doctrine of Life 59, 60

True Christian Religion 284, 285, 291, 301, 305, 325


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 102, 412, 504, 532, 587, 594, 608, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 35, 43

The White Horse - Appendix 1

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Významy biblických slov

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

oye
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

estatutos
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Jehová
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

nosotros
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Padres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

cara
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

habló
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

monte
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Medio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

fuego
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

palabra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

Egipto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

siervos
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Dioses
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

Imagen
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

los cielos
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

Cielos
El "aire" en la Biblia representa el pensamiento, pero de una manera muy general - más como nuestra capacidad de percibir ideas y la forma...

abajo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

las aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

aguas
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

debajo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

iniquidad
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

hijos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

misericordia
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

nombre
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Día
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

mandado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Hijo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

hija
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

siervo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

asno
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

animal
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

peregrino
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

puertas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

brazo
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

da
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mujer
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

palabras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

congregación
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

Nube
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

voz
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

piedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

en medio de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

tinieblas
"Oscuridad" es un estado sin luz. La "luz" es la verdad del Señor, así que la "oscuridad" representa un estado en el que falta la...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Ancianos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

visto
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

habla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

hablado
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Siempre
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

Camino
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

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 Quotes: Love Me and Keep My Commandments
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Importance of the Ten Commandments
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

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