1. Samuelova 4

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Serbian (Daničić, Karadžić)         

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1 I šta reče Samuilo, zbi se svemu Izrailju. Jer Izrailj izađe na vojsku na Filisteje, i stadoše u logor kod Even-Ezera, a Filisteji stadoše u logor u Afeku.

2 A Filisteji se uvrstaše prema Izrailju, i kad se otvori boj, razbiše Filisteji Izrailja, i izgibe ih u boju u polju oko četiri hiljade ljudi.

3 I kad narod dođe u logor, rekoše starešine Izrailjeve: Zašto nas danas razbi Gospod pred Filistejima? Da donesemo iz Siloma kovčeg zaveta Gospodnjeg, da bude među nama i izbavi nas iz ruku neprijatelja naših.

4 I narod posla u Silom da donesu odande kovčeg zaveta Gospoda nad vojskama, koji sedi na heruvimima; a behu onde kod kovčega zaveta Gospodnjeg dva sina Ilijeva, Ofnije i Fines.

5 A kad dođe kovčeg zaveta Gospodnjeg u logor, povika sav Izrailj od radosti da zemlja zaječa.

6 A Filisteji čuvši veselu viku rekoše: Kakva je to vika vesela u logoru jevrejskom? I razumeše da je došao kovčeg Gospodnji u logor njihov.

7 I uplašiše se Filisteji kad rekoše: Bog je došao u logor. I govorahu: Teško nama! Jer to nije bivalo pre.

8 Teško nama! Ko će nas izbaviti iz ruku tih silnih bogova? To su bogovi što pobiše Misirce u pustinji svakojakim mukama.

9 Ohrabrite se, i budite ljudi, o Filisteji! Da ne služite Jevrejima kao što su oni vama služili; budite ljudi i udrite.

10 I Filisteji udariše, i Izrailjci se opet razbiše i pobegoše k šatorima svojim; i boj beše vrlo velik, jer pade iz Izrailja trideset hiljada pešaka.

11 I kovčeg Božji bi otet, i dva sina Ilijeva, Ofnije i Fines pogiboše.

12 A jedan između sinova Venijaminovih pobeže iz boja, i dođe u Silom isti dan razdrtih haljina i glave posute prahom.

13 I kad dođe, gle, Ilije seđaše na stolici ukraj puta pogledajući; jer srce njegovo beše u strahu za kovčeg Božji. I došav onaj čovek u grad kaza glase, i stade vika svega grada.

14 A Ilije čuvši viku reče: Kakva je to vreva? I čovek brže dotrča da javi Iliju.

15 A Iliju beše devedeset i osam godina, i oči mu behu potamnele, te ne mogaše videti.

16 I reče čovek Iliju: Ja idem iz boja, utekoh danas iz boja. A on reče: Šta bi, sine?

17 A glasnik odgovarajući reče: Pobeže Izrailj ispred Filisteja, i izgibe mnogo naroda, i oba sina tvoja pogiboše, Ofnije i Fines, i kovčeg Božji otet je.

18 A kad spomenu kovčeg Božji, pade Ilije sa stolice nauznako kod vrata i slomi vrat i umre, jer beše čovek star i težak. On bi sudija Izrailju četrdeset godina.

19 A snaha njegova, žena Finesova, beše trudna i na tom doba, pa čuvši glas da je kovčeg Božji otet i da joj je poginuo svekar i muž, savi se i porodi, jer joj dođoše bolovi.

20 I kad umiraše, rekoše joj koje stajahu kod nje: Ne boj se, rodila si sina. Ali ona ne odgovori, niti hajaše za to.

21 Nego detetu nade ime Ihavod govoreći: Otide slava od Izrailja; jer kovčeg Božji bi otet, i svekar joj i muž pogiboše.

22 Zato reče: Otide slava od Izrailja; jer bi otet kovčeg Božji.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Nebeske Tajne 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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