КнигаСудей 1

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синодальный перевод (1876)         

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1 По смерти Иисуса вопрошали сыны Израилевы Господа, говоря: кто из нас прежде пойдет на Хананеев – воевать с ними?

2 И сказал Господь: Иуда пойдет; вот, Я предаю землю в руки его.

3 Иуда же сказал Симеону, брату своему: войди со мною в жребий мой, ибудем воевать с Хананеями; и я войду с тобою в твой жребий. И пошел с ним Симеон.

4 И пошел Иуда, и предал Господь Хананеев и Ферезеев в руки их, и побили они из них в Везеке десять тысяч человек.

5 В Везеке встретились они с Адони-Везеком, сразились с ним и разбилиХананеев и Ферезеев.

6 Адони-Везек побежал, но они погнались за ним и поймали его и отсекли большие пальцы на руках его и на ногах его.

7 Тогда сказал Адони-Везек: семьдесят царей с отсеченными на руках ина ногах их большими пальцами собирали крохи под столом моим; как делал я, так и мне воздал Бог. И привели его в Иерусалим, и он умер там.

8 И воевали сыны Иудины против Иерусалима и взяли его, и поразили его мечом и город предали огню.

9 Потом пошли сыны Иудины воевать с Хананеями, которые жили на горах и на полуденной земле и на низменных местах.

10 И пошел Иуда на Хананеев, которые жили в Хевроне(имя же Хеврону было прежде Кириаф-Арбы), и поразили Шешая, Ахимана и Фалмая.

11 Оттуда пошел он против жителей Давира; имя Давиру было прежде Кириаф-Сефер.

12 И сказал Халев: кто поразит Кириаф-Сефер и возьмет его, тому отдам Ахсу, дочь мою, в жену.

13 И взял его Гофониил, сын Кеназа, младшего брата Халевова, и Халев отдал в жену ему Ахсу, дочь свою.

14 Когда надлежало ей идти, Гофониил научил ее просить у отца ее поле, и она сошла с осла. Халев сказал ей: что тебе?

15 Ахса сказала ему: дай мне благословение; ты дал мне землюполуденную, дай мне и источники воды. И дал ей Халев источники верхние и источники нижние.

16 И сыны Иофора Кенеянина, тестя Моисеева, пошли из городаПальм с сынами Иудиными в пустыню Иудину, которая на юг от Арада, ипришли и поселились среди народа.

17 И пошел Иуда с Симеоном, братом своим, и поразили Хананеев, живших в Цефафе, и предали его заклятию, и от того называется город сей Хорма.

18 Иуда взял также Газу с пределами ее, Аскалон с пределами его, и Екрон с пределами его.

19 Господь был с Иудою, и он овладел горою; но жителей долины не мог прогнать, потому что у них были железные колесницы.

20 И отдали Халеву Хеврон, как говорил Моисей, и изгнал он оттуда трех сынов Енаковых.

21 Но Иевусеев, которые жили в Иерусалиме, не изгнали сыны Вениаминовы, и живут Иевусеи с сынами Вениамина в Иерусалиме до сего дня.

22 И сыны Иосифа пошли также на Вефиль, и Господь был с ними.

23 И остановились и высматривали сыны Иосифовы Вефиль(имя же городу было прежде Луз).

24 И увидели стражи человека, идущего из города, и сказали ему: покажи нам вход в город, и сделаем с тобою милость.

25 Он показал им вход в город, и поразили они город мечом, а человека сего и все родство его отпустили.

26 Человек сей пошел в землю Хеттеев, и построил город и нарек имя ему Луз. Это имя его до сего дня.

27 И Манассия не выгнал жителей Бефсана и зависящих от него городов, Фаанаха и зависящих от него городов, жителей Дора и зависящих от него городов, жителей Ивлеама и зависящих от него городов,жителей Мегиддона и зависящих от него городов; и остались Хананеи жить в земле сей.

28 Когда Израиль пришел в силу, тогда сделал он Хананеев данниками, но изгнать не изгнал их.

29 И Ефрем не изгнал Хананеев, живущих в Газере; и жили Хананеи среди их в Газере.

30 И Завулон не изгнал жителей Китрона и жителей Наглола, и жили Хананеи среди их и платили им дань.

31 И Асир не изгнал жителей Акко и жителей Сидонаи Ахлава, Ахзива, Хелвы, Афека и Рехова.

32 И жил Асир среди Хананеев, жителей земли той, ибо не изгнал их.

33 И Неффалим не изгнал жителей Вефсамиса и жителей Бефанафа и жил среди Хананеев, жителей земли той; жители же Вефсамиса и Бефанафа были его данниками.

34 И стеснили Аморреи сынов Дановых в горах, ибо не давали им сходить на долину.

35 И остались Аморреи жить на горе Херес, в Аиалоне и Шаалвиме; но рука сынов Иосифовых одолела Аморреев , и сделались они данниками им.

36 Пределы Аморреев от возвышенности Акравим и от Селы простирались и далее.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Руки
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Симеон
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

жребий
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

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тысяч
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человек
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Иерусалим
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умер
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воды
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юг
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называется
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Газу
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говорил
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в
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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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