Амос 5

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1 Čujte ovu reč, naricanje koje podižem za vama, dome Izrailjev.

2 Pade, neće više ustati devojka Izrailjeva; bačena je na zemlju svoju, nema nikoga da je podigne.

3 Jer ovako veli Gospod Gospod: U gradu iz kog je izlazila hiljada ostaće stotina, a iz kog je izlazila stotina u njemu će ostati deset domu Izrailjevom.

4 Jer ovako veli Gospod domu Izrailjevom: Tražite me, i bićete živi.

5 A ne tražite Vetilja, i ne idite u Galgal, i ne prolazite u Virsaveju, jer će Galgal otići u ropstvo, a Vetilj će se obratiti u ništa.

6 Tražite Gospoda i bićete živi, da ne obuzme dom Josifov kao oganj i spali i ne bude nikoga da gasi Vetilj.

7 Koji obraćate sud u pelen, i pravdu na zemlji obarate.

8 Onog tražite koji je stvorio zvezde, kola i štape, i koji pretvara sen smrtni u jutro, a dan u tamnu noć, koji doziva vode morske i proliva ih po zemlji; ime Mu je Gospod.

9 Koji podiže pogibao na jakoga, te pogibao dođe na grad.

10 Mrze na onog koji kara na vratima, i gade se na onog koji govori pravo.

11 Zato što gazite siromaha i uzimate od njega žito u danak, sagradiste kuće od tesanog kamena, ali nećete sedeti u njima; nasadiste lepe vinograde, ali nećete piti vino iz njih.

12 Jer znam bezakonja vaša, kojih je mnogo, i grehe vaše, koji su veliki, koji mučite pravednika, primate poklone i izvrćete pravdu ubogima na vratima.

13 Zato će pravedni ćutati u ovo vreme, jer je zlo vreme.

14 Tražite dobro a ne zlo, da biste bili živi; i tako će Gospod Bog nad vojskama biti s vama, kako rekoste.

15 Mrzite na zlo i ljubite dobro, i postavite na vratima sud, ne bi li se Gospod Bog nad vojskama smilovao na ostatak Josifov.

16 Zato ovako veli Gospod Bog nad vojskama, Gospod: Biće tužnjava po svim ulicama, i po svim putevima govoriće: Jaoh! Jaoh! I zvaće ratare na žalost i na tužnjavu one koji umeju naricati.

17 I po svim će vinogradima biti tužnjava, jer ću proći posred tebe, govori Gospod.

18 Teško onima koji žele dan Gospodnji! Šta će vam dan Gospodnji? Tada je mrak a ne videlo.

19 Kao da bi ko bežao od lava pa bi ga sreo medved; ili kao da bi ko došao u kuću i naslonio se rukom na zid, pa bi ga zmija ujela.

20 Nije li dan Gospodnji mrak, a ne videlo? I tama, bez svetlosti?

21 Mrzim na vaše praznike, odbacio sam ih, i neću da mirišem svetkovina vaših.

22 Ako mi prinesete žrtve paljenice i prinose svoje, neću ih primiti, i neću pogledati na zahvalne žrtve od ugojene stoke vaše.

23 Ukloni od mene buku pesama svojih, i sviranja psaltira tvojih, neću da čujem.

24 Nego sud neka teče kao voda i pravda kao silan potok.

25 Jeste li meni prinosili žrtve i dare u pustinji četrdeset godina, dome Izrailjev?

26 Nego ste nosili šator Moloha svog, i Hijuna, likove svoje, zvezdu boga svog, koje sami sebi načiniste.

27 Zato ću vas preseliti iza Damaska, govori Gospod, kome je ime Bog nad vojskama.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Амос 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fifth chapter of the Book of Amos, the first three verses (Amos 5:1-3) state the Lord's sorrow that the church - the truth from the Divine flowing into the world - has successively been devastated. (That was seen in Amos 4). When, in verse 3, it says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left,” it means that very little truth is left to nourish the people. This bad state is their own doing.

In Amos 5:4-9, amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” and then names traps, or spiritual states, that will turn people away from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba.

- The first, Bethel, here stands for falsifying knowledges.
- The second, Gilgal, signifies sensuous or external pleasures.
- The third, Beersheba, symbolized the last negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine. (See Arcana Coelestia 3923).

