Isus Navin 4

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1 A kad sav narod pređe preko Jordana, reče Gospod Isusu govoreći:

2 Izaberite iz naroda dvanaest ljudi, po jednog čoveka iz svakog plemena,

3 I zapovedite im i recite: Uzmite odavde, iz sredine Jordana, s mesta gde stoje nogama svojim sveštenici, dvanaest kamenova, i odnesite ih sa sobom, i stavite ih onde gde ćete noćas noćiti.

4 Tada dozva Isus dvanaest ljudi, koje beše odredio između sinova Izrailjevih, po jednog čoveka iz svakog plemena.

5 I reče im Isus: Idite pred kovčeg Gospoda Boga svog usred Jordana, uzmite svaki po jedan kamen na rame svoje, prema broju plemena sinova Izrailjevih,

6 Da bude znak među vama. Kad vas posle zapitaju sinovi vaši govoreći: Šta će vam to kamenje?

7 Recite im: Jer se voda u Jordanu rastupi pred kovčegom zaveta Gospodnjeg, kad prelažaše preko Jordana, rastupi se voda u Jordanu, i ovo je kamenje spomen sinovima Izrailjevim doveka.

8 I učiniše sinovi Izrailjevi kako zapovedi Isus; i uzeše dvanaest kamenova iz sredine Jordana, kako beše rekao Gospod Isusu, prema broju plemena sinova Izrailjevih; i odneše ih sa sobom na noćište, i metnuše ih onde.

9 A i usred Jordana postavi Isus dvanaest kamenova na mestu gde stajahu nogama svojim sveštenici noseći kovčeg zavetni, i onde ostaše do danas.

10 Sveštenici pak koji nošahu kovčeg stajahu usred Jordana dokle se ne svrši sve što beše Gospod zapovedio Isusu da kaže narodu, sasvim kako beše Mojsije zapovedio Isusu. I narod pohita i pređe.

11 A kad pređe sav narod, onda pređe i kovčeg Gospodnji i sveštenici, a narod gledaše.

12 Pređoše i sinovi Ruvimovi i sinovi Gadovi i polovina plemena Manasijinog pod oružjem pred sinovima Izrailjevim, kao što im beše kazao Mojsije.

13 Oko četrdeset hiljada naoružanih pređoše pred Gospodom preko Jordana na boj u polje jerihonsko.

14 Taj dan uzvisi Gospod Isusa pred svim Izrailjem; i bojahu ga se kao što su se bojali Mojsija, svega veka njegovog.

15 I reče Gospod Isusu govoreći:

16 Zapovedi sveštenicima koji nose kovčeg od svedočanstva neka izađu iz Jordana.

17 I zapovedi Isus sveštenicima govoreći: Izađite iz Jordana.

18 A čim sveštenici koji nošahu kovčeg zaveta Gospodnjeg izađoše iz srede Jordana, i stadoše na suvo nogom svojom, odmah se vrati voda u Jordanu na mesto svoje, i poteče kao i pre povrh svih bregova svojih.

19 A izađe narod iz Jordana desetog dana prvog meseca, i stadoše u logor u Galgalu, s istoka Jerihonu.

20 A onih dvanaest kamenova, što iznesoše iz Jordana, postavi Isus u Galgalu,

21 I reče sinovima Izrailjevim govoreći: Kad u budućnosti zapitaju sinovi vaši oce svoje govoreći: Šta predstavlja to kamenje?

22 Tada obavestite sinove svoje i recite im: Suvim pređe Izrailj preko ovog Jordana.

23 Jer Gospod Bog vaš osuši Jordan pred vama dokle pređoste, kao što je učinio Gospod Bog vaš kod Crvenog mora osušivši ga pred nama dokle pređosmo;

24 Da bi poznali svi narodi na zemlji da je ruka Gospodnja krepka, da biste se svagda bojali Gospoda Boga svog.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Nebeske Tajne 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Narod
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

jedan
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

kamen
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

znak
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

spomen
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

Izrailjevi
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

danas
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

usred
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

kaže
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

polovina
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

plemena
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Mojsije
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

četrdeset
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Dan
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

sveštenici
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

kovčeg
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

voda
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

mesto
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

meseca
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

Jerihonu
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

sinovi
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

kamenje
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Izrailj
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Jordana
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Gospod
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Bog
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

pred
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

zemlji
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

ruka
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

bojali
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

Boga
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Crossing the Jordan
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Israel Crosses the Jordan into Canaan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Twelve Stones
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picking Up Stones to Make A Memorial
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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