1. Samuelova 6

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1 I beše kovčeg Gospodnji u zemlji filistejskoj sedam meseci.

2 Tada dozvaše Filisteji sveštenike i vrače, pa im rekoše: Šta ćemo činiti s kovčegom Gospodnjim? Naučite nas kako ćemo ga poslati natrag na njegovo mesto.

3 A oni rekoše: Ako ćete natrag poslati kovčeg Boga Izrailjevog, ne šaljite ga praznog, nego uza nj podajte prinos za greh; tada ćete ozdraviti i doznaćete zašto se ruka Njegova nije odmakla od vas.

4 A oni rekoše: Kakav ćemo mu dati prinos za greh? A oni rekoše: Prema broju kneževina filistejskih pet zlatnih šuljeva i pet zlatnih miševa; jer je zlo jednako na svima vama i na knezovima vašim.

5 Načinite dakle slike od svojih šuljeva i slike od miševa koji kvare zemlju, i podajte slavu Bogu Izrailjevom. Može biti da će olakšati ruku svoju nad vama i nad bogovima vašim i nad zemljom vašom.

6 I zašto biste bili upornog srca kao što behu upornog srca Misirci i Faraon? I pošto učini čudesa na njima, eda li ih tada ne pustiše, te otidoše?

7 Zato načinite jedna kola nova, i uzmite dve krave dojilice, na kojima još nije bio jaram, pa upregnite krave u kola, a telad njihovu odvedite od njih kući.

8 Pa uzmite kovčeg Gospodnji i metnite ga na kola; a zaklade zlatne što ćete mu dati za greh metnite u kovčežićpokraj njega, i pustite ga neka ide.

9 I gledajte: ako pođe putem k međi svojoj u Vet-Semes, On nam je učinio ovo veliko zlo; ako li ne pođe tako, onda ćemo znati da nas se nije dohvatila ruka Njegova, nego nam se dogodilo slučajno.

10 I učiniše tako oni ljudi; i uzevši dve krave dojilice upregoše ih u kola, a telad njihovu zatvoriše kod kuće.

11 I metnuše kovčeg Gospodnji na kola, i mali kovčežićs mišima zlatnim i sa slikama svojih šuljeva.

12 I pođoše krave pravo putem u Vet-Semes, i jednako iđahu istim putem mučući i ne svrćući ni na desno ni na levo; a knezovi filistejski iđahu za njima do međe vet-semeške.

13 A Vet-Semešani žnjahu pšenicu u dolini, i podigavši oči svoje videše kovčeg, i obradovaše se videvši ga.

14 I dođoše kola na njivu Isusa Vet-Semešanina, i stadoše onde. A beše onde velik kamen; i iscepaše drva od kola, i prinesoše one krave na žrtvu paljenicu Gospodu.

15 A Leviti snimivši kovčeg Gospodnji i kovčežićšto beše pokraj njega, u kome behu zakladi zlatni, metnuše na onaj veliki kamen; a ljudi iz Vet-Semesa gotoviše žrtve paljenice i prinesoše žrtve Gospodu onaj dan.

16 A to videvši pet knezova filistejskih vratiše se u Akaron isti dan.

17 A ovo behu zlatni šuljevi koje dadoše Filisteji Gospodu za greh: za Azot jedan, za Gazu jedan, za Askalon jedan, za Gat jedan, za Akaron jedan.

18 I miši zlatni behu prema broju svih gradova filistejskih, u pet kneževina, svih zidanih gradova i sela neograđenih do velikog kamena, na koji metnuše kovčeg Gospodnji, i koji je i danas u polju Isusa Vet-Semešanina.

19 Ali pobi Gospod neke između Vet-Semešana koji zagledaše u kovčeg Gospodnji, i pobi iz naroda pedeset hiljada i sedamdeset ljudi. I plaka narod što ga Gospod udari velikom pogiblju.

20 I ljudi iz Vet-Semesa rekoše: Ko može ostati pred tim Gospodom Bogom Svetim? I ka kome će otići od nas?

21 I poslaše poslanike k stanovnicima kirijat-jarimskim govoreći: Donesoše natrag Filisteji kovčeg Gospodnji, hodite, odnesite ga k sebi.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 6      

The Philistines were desperate to get rid of the stolen Ark of the Covenant. They had suffered plagues, and the statue of their god, Dagon, had fallen. Seven months after they had taken the Ark, the priests and diviners of the Philistines advised that it should be returned to the Lord “Jehovah” in Israel’s territory, accompanied by a suitable “trespass offering”. This would be an admission of guilt.

It was decided that the offering should be five gold tumors, or hemorrhoids, and five gold mice - representing the two afflictions that had plagued their people, and the five cities of the Philistines. They built a special cart to carry the Ark and the trespass offering, and two young milk cows pulled it. The cows were set free to find their own route, and headed straight for Israelite territory. The Israelite people in the border town of Beth Shemesh saw the cart coming, and rejoiced. They used a large stone as an altar, split up the wood of the cart and offered the two cows as a sacrifice. The golden objects were then distributed through the land.

In Divine Providence 326, we get an explanation of the meaning of the symbols in this chapter:

The hemorrhoids that plagued the Philistines in 1 Samuel 5 represent earthly loves separated from spiritual ones. The golden hemorrhoids represent earthly loves that have been purified, and made good.

The mice represent distortions of the truth which destroy the church. The golden mice represent the repair of the destruction via good loves and actions.

The cart that carried the ark and the trespass offerings symbolizes a new teaching, and the cows that led it symbolize “good earthly feelings.” The cows lowed as they led the cart. Swedenborg writes of this story that we must turn the obsessions that our earthly self holds with evil into good desires, and that the lowing of the cows as they drew the cart away represents how difficult this is. The sacrifice of the cows when they reached their destination indicates that the Lord was appeased. (See Divine Providence 326)

These symbols reveal something about our relationship with God, and the importance of uniting faith and charity, good and truth, within ourselves. The Philistines represent a spiritual state with faith separate from charity, and this chapter tells us that in order to reunite our faith with charity we must turn our loves of evil into the desire to do good with our knowledge.

The end of the chapter tells that the people of Beth Shemesh, who received the Ark of the Covenant, made a fatal mistake: some of them looked into the Ark. As a consequence, 50,070 of their people died. They sent a message to the people of Kirjath Jearim, asking them to come down and take the Ark from them.

The primary message here is the power of the Lord’s Ten Commandments. In the book True Christian Religion, we are taught that there was tremendous holiness and power in the law written on the stone tablets, because it was a “summary of the whole of religion.” The two engraved tablets represent the link between us and God. One of them contains a synopsis of all things related to God, and the other, a synopsis of all things related to us (see True Christian Religion 285 286). If we are to ever trespass the commandments or treat them as less than holy, harm will surely come. Therefore, we must work with the Lord in order to acquire an appropriate reverence for His commandments. This needs to go together with an active and sincere effort to obey them to the best of our frail and limited human ability.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5945

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 284, 595, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 827

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