The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” in Amos 5:7, i.e. they turn good into evil. (Arcana Coelestia 1488)

The Lord wants the people to return to Him, and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “made the Pleiades and Orion,” and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong”.

In Amos 5:10-13, in their love of their own intelligence, people continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them."

Stone meaning truths in our natural minds. (Apocalypse Explained 745). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from ourselves, or our own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (Arcana Coelestia 9852).

In Amos 5:14-15, the path is shown for the way the Lord can be with us: “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph”. That remnant is a small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us. (Arcana Coelestia 3921).

In Amos 5:16-20, people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?”, for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him.”

In Amos 5:21-22, God warns that people's fear-spurred worship won’t be accepted. He says, “I hate, I despise your feast days”. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in.

In verses 23-25, "Take away your noisy songs and melodies," the Lord says, i.e. take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because it lacks internal goodness and truth. In its place, in one of the Bible's memorable images, Jehovah says, "Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream”.

Then, at the end, in verses 26-27, the warning is clear: if the people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, as shown in verse 27:

“Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus”.

Damascus was the furthest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also referred to in Ezekiel 47:16-18. See also Apocalypse Explained 1088.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fifth chapter of the Book of Amos, the first three verses (Amos 5:1-3) state the Lord's sorrow that the church - the truth from the Divine flowing into the world - has successively been devastated. (That was seen in Amos 4). When, in verse 3, it says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left,” it means that very little truth is left to nourish the people. This bad state is their own doing.

In Amos 5:4-9, amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” and then names traps, or spiritual states, that will turn people away from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba.

- The first, Bethel, here stands for falsifying knowledges.
- The second, Gilgal, signifies sensuous or external pleasures.
- The third, Beersheba, symbolized the last negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine. (See Arcana Coelestia 3923).

The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” in Amos 5:7, i.e. they turn good into evil. (Arcana Coelestia 1488)

The Lord wants the people to return to Him, and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “made the Pleiades and Orion,” and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong”.

In Amos 5:10-13, in their love of their own intelligence, people continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them."

Stone meaning truths in our natural minds. (Apocalypse Explained 745). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from ourselves, or our own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (Arcana Coelestia 9852).

In Amos 5:14-15, the path is shown for the way the Lord can be with us: “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph”. That remnant is a small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us. (Arcana Coelestia 3921).

In Amos 5:16-20, people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?”, for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him.”

In Amos 5:21-22, God warns that people's fear-spurred worship won’t be accepted. He says, “I hate, I despise your feast days”. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in.

In verses 23-25, "Take away your noisy songs and melodies," the Lord says, i.e. take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because it lacks internal goodness and truth. In its place, in one of the Bible's memorable images, Jehovah says, "Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream”.

Then, at the end, in verses 26-27, the warning is clear: if the people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, as shown in verse 27:

“Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus”.

Damascus was the furthest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also referred to in Ezekiel 47:16-18. See also Apocalypse Explained 1088.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 38

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51, 82, 689, 761


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Významy biblických slov

reč
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

naricanje
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

Izrailjev
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

ustati
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

nema
For something to “fail” in the Bible means there is not enough understanding of truth and desire for good for someone to attain a higher...

veli
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

stotina
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

deset
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Gospod
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

galgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Dom
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

oganj
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

pravdu
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

zemlji
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

jutro
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

Dan
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

noć
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

vode
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Ime
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

vratima
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koji govori
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

govori
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

mnogo
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

vreme
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

zlo
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

dobro
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

Bog
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

vojskama
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

ulicama
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

Proći
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

mrak
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" represents a state where truth is lacking. Here's a cogent passage...

medved
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

došao
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

zid
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

Zmija
'The bite of a snake' or 'serpent,' as in Amos. 5:19, signifies falsification of the Word, from the interior dominion of falsity from evil.

tama
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" represents a state where truth is lacking. Here's a cogent passage...

ugojene
Fatlings signify celestial goods and the affections thereof, and the delights of those affections. Fatlings of Bashan, as in Ezekiel 39:11, signify goods of the...

voda
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

pravda
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

potok
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

četrdeset
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Boga
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Damaska
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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