Amos 5

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Serbian (Daničić, Karadžić)         

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1 Čujte ovu reč, naricanje koje podižem za vama, dome Izrailjev.

2 Pade, neće više ustati devojka Izrailjeva; bačena je na zemlju svoju, nema nikoga da je podigne.

3 Jer ovako veli Gospod Gospod: U gradu iz kog je izlazila hiljada ostaće stotina, a iz kog je izlazila stotina u njemu će ostati deset domu Izrailjevom.

4 Jer ovako veli Gospod domu Izrailjevom: Tražite me, i bićete živi.

5 A ne tražite Vetilja, i ne idite u Galgal, i ne prolazite u Virsaveju, jer će Galgal otići u ropstvo, a Vetilj će se obratiti u ništa.

6 Tražite Gospoda i bićete živi, da ne obuzme dom Josifov kao oganj i spali i ne bude nikoga da gasi Vetilj.

7 Koji obraćate sud u pelen, i pravdu na zemlji obarate.

8 Onog tražite koji je stvorio zvezde, kola i štape, i koji pretvara sen smrtni u jutro, a dan u tamnu noć, koji doziva vode morske i proliva ih po zemlji; ime Mu je Gospod.

9 Koji podiže pogibao na jakoga, te pogibao dođe na grad.

10 Mrze na onog koji kara na vratima, i gade se na onog koji govori pravo.

11 Zato što gazite siromaha i uzimate od njega žito u danak, sagradiste kuće od tesanog kamena, ali nećete sedeti u njima; nasadiste lepe vinograde, ali nećete piti vino iz njih.

12 Jer znam bezakonja vaša, kojih je mnogo, i grehe vaše, koji su veliki, koji mučite pravednika, primate poklone i izvrćete pravdu ubogima na vratima.

13 Zato će pravedni ćutati u ovo vreme, jer je zlo vreme.

14 Tražite dobro a ne zlo, da biste bili živi; i tako će Gospod Bog nad vojskama biti s vama, kako rekoste.

15 Mrzite na zlo i ljubite dobro, i postavite na vratima sud, ne bi li se Gospod Bog nad vojskama smilovao na ostatak Josifov.

16 Zato ovako veli Gospod Bog nad vojskama, Gospod: Biće tužnjava po svim ulicama, i po svim putevima govoriće: Jaoh! Jaoh! I zvaće ratare na žalost i na tužnjavu one koji umeju naricati.

17 I po svim će vinogradima biti tužnjava, jer ću proći posred tebe, govori Gospod.

18 Teško onima koji žele dan Gospodnji! Šta će vam dan Gospodnji? Tada je mrak a ne videlo.

19 Kao da bi ko bežao od lava pa bi ga sreo medved; ili kao da bi ko došao u kuću i naslonio se rukom na zid, pa bi ga zmija ujela.

20 Nije li dan Gospodnji mrak, a ne videlo? I tama, bez svetlosti?

21 Mrzim na vaše praznike, odbacio sam ih, i neću da mirišem svetkovina vaših.

22 Ako mi prinesete žrtve paljenice i prinose svoje, neću ih primiti, i neću pogledati na zahvalne žrtve od ugojene stoke vaše.

23 Ukloni od mene buku pesama svojih, i sviranja psaltira tvojih, neću da čujem.

24 Nego sud neka teče kao voda i pravda kao silan potok.

25 Jeste li meni prinosili žrtve i dare u pustinji četrdeset godina, dome Izrailjev?

26 Nego ste nosili šator Moloha svog, i Hijuna, likove svoje, zvezdu boga svog, koje sami sebi načiniste.

27 Zato ću vas preseliti iza Damaska, govori Gospod, kome je ime Bog nad vojskama.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 38

Sacred Scripture 85

True Christianity 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

reč
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

naricanje
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

ustati
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

stotina
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

deset
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

galgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

dom
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

oganj
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

jutro
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

noć
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

zemlji
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

mnogo
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

vreme
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

zlo
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

dobro
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

vratima
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

veli
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ulicama
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

proći
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

medved
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

zid
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

zmija
'The bite of a snake' or 'serpent,' as in Amos. 5:19, signifies falsification of the Word, from the interior dominion of falsity from evil.

dan
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mrak
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

ugojene
Fatlings signify celestial goods and the affections thereof, and the delights of those affections. Fatlings of Bashan, as in Ezekiel 39:11, signify goods of the...

voda
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

pravda
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

potok
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

četrdeset
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Izrailjev
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Boga
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Damaska
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

Gospod
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

ime
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Bog
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

vojskama
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}


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