Deuteronomio 19

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1 CUANDO Jehová tu Dios talare las gentes, cuya tierra Jehová tu Dios te da á ti, y tú las heredares, y habitares en sus ciudades, y en sus casas;

2 Te apartarás tres ciudades en medio de tu tierra que Jehová tu Dios te da para que la poseas.

3 Arreglarte has el camino, y dividirás en tres partes el término de tu tierra, que Jehová tu Dios te dará en heredad, y será para que todo homicida se huya allí.

4 Y este es el caso del homicida que ha de huir allí, y vivirá: el que hiriere á su prójimo por yerro, que no le tenía enemistad desde ayer ni antes de ayer:

5 Como el que fué con su prójimo al monte á cortar leña, y poniendo fuerza con su mano en el hacha para cortar algún leño, saltó el hierro del cabo, y encontró á su prójimo, y murió; aquél huirá á una de aquestas ciudades, y vivirá;

6 No sea que el pariente del muerto vaya tras el homicida, cuando se enardeciere su corazón, y le alcance por ser largo el camino, y le hiera de muerte, no debiendo ser condenado á muerte; por cuanto no tenía enemistad desde ayer ni antes de ayer con el mue

7 Por tanto yo te mando, diciendo: Tres ciudades te apartarás.

8 Y si Jehová tu Dios ensanchare tu término, como lo juró á tus padres, y te diere toda la tierra que dijo á tus padres que había de dar;

9 Cuando guardases todos estos mandamientos, que yo te prescribo hoy, para ponerlos por obra, que ames á Jehová tu Dios y andes en sus caminos todos los días, entonces añadirás tres ciudades á más de estas tres;

10 Porque no sea derramada sangre inocente en medio de tu tierra, que Jehová tu Dios te da por heredad, y sea sobre ti sangre.

11 Mas cuando hubiere alguno que aborreciere á su prójimo, y lo acechare, y se levantare sobre él, y lo hiriere de muerte, y muriere, y huyere á alguna de estas ciudades;

12 Entonces los ancianos de su ciudad enviarán y lo sacarán de allí, y entregarlo han en mano del pariente del muerto, y morirá.

13 No le perdonará tu ojo: y quitarás de Israel la sangre inocente, y te irá bien.

14 No reducirás el término de tu prójimo, el cual señalaron los antiguos en tu heredad, la que poseyeres en la tierra que Jehová tu Dios te da para que la poseas.

15 No valdrá un testigo contra ninguno en cualquier delito, ó en cualquier pecado, en cualquier pecado que se cometiere. En el dicho de dos testigos, ó en el dicho de tres testigos consistirá el negocio.

16 Cuando se levantare testigo falso contra alguno, para testificar contra él rebelión,

17 Entonces los dos hombres litigantes se presentarán delante de Jehová, delante de los sacerdotes y jueces que fueren en aquellos días:

18 Y los jueces inquirirán bien, y si pareciere ser aquél testigo falso, que testificó falsamente contra su hermano,

19 Haréis á él como él pensó hacer á su hermano: y quitarás el mal de en medio de ti.

20 Y los que quedaren oirán, y temerán, y no volverán más á hacer una mala cosa como ésta, en medio de ti.

21 Y no perdonará tu ojo: vida por vida, ojo por ojo, diente por diente, mano por mano, pie por pie.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 19      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. When the soul follows sincerely the truths it knows, faults committed through ignorance do not bring guilt or hurt to the soul.

Verses 4-10. An example of this.

Verses 11-13. But theories which are maliciously and persistently against charity are to be destroyed.

Verse 14. The highest standard of good and truth the soul can reach to be rigidly maintained.

Verse 15. One unconfirmed truth not to condemn anything, but several agreeing together to be taken as a proof of evil.

Verses 16-21. On the decisions in the soul between evil and good, and between truth and falsity. Evil and falsity when brought to light to be destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 6353, 8223, 8908, 9011, 9262

Apocalypse Revealed 167, 505, 610, 774


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 329, 556, 750, 1145

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Významy biblických slov

Jehová
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dios
El Señor es el amor mismo, expresado en la forma de la sabiduría misma. El amor, entonces, es su esencia, su interior. La sabiduría -...

Tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

da
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Ciudades
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

en medio de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Medio
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Camino
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

término
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

Huir
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Hierro
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

encontró
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

murió
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Largo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

mando
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

juró
'To sware' is a binding.

Padres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

la tierra
"Tierra" en la Biblia puede significar una persona o un grupo de personas con ideas afines como en una iglesia. Pero se refiere específicamente a...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dar
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hoy
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sangre
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

Ancianos
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

Ciudad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Muerto
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

ojo
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

testigo
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

pecado
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

testigos
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

jueces
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Hermano
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

mal
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

diente
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

Pie
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...


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