Isus Navin 10

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1 A kad ču Adonisedek car jerusalimski da je Isus uzeo Gaj i raskopao ga kao što je učinio s Jerihonom i njegovim carem, tako da je učinio i s Gajem i njegovim carem, i da su Gavaonjani učinili mir s Izrailjem i stoje usred njih,

2 Uplaši se vrlo; jer Gavaon beše velik grad kao kakav carski grad, i beše veći od Gaja, i svi ljudi u njemu behu hrabri.

3 Zato posla Adonisedek car jerusalimski k Oamu caru hevronskom i k Piramu caru jarmutskom i k Jafiji caru lahiskom i k Daviru caru jeglonskom, i poruči:

4 Hodite k meni, i pomozite mi da udarimo na Gavaon, jer učini mir s Isusom i sa sinovima Izrailjevim.

5 I skupi se i pođe pet careva amorejskih, car jerusalimski, car hevronski, car jarmutski, car lahiski, car jeglonski, oni i sva vojska njihova, i stavši u logor pod Gavaonom počeše ga biti.

6 Tada Gavaonjani poslaše k Isusu u logor u Galgal i rekoše: Nemoj dignuti ruku svojih sa sluga svojih; hodi brzo k nama, izbavi nas i pomozi nam, jer se skupiše na nas svi carevi amorejski koji žive u gorama.

7 I izađe Isus iz Galgala, on i s njim sav narod što beše za boj, svi junaci.

8 I Gospod reče Isusu: Ne boj ih se; jer ih dadoh tebi u ruke, nijedan ih se neće održati pred tobom.

9 I Isus udari na njih iznenada, išavši celu noćod Galgala,

10 I smete ih Gospod pred Izrailjem, koji ih ljuto pobi kod Gavaona, pa ih potera putem kako se ide u Vet-Oron, i sekoše ih do Azike i do Makide.

11 A kad bežahu ispred Izrailja i behu niz vrlet vet-oronsku, baci Gospod na njih kamenje veliko iz neba dori do Azike, te ginjahu: i više ih izgibe od kamenja gradnog nego što ih pobiše sinovi Izrailjevi mačem.

12 Tada progovori Isus Gospodu onaj dan kad Gospod predade Amorejca sinovima Izrailjevim, i reče pred sinovima Izrailjevim: Stani sunce nad Gavaonom, i meseče nad dolinom elonskom.

13 I stade sunce i ustavi se mesec, dokle se ne osveti narod neprijateljima svojim. Ne piše li to u knjizi Istinitog? I stade sunce nasred neba i ne naže k zapadu skoro za ceo dan.

14 I ne bi takvog dana ni pre ni posle, da Gospod posluša glas čovečji, jer Gospod vojeva za Izrailja.

15 I vrati se Isus i sav Izrailj s njim u logor u Galgal.

16 A onih pet careva utekoše i sakriše se u pećinu kod Makide.

17 I dođe glas Isusu: Nađe se pet careva sakrivenih u pećini kod Makide.

18 A Isus reče: Privalite veliko kamenje na vrata pećine, i namestite ljude kod nje da ih čuvaju.

19 A vi ne stojte, nego gonite neprijatelje svoje i bijte ostatak njihov, ne dajte im da uđu u gradove svoje, jer vam ih dade u ruke Gospod Bog vaš.

20 A kad Isus i sinovi Izrailjevi prestaše biti ih u boju vrlo velikom, razbivši ih sasvim, a koji ih ostaše živi, utekoše u tvrde gradove,

21 Vrati se sav narod zdravo u logor k Isusu u Makidu, i niko ne mače jezikom svojim na sinove Izrailjeve, ni na jednog.

22 Tada reče Isus: Otvorite vrata od one pećine, i izvedite k meni onih pet careva iz pećine.

23 I učiniše tako, i izvedoše k meni onih pet careva iz pećine: cara jerusalimskog, cara hevronskog, cara jarmutskog, cara lahiskog, cara jeglonskog.

24 A kad izvedoše te careve k Isusu, sazva Isus sve ljude Izrailjce, i reče vojvodama od vojske koji behu išli s njim: Pristupite i stanite nogama svojim na vratove ovim carevima. I oni pristupiše i stadoše im na vratove nogama svojim.

