Sudije 3

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1 A ovo su narodi koje ostavi Gospod da njima kuša Izrailj, sve one koji ne znahu za ratove hananske,

2 Da bi barem nasleđe sinova Izrailjevih znalo i razumelo šta je rat, barem oni koji od pre nisu znali:

3 Pet kneževina filistejskih, i svi Hananeji i Sidonci i Jeveji, koji življahu na gori Livanu od gore Val-Ermona do Emata.

4 Ti narodi ostaše da se Izrailj njima kuša, da se vidi hoće li slušati zapovesti Gospodnje, koje je zapovedio ocima njihovim preko Mojsija.

5 I življahu sinovi Izrailjevi usred Hananeja i Heteja i Amoreja i Ferezeja i Jeveja i Jevuseja.

6 I ženjahu se kćerima njihovim i udavahu kćeri svoje za sinove njihove, i služahu bogovima njihovim.

7 I činjahu sinovi Izrailjevi što je zlo pred Gospodom, i zaboraviše Gospoda Boga svog i služahu Valima i lugovima.

8 Zato se razgnevi Gospod na Izrailja, i dade ih u ruke Husan-Risatajimu caru mesopotamskom; i služaše sinovi Izrailjevi Husan-Risatajimu osam godina.

9 Potom vapiše sinovi Izrailjevi ka Gospodu, i podiže Gospod izbavitelja sinovima Izrailjevim da ih izbavi, Gotonila sina Kenezovog, mlađeg brata Halevovog,

10 I beše na njemu duh Gospodnji, i suđaše Izrailju; i iziđe na vojsku, i predade mu Gospod u ruke Husan-Risatajima cara mesopotamskog; i ruka njegova nadjača Husan-Risatajima.

11 I zemlja bi mirna četrdeset godina. Potom umre Gotonilo sin Kenezov.

12 A sinovi Izrailjevi stadoše opet činiti što je zlo pred Gospodom; a Gospod ukrepi Eglona cara moavskog na Izrailja, jer činjahu što je zlo pred Gospodom.

13 Jer skupi k sebi sinove Amonove i Amalike, i izašavši pobi Izrailja, i osvojiše grad palmov.

14 I sinovi Izrailjevi služiše Eglonu caru moavskom osamnaest godina.

15 Potom vapiše sinovi Izrailjevi ka Gospodu; i Gospod im podiže izbavitelja Aoda sina Gire sina Venijaminovog, čoveka koji beše levak. I poslaše sinovi Izrailjevi po njemu dar Eglonu caru moavskom.

16 A Aod načini sebi mač sa obe strane oštar, od lakta u dužinu; i pripasa ga pod haljine svoje uz desnu bedricu.

17 I odnese dar Eglonu caru moavskom; a Eglon beše čovek vrlo debeo.

18 I kad predade dar, otpusti ljude koji su nosili dar.

19 Pa sam vrati se od likova kamenih, koji behu kod Galgala, reče: Imam, care, neku tajnu da ti kažem. A on reče: Ćuti! I otidoše od njega svi koji stajahu pred njim.

20 A Aod pristupi k njemu; a on seđaše sam u letnjoj sobi; pa reče Aod: Reč Božju imam da ti kažem. Tada on usta s prestola.

21 A Aod poteže levom rukom svojom i uze mač od desne bedrice i satera mu ga u trbuh,

22 I držak uđe za mačem, i salo se sklopi za mačem, te ne može izvući mača iz trbuha; i iziđe nečist.

23 Potom iziđe Aod iz sobe, i zatvori vrata za sobom i zaključa.

24 A kad on otide, dođoše sluge, i pogledaše, a to vrata od sobe zaključana, pa rekoše: Valjda ide napolje u kleti do letnje sobe.

25 I većim se dosadi čekati a vrata se od sobe ne otvaraju, te uzeše ključ i otvoriše, a gle, gospodar im leži na zemlji mrtav.

26 A Aod dokle se oni zabaviše pobeže i prođe likove kamene, i uteče u Seriot.

27 A kad dođe, zatrubi u trubu u gori Jefremovoj; i siđoše s njim sinovi Izrailjevi s gore, a on napred.

28 Pa im reče: Hajdete za mnom, jer Gospod predade vam u ruke neprijatelje vaše Moavce. I siđoše za njim, i uzeše Moavcima brodove jordanske, i ne davahu nikome preći.

29 I tada pobiše Moavce, oko deset hiljada ljudi, sve bogate i hrabre, i ni jedan ne uteče.

30 Tako u taj dan potpadoše Moavci pod ruku Izrailjevu; i zemlja bi mirna osamdeset godina.

31 A posle njega nasta Samegar sin Anatov, i pobi šest stotina Filisteja ostanom volujskim, i izbavi i on Izrailja.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Sudije 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

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