Sudije 3

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1 A ovo su narodi koje ostavi Gospod da njima kuša Izrailj, sve one koji ne znahu za ratove hananske,

2 Da bi barem nasleđe sinova Izrailjevih znalo i razumelo šta je rat, barem oni koji od pre nisu znali:

3 Pet kneževina filistejskih, i svi Hananeji i Sidonci i Jeveji, koji življahu na gori Livanu od gore Val-Ermona do Emata.

4 Ti narodi ostaše da se Izrailj njima kuša, da se vidi hoće li slušati zapovesti Gospodnje, koje je zapovedio ocima njihovim preko Mojsija.

5 I življahu sinovi Izrailjevi usred Hananeja i Heteja i Amoreja i Ferezeja i Jeveja i Jevuseja.

6 I ženjahu se kćerima njihovim i udavahu kćeri svoje za sinove njihove, i služahu bogovima njihovim.

7 I činjahu sinovi Izrailjevi što je zlo pred Gospodom, i zaboraviše Gospoda Boga svog i služahu Valima i lugovima.

8 Zato se razgnevi Gospod na Izrailja, i dade ih u ruke Husan-Risatajimu caru mesopotamskom; i služaše sinovi Izrailjevi Husan-Risatajimu osam godina.

9 Potom vapiše sinovi Izrailjevi ka Gospodu, i podiže Gospod izbavitelja sinovima Izrailjevim da ih izbavi, Gotonila sina Kenezovog, mlađeg brata Halevovog,

10 I beše na njemu duh Gospodnji, i suđaše Izrailju; i iziđe na vojsku, i predade mu Gospod u ruke Husan-Risatajima cara mesopotamskog; i ruka njegova nadjača Husan-Risatajima.

11 I zemlja bi mirna četrdeset godina. Potom umre Gotonilo sin Kenezov.

12 A sinovi Izrailjevi stadoše opet činiti što je zlo pred Gospodom; a Gospod ukrepi Eglona cara moavskog na Izrailja, jer činjahu što je zlo pred Gospodom.

13 Jer skupi k sebi sinove Amonove i Amalike, i izašavši pobi Izrailja, i osvojiše grad palmov.

14 I sinovi Izrailjevi služiše Eglonu caru moavskom osamnaest godina.

15 Potom vapiše sinovi Izrailjevi ka Gospodu; i Gospod im podiže izbavitelja Aoda sina Gire sina Venijaminovog, čoveka koji beše levak. I poslaše sinovi Izrailjevi po njemu dar Eglonu caru moavskom.

16 A Aod načini sebi mač sa obe strane oštar, od lakta u dužinu; i pripasa ga pod haljine svoje uz desnu bedricu.

17 I odnese dar Eglonu caru moavskom; a Eglon beše čovek vrlo debeo.

18 I kad predade dar, otpusti ljude koji su nosili dar.

19 Pa sam vrati se od likova kamenih, koji behu kod Galgala, reče: Imam, care, neku tajnu da ti kažem. A on reče: Ćuti! I otidoše od njega svi koji stajahu pred njim.

20 A Aod pristupi k njemu; a on seđaše sam u letnjoj sobi; pa reče Aod: Reč Božju imam da ti kažem. Tada on usta s prestola.

21 A Aod poteže levom rukom svojom i uze mač od desne bedrice i satera mu ga u trbuh,

22 I držak uđe za mačem, i salo se sklopi za mačem, te ne može izvući mača iz trbuha; i iziđe nečist.

23 Potom iziđe Aod iz sobe, i zatvori vrata za sobom i zaključa.

24 A kad on otide, dođoše sluge, i pogledaše, a to vrata od sobe zaključana, pa rekoše: Valjda ide napolje u kleti do letnje sobe.

25 I većim se dosadi čekati a vrata se od sobe ne otvaraju, te uzeše ključ i otvoriše, a gle, gospodar im leži na zemlji mrtav.

26 A Aod dokle se oni zabaviše pobeže i prođe likove kamene, i uteče u Seriot.

27 A kad dođe, zatrubi u trubu u gori Jefremovoj; i siđoše s njim sinovi Izrailjevi s gore, a on napred.

28 Pa im reče: Hajdete za mnom, jer Gospod predade vam u ruke neprijatelje vaše Moavce. I siđoše za njim, i uzeše Moavcima brodove jordanske, i ne davahu nikome preći.

29 I tada pobiše Moavce, oko deset hiljada ljudi, sve bogate i hrabre, i ni jedan ne uteče.

30 Tako u taj dan potpadoše Moavci pod ruku Izrailjevu; i zemlja bi mirna osamdeset godina.

31 A posle njega nasta Samegar sin Anatov, i pobi šest stotina Filisteja ostanom volujskim, i izbavi i on Izrailja.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Nebeske Tajne 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Významy biblických slov

narodi
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

rat
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

pre
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Pet
Five also signifies all things of one part.

Izrailj
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

slušati
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

kćeri
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Boga
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

osam
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

brata
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

ruka
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

četrdeset
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

zlo
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Grad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

sina
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

strane
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

dužinu
'Length' symbolizes goodness, here, the goodness of the church, for the same reason that 'breadth' symbolizes truth. This is because 'length means the sweep of...

galgala
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

reč
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

mač
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

trbuh
The belly (Psalms 16:4) signifies the interior understanding.

uđe
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

mačem
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

mača
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

zatvori
There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

Vrata
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

ne
For something to “fail” in the Bible means there is not enough understanding of truth and desire for good for someone to attain a higher...

gospodar
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

zemlji
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Mrtav
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

trubu
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

Jefremovoj
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

sinovi
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Izrailjevi
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Gospod
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

ruke
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

deset
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Dan
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ruku
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Zemlja
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

osamdeset
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

posle
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

Sin
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

pobi
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

šest
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

stotina
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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