Sudije 2

Study

           

1 I dođe anđeo Gospodnji od Galgala u Vokim i reče: Izveo sam vas iz Misira i doveo vas u zemlju za koju sam se zakleo ocima vašim; i rekoh: Neću pokvariti zavet svoj s vama doveka.

2 A vi ne hvatajte veru sa stanovnicima te zemlje, oltare njihove raskopajte. Ali ne poslušaste glas moj. Šta ste to učinili?

3 Zato i ja rekoh: Neću ih odagnati ispred vas, nego će vam biti kao trnje, i bogovi njihovi biće vam zamka.

4 A kad izgovori anđeo Gospodnji ove reči svim sinovima Izrailjevim, narod podiže glas svoj i plaka.

5 Zato prozvaše ono mesto Vokim; i onde prinesoše žrtve Gospodu.

6 A Isus raspusti narod, i raziđoše se sinovi Izrailjevi svaki na svoje nasledstvo, da naslede zemlju.

7 I služi narod Gospodu svega veka Isusovog i svega veka starešina koji živeše dugo iza Isusa koje behu videle sva velika dela Gospodnja što učini Izrailju.

8 Ali umre Isus sin Navin sluga Gospodnji, kad mu beše sto i deset godina.

9 I pogreboše ga u međama nasledstva njegovog u Tamnat-Aresu u gori Jefremovoj sa severa gori Gasu.

10 I sav onaj naraštaj pribra se k ocima svojim, i nasta drugi naraštaj iza njih, koji ne poznavaše Gospoda ni dela koja je učinio Izrailju.

11 I sinovi Izrailjevi, činiše što je zlo pred Gospodom, i služiše Valima.

12 I ostaviše Gospoda Boga otaca svojih, koji ih je izveo iz zemlje misirske, i pođoše za drugim bogovima između bogova onih naroda koji behu oko njih, i klanjaše im se, i razgneviše Gospoda.

13 I ostaviše Gospoda, i služiše Valu i Astarotama.

14 I razgnevi se Gospod na Izrailja, i dade ih u ruke ljudima koji ih plenjahu, i prodade ih u ruke neprijateljima njihovim unaokolo, i ne mogaše se više držati pred neprijateljima svojim.

15 Kud god polažahu, ruka Gospodnja beše protiv njih na zlo, kao što beše rekao Gospod i kao što im se beše zakleo Gospod; i behu u velikoj nevolji.

16 Tada im Gospod podizaše sudije, koji ih izbavljahu iz ruku onih što ih plenjahu.

17 Ali ni sudija svojih ne slušaše, nego činiše preljubu za drugim bogovima, i klanjaše im se; brzo zađoše s puta kojim idoše oci njihovi slušajući zapovesti Gospodnje; oni ne činiše tako.

18 I kad im Gospod podizaše sudije, beše Gospod sa svakim sudijom, i izbavljaše ih iz ruku neprijatelja njihovih svega veka sudijinog; jer se sažali Gospod radi njihovog uzdisanja na one koji im krivo činjahu i koji ih cveljahu.

19 A kad sudija umre, oni se vraćahu opet i bivahu gori od otaca svojih idući za bogovima drugim i služeći im i klanjajući im se; ne ostavljahu se dela svojih niti puteva svojih opakih.

20 Zato se raspali gnev Gospodnji na Izrailja, i reče: Kad je taj narod prestupio moj zavet koji sam zapovedi ocima njihovim, i ne poslušaše glas moj,

21 Ni ja neću više nijednoga goniti ispred njih između naroda koje ostavi Isus kad umre,

22 Da njima kušam Izrailja hoće li se držati puta Gospodnjeg hodeći po njemu, kao što su se držali oci njihovi, ili neće.

23 I Gospod ostavi te narode i ne izagna ih odmah ne predavši ih u ruke Isusu.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Sudije 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: