КнигаСудей 7

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1 Иероваал, он же и Гедеон, встал поутру и весь народ, бывший с ним, и расположились станом у источника Харода; Мадиамский же стан был от него к северу у холма Море в долине.

2 И сказал Господь Гедеону: народа с тобою слишком много, не могу Я предать Мадианитян в руки их, чтобы не возгордился Израиль предо Мною и не сказал: „моя рука спасла меня";

3 итак провозгласи вслух народа и скажи: „кто боязлив и робок, тот пусть возвратится и пойдет назад с горы Галаада". И возвратилось народа двадцать две тысячи, а десять тысяч осталось.

4 И сказал Господь Гедеону: все еще много народа; веди их к воде, там Я выберу их тебе; о ком Я скажу: „пусть идет с тобою", тот и пусть идетс тобою; а о ком скажу тебе: „не должен идти с тобою", тот пусть и не идет.

5 Он привел народ к воде. И сказал Господь Гедеону: кто будет лакать воду языком своим, как лакает пес,того ставь особо, также и тех всех, которые будут наклоняться на колени своии пить.

6 И было число лакавших ртом своим с руки триста человек; весь жеостальной народ наклонялся на колени свои пить воду.

7 И сказал Господь Гедеону: тремя стами лакавшихЯ спасу вас и предам Мадианитян в руки ваши, а весь народ пусть идет,каждый в свое место.

8 И взяли они съестной запас у народа себе и трубыих, и отпустил Гедеон всех Израильтян по шатрам и удержал у себя триста человек; стан же Мадиамский был у него внизу в долине.

9 В ту ночь сказал ему Господь: встань, сойди в стан, Я предаю его в руки твои;

10 если же ты боишься идти один , то пойди в стан ты и Фура, слуга твой;

11 и услышишь, что говорят, и тогда укрепятся руки твои, и пойдешь в стан. И сошел он и Фура, слуга его, к самому полку вооруженных, которые были в стане.

12 Мадианитяне же и Амаликитяне и все жители востока расположились на долине в такоммножестве, как саранча; верблюдам их не было числа, много было их, как песку на берегу моря.

13 Гедеон пришел. И вот, один рассказывает другому сон и говорит: снилось мне, будто круглый ячменный хлеб катился по стану Мадиамскому и, прикатившись к шатру, ударил в него так, что он упал, опрокинул его, и шатер распался.

14 Другой сказал в ответ ему: это не иное что, как меч Гедеона, сына Иоасова, Израильтянина; предал Бог в руки его Мадианитян и весь стан.

15 Гедеон, услышав рассказ сна и толкование его, поклонился Господу и возвратился в стан Израильский и сказал: вставайте! предал Господь в руки ваши стан Мадиамский.

16 И разделил триста человек на три отряда и дал в руки всем им трубы и пустые кувшины и в кувшины светильники.

17 И сказал им: смотрите на меня и делайте то же; вот, я подойду к стану, и что буду делать, то и вы делайте;

18 когда я и находящиеся со мною затрубим трубою, трубите и вы трубами вашими вокругвсего стана и кричите: меч Господа и Гедеона!

19 И подошел Гедеон и сто человек с ним к стану, в начале средней стражи, и разбудили стражей, и затрубили трубами иразбили кувшины, которые были в руках их.

20 И затрубили все три отряда трубами, и разбили кувшины, идержали в левой руке своей светильники, а в правой руке трубы, и трубили, и кричали: меч Господа и Гедеона!

21 И стоял всякий на своем месте вокруг стана; и стали бегать во всем стане, и кричали, и обратились в бегство.

22 Между тем как триста человек трубили трубами, обратил Господь меч одного на другого во всем стане, и бежало ополчение до Бефшитты к Царере, до предела Авелмехолы, близ Табафы.

23 И созваны Израильтяне из колена Неффалимова, Асирова и всего колена Манассиина, ипогнались за Мадианитянами.

24 Гедеон же послал послов на всю гору Ефремову сказать: выйдите навстречу Мадианитянам и перехватите у них переправу через воду до Бефвары и Иордан. И созваны все Ефремляне и перехватили переправы через воду доБефвары и Иордан;

25 и поймали двух князей Мадиамских: Орива и Зива, и убили Орива в Цур-Ориве, а Зива в Иекев-Зиве и преследовали Мадианитян; головы же Орива и Зива принесли к Гедеону за Иордан.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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