КнигаСудей 16

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1 Пришел однажды Самсон в Газу и, увидев там блудницу, вошел к ней.

2 Жителям Газы сказали: Самсон пришел сюда. И ходилиони кругом, и подстерегали его всю ночь в воротах города, и таились всю ночь, говоря: до света утреннего подождем, и убьем его.

3 А Самсон спал до полуночи; в полночь же встав, схватил двери городских ворот с обоими косяками, поднял их вместе сзапором, положил на плечи свои и отнес их на вершину горы, которая на пути к Хеврону.

4 После того полюбил он одну женщину, жившую на долине Сорек; имя ей Далида.

5 К ней пришли владельцы Филистимские и говорят ей: уговори его, ивыведай, в чем великая сила его и как нам одолеть его, чтобы связать его и усмирить его; а мы дадим тебе за то каждый тысячу сто сиклей серебра.

6 И сказала Далида Самсону: скажи мне, в чем великая сила твоя и чемсвязать тебя, чтобы усмирить тебя?

7 Самсон сказал ей: если свяжут меня семью сырыми тетивами, которые незасушены, то я сделаюсь бессилен и буду как и прочие люди.

8 И принесли ей владельцы Филистимские семь сырых тетив, которые не засохли, и она связала его ими.

9 (Между тем один скрытно сидел у нее в спальне.) И сказала ему: Самсон! Филистимляне идут на тебя. Он разорвал тетивы, как разрывают нитку из пакли,когда пережжет ее огонь. И не узнана сила его.

10 И сказала Далида Самсону: вот, ты обманул меня и говорил мне ложь; скажи же теперь мне, чем связать тебя?

11 Он сказал ей: если свяжут меня новыми веревками, которые не были вделе, то я сделаюсь бессилен и буду, как прочие люди.

12 Далида взяла новые веревки и связала его и сказала ему: Самсон! Филистимляне идут на тебя.(Между тем один скрытно сидел в спальне.) И сорвал он их с рук своих, как нитки.

13 И сказала Далида Самсону: все ты обманываешь меня и говоришь мне ложь; скажи мне, чем бы связать тебя? Он сказал ей: если ты воткешь семь кос головы моей в ткань и прибьешь ее гвоздем к ткальной колоде .

14 и прикрепила их к колоде, и сказала ему: Филистимляне идут на тебя, Самсон! Онпробудился от сна своего и выдернул ткальную колоду вместе с тканью.

15 И сказала ему Далида : как же ты говоришь: „люблю тебя", а сердце твое не со мною? вот, ты трижды обманул меня, и не сказал мне, в чем великая сила твоя.

16 И как она словами своими тяготила его всякий день и мучила его, то душе его тяжело стало до смерти.

17 И он открыл ей все сердце свое, и сказал ей: бритва не касаласьголовы моей, ибо я назорей Божий от чрева матери моей; если же остричь меня, то отступит от меня сила моя; я сделаюсь слаб и буду, как прочие люди.

18 Далида, видя, что он открыл ей все сердце свое, послала и звала владельцев Филистимских, сказав им: идите теперь; он открыл мне все сердце свое. И пришли к ней владельцы Филистимские и принесли серебро в руках своих.

19 И усыпила его Далида на коленях своих, и призвала человека, и велела ему остричь семь кос головы его. И начал он ослабевать, и отступила от него сила его.

20 Она сказала: Филистимляне идут на тебя, Самсон! Он пробудился от сна своего,и сказал: пойду, как и прежде, и освобожусь. А не знал, что Господь отступил от него.

21 Филистимляне взяли его и выкололи ему глаза, привели его в Газу и оковали его двумя медными цепями, и он молол в доме узников.

22 Между тем волосы на голове его начали расти, где они были острижены.

23 Владельцы Филистимские собрались, чтобы принести великую жертвуДагону, богу своему, и повеселиться, и сказали: бог наш предал Самсона,врага нашего, в руки наши.

24 Также и народ, видя его, прославлял бога своего, говоря: бог наш предал в руки наши врага нашего и опустошителя земли нашей, который побил многих из нас.

25 И когда развеселилось сердце их, сказали: позовите Самсона, пусть он позабавит нас. И призвали Самсона из дома узников, и он забавлял их,и поставили его между столбами.

26 И сказал Самсон отроку, который водил его за руку: подведи меня, чтобы ощупать мне столбы, на которых утвержден дом,и прислониться к ним.

27 Дом же был полон мужчин и женщин; там были все владельцы Филистимские, и на кровле было до трех тысяч мужчин и женщин, смотревших на забавляющего их Самсона.

28 И воззвал Самсон к Господу и сказал: Господи Боже! вспомни меня и укрепи меня только теперь, о Боже! чтобы мне в один разотмстить Филистимлянам за два глаза мои.

29 И сдвинул Самсон с места два средних столба, на которых утвержден был дом, упершись в них, в один правою рукою своею, а в другой левою.

30 И сказал Самсон: умри, душа моя, с Филистимлянами! И уперся всею силою, и обрушился дом на владельцев и на весь народ, бывший в нем. И было умерших, которых умертвил Самсон при смерти своей, более, нежели сколькоумертвил он в жизни своей.

31 И пришли братья его и весь дом отца его, и взяли его, и пошли и похоронили его между Цорою и Естаолом, во гробе Маноя, отца его. Он был судьею Израиля двадцать лет.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5247, 9836

Учение Нового Иерусалима Относительно Священного Писания 49

Истинная Христианская Религия 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

пришел
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Самсон
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

Газу
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

ночь
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Города
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

до
В большинстве случаев значение слова "до" довольно прямолинейно, как в качестве способа оценки относительного времени, так и в смысле его использования "в чьем-то присутствии". Однако...

полночь
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

двери
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

плечи
'The shoulder' signifies all power. 'The shoulder,' as in Ezekiel 29:7, signifies the power or faculty of understanding truth. 'To dwell between his shoulders,' as...

горы
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

после
Согласно Сведенборгу, время и пространство не существуют в духовной реальности; это чисто естественные вещи, которые существуют только на физическом плане. Это означает, что одна духовная...

имя
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

сто
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

серебра
'Money' relates to truth.

сказал
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Семь
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Филистимляне
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

ложь
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

люблю
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

сердце
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

трижды
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

день
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

назорей
'Nazarites' represent the Lord regarding His divine human, especially His divine natural. 'Nazarites,' in the Israelitish churches, represent the Lord regarding the Word, in its...

божий
Господь есть сама любовь, выраженная в виде мудрости. Тогда любовь - это Его сущность, Его крайняя сущность. Мудрость - любящее понимание того, как воплотить любовь...

чрева
'Womb,' as in Genesis 49:25, signifies the conjunction of good and truth. The term 'belly' is used where truths are being discussed, and the term...

матери
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

видя
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

серебро
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

знал
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Господь
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

глаза
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

доме
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

волосы
The hair is the very outermost part of the body, and "hair" in the Bible represents the outermost expression of whatever the body represents. In...

расти
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Бог
Господь есть сама любовь, выраженная в виде мудрости. Тогда любовь - это Его сущность, Его крайняя сущность. Мудрость - любящее понимание того, как воплотить любовь...

Руки
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Земли
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

нас
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

дома
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

столбы
A pillar of a cloud by day,' and 'a pillar of fire by night,' as in Exodus 8:21, signifies a state of illustration which is...

дом
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

тысяч
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

вспомни
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

один
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

два
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

душа
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Жизни
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

братья
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

гробе
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

Израиля
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

двадцать
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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