Isus Navin 5

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Serbian (Daničić, Karadžić)         

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1 A kad čuše svi carevi amorejski, koji behu s ove strane Jordana k zapadu, i svi carevi hananski, koji behu pokraj mora, da je Gospod osušio Jordan pred sinovima Izrailjevim dokle pređoše, rastopi se srce u njima i nesta u njima junaštva od straha od sinova Izrailjevih.

2 U to vreme reče Gospod Isusu: Načini oštre noževe, i obreži opet sinove Izrailjeve.

3 I načini Isus oštre noževe, i obreza sinove Izrailjeve na brdašcu Aralotu.

4 A ovo je uzrok zašto ih Isus obreza: sav narod što izađe iz Misira, sve muškinje, svi ljudi vojnici pomreše u pustinji na putu, pošto izađoše iz Misira;

5 Jer beše obrezan sav narod koji izađe, ali ne obrezaše nikoga u narodu koji se rodi u pustinji na putu, pošto izađoše iz Misira.

6 Jer četrdeset godina iđahu sinovi Izrailjevi po pustinji dokle ne pomre sav narod, ljudi vojnici, što izađoše iz Misira, jer ne slušaše glas Gospodnji, te im se zakle Gospod da im neće dati da vide zemlju, za koju se zakleo Gospod ocima njihovim da će im je dati, zemlju, gde teče mleko i med;

7 I na mesto njihovo podiže sinove njihove; njih obreza Isus pošto behu neobrezani, jer ih ne obrezaše na putu.

8 A kad se sav narod obreza, ostaše na svom mestu u logoru dokle ne ozdraviše.

9 Tada reče Gospod Isusu: Danas skidoh s vas sramotu misirsku. I prozva se ono mesto Galgal do današnjeg dana.

10 I sinovi Izrailjevi stojeći u logoru u Galgalu, slaviše pashu četrnaestog dana onog meseca uveče u polju jerihonskom.

11 I sutradan posle pashe jedoše od žita one zemlje hlebove presne i zrna pržena, isti dan.

12 I presta mana sutradan, pošto jedoše žito one zemlje, i većviše nisu imali mane sinovi Izrailjevi, nego jedoše od roda zemlje hananske one godine.

13 I kad Isus beše kod Jerihona, podiže oči svoje i pogleda, a to čovek stoji prema njemu s golim mačem u ruci. I pristupi k Njemu Isus i reče Mu: Jesi li naš ili naših neprijatelja?

14 A On reče: Nisam; nego sam vojvoda vojske Gospodnje, sada dođoh. A Isus pade ničice na zemlju, i pokloni se, i reče Mu: Šta zapoveda gospodar moj sluzi svom?

15 A vojvoda vojske Gospodnje reče Isusu: Izuj obuću s nogu svojih, jer je mesto gde stojiš sveto. I učini Isus tako.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Nebeske Tajne 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Významy biblických slov

'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

'To melt' denotes vanishing before the heat of lust.

Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

'To sware' is a binding.

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

'To sware' is a binding.

Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

'Manna' signifies the good of celestial love conjoined to wisdom. 'Manna' signifies the good of truth. 'Manna' signifies celestial and spiritual good. Hidden manna,' as...

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

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 At Gilgal
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Compare: Moses and Joshua
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Kneels Before the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Meets the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Loose Thy Shoe
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Is the Hero of War
Color picture of the Commander of the Lord's army appearing to Joshua.
Picture | All Ages