КнигаСудей 13

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синодальный перевод (1876)         

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1 Сыны Израилевы продолжали делать злое пред очами Господа, и предал их Господь в руки Филистимлян на сорок лет.

2 В то время был человек из Цоры, от племени Данова, именем Маной; жена его была неплодна и не рождала.

3 И явился Ангел Господень жене и сказал ей: вот, ты неплодна и нерождаешь; но зачнешь, и родишь сына;

4 итак берегись, не пей вина и сикера, и не ешь ничего нечистого;

5 ибо вот, ты зачнешь и родишь сына, и бритва не коснется головы его,потому что от самого чрева младенец сей будет назорей Божий, и он начнет спасать Израиля от руки Филистимлян.

6 Жена пришла и сказала мужу своему: человек Божий приходил ко мне, которого вид, как вид Ангела Божия, весьма почтенный; я не спросила его, откуда он, и он не сказал мне имени своего;

7 он сказал мне: „вот, ты зачнешь и родишь сына; итак не пей вина исикера и не ешь ничего нечистого, ибо младенец от самого чрева до смерти своей будет назорей Божий".

8 Маной помолился Господу и сказал: Господи! пусть придет опять к нам человек Божий, которого посылал Ты, и научит нас, что нам делать с имеющим родиться младенцем.

9 И услышал Бог голос Маноя, и Ангел Божий опять пришел к жене, когда она была в поле, и Маноя, мужа ее, небыло с нею.

10 Жена тотчас побежала и известила мужа своего и сказала ему: вот, явился мне человек, приходивший ко мне тогда.

11 Маной встал и пошел с женою своею, и пришел к томучеловеку и сказал ему: ты ли тот человек, который говорил с сею женщиною? Ангел сказал: я.

12 И сказал Маной: итак, если исполнится слово твое, как нам поступать с младенцем сим и что делать с ним?

13 Ангел Господень сказал Маною: пусть он остерегается всего, о чем я сказал жене;

14 пусть не ест ничего, что производит виноградная лоза; пусть не пьет вина и сикера и не ест ничего нечистого и соблюдает все, что я приказал ей.

15 И сказал Маной Ангелу Господню: позволь удержать тебя, пока мы изготовим для тебя козленка.

16 Ангел Господень сказал Маною: хотя бы ты и удержал меня, но я не буду есть хлеба твоего; если же хочешь совершить всесожжение Господу, то вознеси его. Маной же не знал, что это Ангел Господень.

17 И сказал Маной Ангелу Господню: как тебе имя? чтобы нам прославить тебя, когда исполнится слово твое.

18 Ангел Господень сказал ему: что ты спрашиваешь об имени моем? оно чудно.

19 И взял Маной козленка и хлебное приношение и вознес Господу на камне. И сделал Он чудо, которое виделиМаной и жена его.

20 Когда пламень стал подниматься от жертвенника к небу, Ангел Господень поднялся в пламени жертвенника. Видя это, Маной ижена его пали лицем на землю.

21 И невидим стал Ангел Господень Маною и жене его. Тогда Маной узнал, что это Ангел Господень.

22 И сказал Маной жене своей: верно мы умрем, ибо видели мы Бога.

23 Жена его сказала ему: если бы Господь хотел умертвить нас, то не принял бы от рук наших всесожжения и хлебного приношения, и не показал бы нам всего того, и теперь не открыл бы нам сего.

24 И родила жена сына, и нарекла имя ему: Самсон. И рос младенец, и благословлял его Господь.

25 И начал Дух Господень действовать в нем в стане Дановом, междуЦорою и Естаолом.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

Новый Иерусалим и его Небесное Учение 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: The Birth of Samson
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Kills a Lion
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Angel of the Lord Appears to Samson’s Parents
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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