Sudije 1

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1 A po smrti Isusovoj upitaše sinovi Izrailjevi Gospoda govoreći: Ko će između nas ići prvi na Hananeje da se bije s njima?

2 I Gospod reče: Juda neka ide; eto dao sam mu zemlju u ruke.

3 A Juda reče Simeunu bratu svom: Hajde sa mnom na moj deo da se bijemo s Hananejima; pak ću i ja ići s tobom na tvoj deo. I pođe Simeun s njim.

4 I iziđe Juda; i dade im Gospod Hananeje i Ferezeje u ruke, i pobiše ih u Vezeku deset hiljada ljudi.

5 Jer nađoše Adoni-Vezeka u Vezeku, i udariše na nj, i pobiše Hananeje i Ferezeje.

6 I pobeže Adoni-Vezek, a oni ga poteraše i uhvativši ga odsekoše mu palce u ruku i u nogu.

7 Tada reče Adoni-Vezek: Sedamdeset careva odsečenih palaca u ruku i u nogu kupiše šta beše pod mojim stolom; kako sam činio, tako mi plati Bog. I odvedoše ga u Jerusalim, i onde umre.

8 Jer sinovi Judini udariše na Jerusalim i uzeše ga, i isekoše građane oštrim mačem, a grad sažegoše ognjem.

9 Potom iziđoše sinovi Judini da vojuju na Hananeje, koji življahu u gori i na jugu i u ravni.

10 I Juda iziđe na Hananeje koji življahu u Hevronu, a Hevronu beše pre ime Kirijat-Arva; i pobiše Sesaja i Ahimana i Talmaja.

11 A odatle otidoše na Davirane, a Daviru pre beše ime Kirijat-Sefer.

12 I reče Halev: Ko savlada Kirijat-Sefer i uzme ga, daću mu Ahsu kćer svoju za ženu.

13 I uze ga Gotonilo, sin Kenezov, mlađi brat Halevov; i dade mu Ahsu kćer svoju za ženu.

14 I kad polažaše, nagovaraše je da ište u oca njenog polje: Pa skoči s magarca. A Halev joj reče: Šta ti je?

15 A ona mu reče: Daj mi dar; kad si mi dao suvu zemlju, daj mi i izvore vodene. I dade joj Halev izvore gornje i izvore donje.

16 A i sinovi Keneja tasta Mojsijevog iziđoše iz grada palmovog sa sinovima Judinim u pustinju Judinu, koja je na jugu od Arada. I došavši življahu s narodom.

17 Potom iziđe Juda sa Simeunom bratom svojim, i pobiše Hananeje koji življahu u Sefatu, i raskopaše ga, i prozva se grad Orma.

18 I Gazu uze Juda s međama njenim, i Askalon s međama njegovim, i Akaron s međama njegovim.

19 Jer Gospod beše s Judom, te osvoji goru; ali ne izagna one koji življahu u dolini, jer imahu gvozdena kola.

20 I dadoše Halevu Hevron, kao što beše zapovedio Mojsije, a on izagna odande tri sina Enakova.

21 A sinovi Venijaminovi ne izagnaše Jevuseja koji življahu u Jerusalimu; nego Jevuseji ostaše u Jerusalimu sa sinovima Venijaminovim do ovog dana.

22 Iziđoše i sinovi Josifovi na Vetilj, i Gospod beše s njima.

23 I uhodiše Vetilj sinovi Josifovi, a ime gradu beše pre Luz.

24 I uhode videše čoveka koji iđaše iz grada i rekoše mu: Hajde pokaži nam kuda ćemo ući u grad, pa ćemo ti učiniti milost.

25 A on im pokaza kuda će ući u grad: i isekoše u gradu sve oštrim mačem, a onog čoveka pustiše sa svom porodicom njegovom.

26 I otide onaj čovek u zemlju hetejsku, i onde sazida grad, i prozva ga Luz; to mu je ime do danas.

27 A Manasija ne izagna stanovnike iz Vet-Sana i sela njegovih, ni iz Tanaha i sela njegovih, ni stanovnike iz Dora i sela njegovih, ni stanovnike iz Ivleama i sela njegovih, ni stanovnike iz Megida i sela njegovih; i Hananeji stadoše živeti u toj zemlji.

28 A kad ojača Izrailj, udari na Hananeje danak, ali ih ne izagna.

29 Ni Jefrem ne izagna Hananeje koji življahu u Gezeru; nego ostaše Hananeji s njim u Gezeru.

30 Zavulon ne izagna stanovnike iz Kitrona, ni stanovnike iz Nalola; nego ostaše Hananeji s njim, i plaćahu danak.

31 Asir ne izagna stanovnike iz Akona, ni stanovnike iz Sidona ni iz Alava, ni iz Ahaziva, ni iz Helve, ni iz Afika, ni iz Reova;

32 Nego Asir življaše među Hananejima, stanovnicima one zemlje, jer ih ne izagna.

33 Neftalim ne izagna stanovnike iz Vet-Semesa, ni stanovnike iz Vet-Anata; nego življaše među Hananejima stanovnicima one zemlje; i stanovnici u Vet-Semesu i u Vet-Anatu plaćahu im danak.

34 A Amoreji pritešnjavahu sinove Danove u gori, i ne davahu im silaziti u dolinu.

35 I Amoreji stadoše živeti u gori Eresu, u Ajalonu i u Salvimu; a kad osili ruka doma Josifovog, plaćaše danak.

36 A međa Amorejima beše od gore akravimske, od stene pa naviše.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Sudije 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

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The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

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