1. Samuelova 5

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Serbian (Daničić, Karadžić)         

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1 A Filisteji uzeše kovčeg Božji, i odnesoše iz Even-Ezera u Azot.

2 I uzevši Filisteji kovčeg Božji unesoše ga u dom Dagonov, i namestiše ga do Dagona.

3 A sutradan kad ustaše Azoćani rano, a to Dagon ležaše ničice na zemlji pred kovčegom Gospodnjim; i oni uzeše Dagona i metnuše ga opet na njegovo mesto.

4 A kad sutradan rano ustaše, gle, opet Dagon ležaše ničice na zemlji pred kovčegom Gospodnjim, a glava Dagonu i obe ruke odsečene behu na pragu; samo trup od Dagona beše ostao.

5 Zato sveštenici Dagonovi i koji god ulaze u dom Dagonov ne staju na prag Dagonov u Azotu do danas.

6 Tada oteža ruka Gospodnja Azoćanima, i moraše ih i udaraše ih šuljevima u Azotu i međama njegovim.

7 A kad Azoćani videše šta je, rekoše da ne stoji kod nas kovčeg Boga Izrailjevog; jer je ruka Njegova teška nad nama i nad Dagonom bogom našim.

8 I poslaše, te sabraše k sebi sve knezove filistejske, i rekoše im: Šta ćemo činiti s kovčegom Boga Izrailjevog? A oni rekoše: Da se prenese u Gat kovčeg Boga Izrailjevog. I prenesoše kovčeg Boga Izrailjevog.

9 A kad ga prenesoše, bi ruka Gospodnja na gradu s mukom vrlo velikom, i stade biti građane od malog do velikog, i dođoše na njih tajni šuljevi.

10 Zato poslaše kovčeg Božji u Akaron; a kad dođe kovčeg Božji u Akaron, povikaše Akaronjani govoreći: Donesoše k nama kovčeg Boga Izrailjevog da pomori nas i naš narod.

11 Zato poslaše, te sabraše sve knezove filistejske, i rekoše: Pošljite kovčeg Boga Izrailjevog neka se vrati na svoje mesto, da ne pomori nas i narod naš. Jer beše smrtan strah po celom gradu, i vrlo teška beše ruka Gospodnja onde.

12 Jer ljudi koji ostajahu živi bolovahu od šuljeva tako da se vika u gradu podizaše do neba.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 23

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 71, 284, 614, 630, 691

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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Významy biblických slov

The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

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In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

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