Isus Navin 9

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1 A kad to čuše svi carevi koji behu s ove strane Jordana po brdima i po dolinama i po svom bregu velikog mora dori do Livana, Hetejin i Amorejin, Hananejin, Ferezejin, Jevejin i Jevusejin,

2 Skupiše se svi da se složno biju s Isusom i s Izrailjem.

3 A koji življahu u Gavaonu čuvši šta učini Isus od Jerihona i od Gaja,

4 Učiniše i oni prevaru; jer odoše i načiniše se poslanici, i uzeše stare torbe na svoje magarce i stare mehove vinske, poderane i iskrpljene,

5 I obuću staru i iskrpljenu na noge svoje, i haljine stare na se; i sav hleb što ponesoše na put beše suv i plesnjiv.

6 I odoše k Isusu u logor u Galgal, i rekoše njemu i ljudima Izrailjcima: Dođosmo iz daleke zemlje; hajde uhvatite veru s nama.

7 A ljudi Izrailjci rekoše Jevejima: Može biti da sedite usred nas, pa kako ćemo uhvatiti veru s vama?

8 Ali oni rekoše Isusu: Mi smo sluge tvoje. A Isus im reče: Ko ste i otkuda idete?

9 A oni mu rekoše: Iz zemlje vrlo daleke dođoše sluge tvoje u ime Gospoda, Boga tvog; jer čusmo slavu Njegovu i sve što je učinio u Misiru,

10 I sve što je učinio dvojici careva amorejskih, koji behu s one strane Jordana, Sionu caru esevonskom i Ogu caru vasanskom koji beše u Astarotu.

11 I rekoše nam starešine naše i svi stanovnici naše zemlje govoreći: Uzmite pogače na put, i idite im na susret i recite im: Mi smo sluge vaše, hajde uhvatite veru s nama.

12 Ovo je hleb naš: vrućsmo poneli na put od kuća svojih kad smo pošli pred vas, a sad eto osušio se i uplesnjivio.

13 A ovo su mehovi vinski: nalismo nove, i eto su se većpoderali; i haljine naše i obuća naša pohaba se od dalekog puta.

14 I poverovaše ljudi po pogači, a ne upitaše Gospoda šta će reći.

15 I Isus učini s njima mir, i zadade im veru da će ih ostaviti u životu; i zakleše im se knezovi od zbora.

16 Ali posle tri dana kad uhvatiše veru s njima, čuše da su im susedi i da žive usred njih.

17 Jer pođoše sinovi Izrailjevi i dođoše u gradove njihove treći dan; a gradovi im behu: Gavaon i Kefira i Virot i Kirijat-Jarim.

18 I ne pobiše ih sinovi Izrailjevi, jer im se knezovi od zbora zakleše Gospodom Bogom Izrailjevim. Ali sav zbor vikaše na knezove.

19 Tada svi knezovi rekoše svom zboru: Mi smo im se zakleli Gospodom Bogom Izrailjevim; zato sada ne možemo dirati u njih.

20 Učinimo im to, i ostavimo ih u životu, da ne dođe gnev na nas radi zakletve kojom im se zaklesmo.

21 Još im rekoše knezovi: Neka ostanu u životu, pa neka seku drva i nose vodu svom zboru kako im knezovi kazaše.

22 Potom ih dozva Isus i reče im govoreći: Zašto nas prevariste i rekoste: Vrlo smo daleko od vas, kad eto živite usred nas?

23 Zato sada da ste prokleti i da ste doveka robovi i da sečete drva i nosite vodu za dom Gospoda Boga mog.

24 A oni odgovoriše Isusu i rekoše: Doista je bilo javljeno slugama tvojim kako je zapovedio Gospod Bog tvoj Mojsiju sluzi svom da vam da svu ovu zemlju i da istrebi sve stanovnike ove zemlje ispred vas; stoga se vrlo pobojasmo za život svoj od vas i učinismo tako.

25 A sada eto smo ti u rukama; čini šta misliš da je dobro i pravo da s nama učiniš.

26 I učini im tako i sačuva ih od ruku sinova Izrailjevih, te ih ne pobiše.

27 I odredi ih Isus u taj dan da seku drva i nose vodu zboru i za oltar Gospodnji do današnjeg dana na mestu koje izabere.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Nebeske Tajne 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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