25 A Isus im reče: Ne bojte se i ne plašite se; budite slobodni i hrabri, jer će tako učiniti Gospod svim neprijateljima vašim na koje zavojštite.

26 Potom ih pobi Isus i pogubi ih, i obesi ih na pet drveta, i ostaše viseći na drvetima do večera.

27 A o zahodu sunčanom zapovedi Isus te ih skidoše s drveta i baciše ih u pećinu, u koju se behu sakrili, i metnuše veliko kamenje na vrata pećine, koje osta onde do danas.

28 Istog dana uze Isus i Makidu, i sve u njoj iseče oštrim mačem, i cara njenog i njih pobi, sve duše koje behu u njoj, ne ostavi nijednog živog; i učini s carem makidskim kao što učini s carem jerihonskim.

29 Potom ode Isus i sav Izrailj s njim iz Makide u Livnu, i stade biti Livnu.

30 Pa i nju predade Gospod u ruke Izrailju i cara njenog; i iseče sve oštrim mačem, sve duše koje behu u njoj, ne ostavi u njoj nijednog živog; i učini s carem njenim kao što učini s carem jerihonskim.

31 Potom ode Isus i sav Izrailj s njim iz Livne na Lahis, i stade u logor pred njim, i stade ga biti.

32 I Gospod predade Lahis u ruke Izrailju, i on ga uze sutradan, i iseče sve oštrim mačem, sve duše što behu u njemu, isto onako kako učini s Livnom.

33 Tada dođe Oram car gezerski u pomoćLahisu; ali pobi Isus njega i narod njegov da ne osta nijedan živ.

34 Potom pođe Isus i sav Izrailj s njim iz Lahisa na Jeglon, i stavši u logor prema njemu udariše na nj;

35 I uzeše ga isti dan, i isekoše sve oštrim mačem; sve duše što behu u njemu pobi taj dan isto onako kako učini s Lahisom.

36 Potom se podiže Isus i sav Izrailj s njim iz Jeglona na Hevron, i stadoše ga biti;

37 I uzeše ga i isekoše oštrim mačem, i cara njegovog i sve gradove njegove, sve duše što behu u njima; ne ostavi nijednog živog isto onako kako učini s Jeglonom; zatre ga sa svim dušama što behu u njemu.

38 Potom se obrati Isus i sav Izrailj s njim na Davir, i stade ga biti;

39 I uze ga i cara njegovog i sve gradove njegove, i isekoše ih oštrim mačem i zgubiše sve duše što behu u njima; ne ostavi nijednog živog; kao što učini s Hevronom, tako učini s Davirom i carem njegovim, i kao što učini s Livnom i carem njenim.

40 Tako pobi Isus svu zemlju, gore i južnu stranu i ravnice i doline, i sve careve njihove; ne ostavi nijednog živog, nego sve duše žive zgubi, kao što beše zapovedio Gospod Bog Izrailjev.

41 I pobi ih Isus od Kadis-Varnije do Gaze, i svu zemlju gosensku do Gavaona.

42 A sve te careve i zemlju njihovu uze Isus ujedanput; jer Gospod Bog Izrailjev vojevaše za Izrailja.

43 Potom se vrati Isus i sav Izrailj s njim u logor u Galgal.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2799, 2909, 5156, 7553

Apocalypse Revealed 11, 53, 399

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 103

True Christian Religion 265, 279


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 503, 655

De Verbo (The Word) 15

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Významy biblických slov

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Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

ruku
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sluga
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

nas
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

galgala
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

više
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

pred
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Sunce
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Narod
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

piše
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

pre
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

posle
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

glas
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

sinovi
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Izrailjevi
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

neprijateljima
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Pet
Five also signifies all things of one part.

drveta
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

kamenje
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

danas
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"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

ruke
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mačem
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

duše
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

pobi
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

Gaze
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

zemlju
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

Gospod
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Bog
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Izrailjev
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Izrailj
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

logor
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

galgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

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 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Israel's Battle with the Kings Review Questions
Read Joshua 10 to complete sentences about the story. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua's Battle at Gibeon, Conquering and Dividing the Land
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Sun Stands Still
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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