КнигаСудей 17

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← КнигаСудей 16   КнигаСудей 18 →         

1 Был некто на горе Ефремовой, именем Миха.

2 Он сказал матери своей: тысяча сто сиклей серебра, которые у тебя взяты и за которые ты при мне изрекла проклятие, это серебро у меня, я взял его. Мать его сказала: благословен сын мой у Господа!

3 И возвратил он матери своей тысячу сто сиклей серебра. И сказала мать его: это серебро я от себя посвятила Господу для сына моего, чтобы сделать из него истукан и литый кумир; итак отдаю оное тебе.

4 Но он возвратил серебро матери своей. Мать его взяла двести сиклей серебра и отдала их плавильщику. Он сделал из них истукан и литый кумир, который и находился в доме Михи.

5 И был у Михи дом Божий. И сделал он ефод и терафим и посвятил одного из сыновей своих, чтоб он был у него священником.

6 В те дни не было царя у Израиля; каждый делал то, что ему казалось справедливым.

7 Один юноша из Вифлеема Иудейского, из колена Иудина, левит, тогда жил там;

8 этот человек пошел из города Вифлеема Иудейского, чтобы пожить, гдеслучится, и идя дорогою, пришел на гору Ефремову к дому Михи.

9 И сказал ему Миха: откуда ты идешь? Он сказал ему: я левит из Вифлеема Иудейского и иду пожить, где случится.

10 И сказал ему Миха: останься у меня и будь у меня отцом и священником; я буду давать тебе по десяти сиклей серебра на год, потребное одеяние и пропитание.

11 Левит пошел к нему и согласился левит остаться у этого человека, и был юноша у него, как один из сыновей его.

12 Миха посвятил левита, и этот юноша был у него священником и жил в доме у Михи.

13 И сказал Миха: теперь я знаю, что Господь будетмне благотворить, потому что левит у меня священником.

← КнигаСудей 16   КнигаСудей 18 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Story of Micah’s Idols

In this chapter, the story moves from the various judges of Israel to an anecdote that illustrates the overall worsening spiritual situation in the land. The people turn from the Lord and do more and more wrong among themselves. The last verse of the book of Judges is very telling, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” The same words come in the present chapter, in Judges 17:6.

In this story, a man named Micah (not to be confused with the prophet Micah) took a lot of silver money from his mother. He confesses that he did this, and returns the money to her. She says, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” She finds a silversmith to melt down the silver money to make an idol which gets set up in their house. One of Micah’s sons is then appointed as the priest to serve this idol.

The spiritual meaning of this is that an idol of any kind is a falsifying of our own worship and sense of the Lord. An idol is a ‘thing’ in a ‘place’, vested with power, whereas our worship and sense of the Lord is that he is fully everywhere and in everything. (Arcana Caelestia 3479, 3732) The essence of idolatry is that it emphasises external forms with no attention to the place and purpose of internal forms and realities. Our ‘idols’ can be whatever we love or desire or feel is important to us, over and above the Lord.

The story then shifts to a wandering Levite, a priest of Israel, who came from Bethlehem in Judah, and is looking for any place to stay. Israel had appointed six cities for Levites to live in, but this Levite is a wanderer. He eventually meets Micah, who takes him into his house and makes him a paid priest. Micah feels important because of this development.

This part of the story depicts the decline of Israel from its worship of the Lord to a state of allowing anything to be done if it seems right in someone’s eyes. The Levite is a trained priest, trained in the law of Moses, someone who should know the commandments of the Lord and also their prohibitions. This Levite is ‘looking for a place to go to’ which describes his apparent falling away from true priesthood. (See the description in Apocalypse Explained 444, about the Levites, and in Doctrine of Life 39 about priests.)

As well as indicating the extent of the spiritual fall of Israel into idolatry and wrong practices, this chapter representatively describes our own scope for moving away from a genuine worship of the Lord into a worship of ourselves and of the world, and the change that comes within us in doing this. It often changes very gradually and inexorably so that it is imperceptible even to ourselves. This is a danger, and the reason for our self-examination and vigilant care.

The name Micah means, “Who is like Jehovah God?” which is an ironical name for someone who turns away from God to substitute an idol made from silver money, in a completely false worship. In genuine repentance, we may ask, “Who is like Jehovah God?” implying that no one is like God, including ourselves, because we are all involved in wrong feelings, thinking and actions, and we know our need of and dependence on the Lord. (Apocalypse Revealed 531)

It is important to note the mother’s first words, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” saying this for his confession and return of the money. She begins her part in the story with the truest of statements, i.e. that the Lord wants to bless us, even while she may just be glad to have all her money back.

“Silver” in the Word can mean truths, truths of faith and truth of good, but in an opposite sense, when used dishonestly, it means falsities. (Arcana Caelestia 1551)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2598


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3704, 4111

О Небесах, о мире духов и об аде 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Бытие 31:19, 45:8

Исход 20:4, 29:9

Второзаконие 12:8, 27:15

ИисусНавин 17:15, 21:21, 24:30

КнигаСудей 3:27, 8:27, 12:5, 8, 18:1, 2, 4, 17, 19, 24, 19:1, 21:25

Руфь 1:1

1я Царств 2:36, 15:13, 19:13

3я Царств 12:32

4я Царств 2:12

2я Паралипоменон 33:7

Псалтирь 10:3

Притчи 16:2

Исаия 46:6

Иезекииль 21:26

Осия 3:4

Михей 5:1

Аввакум 2:18

Významy biblických slov

Ефремовой
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

сказал
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

матери
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

тысяча
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

сто
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

серебра
'Money' relates to truth.

серебро
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

мать
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Сын
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Господа
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

сына
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

доме
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

дом
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

божий
Господь есть сама любовь, выраженная в виде мудрости. Тогда любовь - это Его сущность, Его крайняя сущность. Мудрость - любящее понимание того, как воплотить любовь...

терафим
There are three universal kinds of idolatry; the first is grounded in self-love, the second in the love of the world, and the third in...

Израиля
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Вифлеема
В Библии существует тесная связь между Ефратом и Вифлеемом; это могут быть два разных названия для одного и того же города, или, возможно, Ефрат описывает...

Вифлеема Иудейского
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

человек
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Города
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

пришел
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

один
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Господь
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Micah’s Idols
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


Přeložit: