Sudije 5

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1 I u taj dan peva Devora i Varak sin Avinejemov govoreći:

2 Blagosiljajte Gospoda što učini osvetu u Izrailju i što narod dragovoljno prista.

3 Čujte carevi, slušajte knezovi; ja, ja ću Gospodu pevati, popevaću Gospodu Bogu Izrailjevom.

4 Gospode! Kad si silazio sa Sira, kad si išao iz polja edomskog, zemlja se tresaše, i nebesa kapahu, oblaci kapahu vodom.

5 Brda se rastapahu pred Gospodom; taj Sinaj pred Gospodom Bogom Izrailjevim.

6 Za vremena Samegara sina Anatovog, za vremena Jailjinog nesta puteva, i koji iđahu stazama, iđahu krivim putevima.

7 Nesta sela u Izrailju, nesta ih, dokle ne nastah ja, Devora, dokle ne nastah majka Izrailju.

8 On izabra nove bogove, tada rat beše na vratima; viđaše li se štit ili koplje među četrdeset hiljada u Izrailju?

9 Srce se moje privilo k upraviteljima Izrailjevim, koji dragovoljno pristaše između naroda. Blagosiljajte Gospoda.

10 Koji jašete na belim magaricama, koji sedite u sudu i koji hodite po putevima, pripovedajte.

11 Prestala je praska streljačka na mestima gde se voda crpe; onde neka pripovedaju pravdu Gospodnju, pravdu k selima njegovim u Izrailju; tada će narod Gospodnji silaziti na vrata.

12 Ustani, ustani, Devoro; ustani, ustani, zapevaj pesmu; ustani, Varače, vodi u ropstvo roblje svoje, sine Avinejemov.

13 Sada će potlačeni ovladati silnima iz naroda; Gospod mi dade da vladam silnima.

14 Iz Jefrema iziđe koren njihov na Amalike; za tobom beše Venijamin s narodom tvojim; od Mahira iziđoše koji postavljaju zakone, a od Zavulona pisari.

15 I knezovi Isaharovi biše s Devorom, Isahar kao i Varak bi poslan u dolinu s ljudima koje vođaše. U delu Ruvimovom behu ljudi visokih misli.

16 Što si sedeo među torovima slušajući kako bleje stada? U delu Ruvimovom behu ljudi visokih misli.

17 Galad osta s one strane Jordana; a Dan što se zabavi kod lađa; Asir zašto sede na bregu morskom i u krševima svojim osta?

18 Zavulon je narod koji dade dušu svoju na smrt, tako i Neftalim, na visokom polju.

19 Dođoše carevi, biše se; biše se carevi hananski u Tanahu na vodi megidskoj; ali ni mrve srebra ne dobiše.

20 S neba se vojeva, zvezde s mesta svojih vojevaše na Sisaru.

21 Potok Kison odnese ih, Potok Kadimin, Potok Kison; pogazila si, dušo moja, snažno.

22 Tada izotpadaše konjima kopita od teranja junaka njihovih.

23 Proklinjite Miroz, reče anđeo Gospodnji, proklinjite stanovnike njegove; jer ne dođoše u pomoćGospodu, u pomoćGospodu s junacima.

24 Da je blagoslovena mimo žene Jailja žena Evera Kenejina; mimo žene u šatorima da je blagoslovena.

25 Zaiska vode, mleka mu dade, u gospodskoj zdeli donese mu pavlaku.

26 Levom rukom maši se za kolac a desnom za malj kovački, i udari Sisaru, razmrska mu glavu; probode i probi mu slepe oči.

27 Među noge njene savi se, pade, leže, među noge njene savi se, pade gde se savi, onde pade mrtav.

28 S prozora gledaše majka Sisarina, i kroz rešetku vikaše: Što se tako dugo ne vraćaju kola njegova? Što se tako polako miču točkovi kola njegovih?

29 Najmudrije između dvorkinja njenih odgovarahu joj, a i sama odgovaraše sebi:

30 Nisu li našli? Ne dele li plen? Po jednu devojku, po dve devojke na svakog. Plen šaren Sisari, plen šaren, vezen; šaren, vezen s obe strane, oko vrata onima koji zapeniše.

31 Tako da izginu svi neprijatelji Tvoji, Gospode; a koji te ljube da budu kao sunce kad izlazi u sili svojoj. I zemlja bi mirna četrdeset godina.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Sudije 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

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