ИисусНавин 8

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1 Господь сказал Иисусу: не бойся и не ужасайся; возьми с собою весь народ, способный к войне, и встав пойди к Гаю; вот, Я предаю в руки твои царя Гайского и народ его, город его и землю его;

2 сделай с Гаем и царем его то же, что сделал ты с Иерихоном и царем его, только добычу его и скот его разделите себе; сделай засаду позадигорода.

3 Иисус и весь народ, способный к войне, встал, чтобы идти к Гаю,и выбрал Иисус тридцать тысяч человек храбрых и послал их ночью,

4 и дал им приказание и сказал: смотрите, вы будете составлять засаду у города позади города; не отходите далеко от города и будьте все готовы;

5 а я и весь народ, который со мною, подойдем к городу; и когда жители Гая выступят против нас, как и прежде, то мы побежим от них;

6 они пойдут за нами, так что мы отвлечем их от города; ибо они скажут: „бегут от нас, как и прежде"; когда мы побежим от них,

7 тогда вы встаньте из засады и завладейте городом, и Господь Бог ваш предаст его в руки ваши;

8 когда возьмете город, зажгите город огнем, по слову Господню сделайте; смотрите, я повелеваю вам.

9 Таким образом послал их Иисус, и они пошли в засаду и засели междуВефилем и между Гаем, с западной стороны Гая; а Иисус в ту ночь ночевал среди народа.

10 Встав рано поутру, Иисус осмотрел народ, и пошел он и старейшины Израилевы впереди народа к Гаю;

11 и весь народ, способный к войне, который был с ним, пошел, приблизился и подошел к городу,

12 и поставил стан с северной стороныГая, а между ним и Гаем была долина. Потом взял он около пяти тысяч человек и посадил их в засаде между Вефилем и Гаем, с западной стороны города.

13 И народ расположил весь стан, который был с северной стороны города, так, что задняя часть была с западной стороны города. Ипришел Иисус в ту ночь на средину долины.

14 Когда увидел это царь Гайский, тотчас с жителями города, встав рано, выступил против Израиля насражение, он и весь народ его, на назначенное место пред равниною; а он не знал, что для него есть засада позади города.

15 Иисус и весь Израиль, будто пораженные ими, побежали к пустыне;

16 а они кликнули весь народ, который был в городе, чтобы преследовать их, и, преследуя Иисуса, отдалились от города;

17 в Гае и Вефиле не осталось ни одного человека, который не погнался бы за Израилем; и город свой они оставили отворенным, преследуя Израиля.

18 Тогда Господь сказал Иисусу: простри копье, которое в руке твоей,к Гаю, ибо Я предам его в руки твои. Иисус простер копье, которое было в его руке, к городу.

19 Сидевшие в засаде тотчас встали с места своего и побежали, как скоро он простер руку свою, вошли в город и взяли его и тотчас зажгли город огнем.

20 Жители Гая, оглянувшись назад, увидели, что дым от города восходил к небу. И не было для них места, куда бы бежать – ни туда, ни сюда; ибо народ, бежавший к пустыне, обратился на преследователей.

21 Иисус и весь Израиль, увидев, что сидевшие в засаде взяли город, и дым от города восходил к небу , возвратились и стали поражать жителей Гая;

22 а те из города вышли навстречу им, так что они находились в средине между Израильтянами, из которых одни были с той стороны, а другие с другой; так поражали их, что не оставили ни одного из них, уцелевшего или убежавшего;

23 а царя Гайского взяли живого и привели его к Иисусу.

24 Когда Израильтяне перебили всех жителей Гая на поле, в пустыне, куда они преследовали их, и когда все они до последнего пали от острия меча, тогда все Израильтяне обратились к Гаю и поразили его острием меча.

25 Падших в тот день мужей и жен, всех жителей Гая, было двенадцать тысяч.

26 Иисус не опускал руки своей, которую простер с копьем, доколе не предал заклятию всех жителей Гая;

27 только скот и добычу города сего сыны Израиля разделили между собою, по словуГоспода, которое Господь сказал Иисусу.

28 И сожег Иисус Гай и обратил его в вечные развалины, в пустыню, до сего дня;

29 а царя Гайского повесил на дереве, до вечера; по захождении же солнца приказал Иисус, и сняли труп его с дерева, и бросили его у ворот городских, и набросали над ним большую груду камней, которая уцелела даже до сего дня.

30 Тогда Иисус устроил жертвенник Господу Богу Израилеву на гореГевал,

31 как заповедал Моисей, раб Господень, сынам Израилевым, о чем написано в книге закона Моисеева, – жертвенник из камней цельных, на которые не поднимали железа; и принесли на нем всесожжение Господу и совершили жертвы мирные.

32 И написал Иисус там на камнях список с закона Моисеева, который он написал пред сынами Израилевыми.

33 Весь Израиль, старейшины его и надзиратели его и судьи его, стали с той и другой стороны ковчега против священников и левитов, носящих ковчег завета Господня, как пришельцы, так и природные жители, одна половина их у горы Гаризим, а другая половина у горы Гевал, как прежде повелел Моисей, раб Господень, благословлять народ Израилев.

34 И потом прочитал Иисус все слова закона, благословение и проклятие, как написано в книге закона;

35 из всего, что Моисей заповедал Иисусу , не было ни одного слова, которого Иисус не прочитал бы пред всем собранием Израиля, и женами, и детьми, и пришельцами, находившимися среди них.

  

Exploring the Meaning of ИисусНавин 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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